Eating Disorder Anomalous Eating Habits Essay

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Possibly the greatest controversy related to eating-disorder management is the treatment of binge-eating disorder. (Marcus and Wildes, 2009) People with binge-eating disorder exhibit varying attitudes towards eating, shape and weight, together with mood swings like depression and behavior disorders. Since binge-eating disorder encompass both weight and eating-disorder problems, experts of both the obesity and eating-disorders fields identify disease management goals in their own way. On one hand, eating-disorders specialists recommend binge-eating is best cured by conventional eating-disorder approaches, like providing emotional support to the patient may lead to stop bingeing, improve their confidence and body acceptance. Same is correct for underlying psychological problems associated with obesity such as depression and nervousness.

Conversely, specialists of obesity recommend curing obesity first. They think it is useless or sometimes impossible to handle psychological problems without treating obesity. However, some eating disorder experts believe, since the disease is complex, there are several ways to treat it. For instance, studies reveal that cognitive behavioral therapy is beneficial for treating depression and bulimia both, interpersonal therapy helps cure depression, and behavioral weight-loss management helps cure obesity.

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The complications in anorexia nervosa develop slowly and gradually and mostly develop an overall therapeutic condition rather than specific. Hence, these are rectified gradually and orally, through administration of food supplements, multiple minerals and multivitamins. In the course of first 3-7 days, an easily digestible food measuring approximately 5-10 kcal/kg per day together with thiamine and vitamin B co-strong in small meals is given to the patient. (Thomas, Vartanian and Brownell, 2009)

Essay on Eating Disorder Anomalous Eating Habits Assignment

Meals containing large quantities of phosphorus (eg, dairy products) are recommended to the severely malnourished individuals, that diminishes the onset of refeeding syndrome. Food administration by tube is seldom required. Mostly the treatment intends to develop an increase of 250 g and 450 g weight in outpatients in a week, and approximately 1 kg in those treated in hospital.

Few strategies to develop weight change like vomiting or diuretics abuse, laxatives, or caffeinated and fizzy drinks may lead to electrolyte imbalance or under or over hydration. (Marcus and Wildes, 2009) Severe conditions may lead to acute renal failure. Oral administration is mostly the foremost and most preferred way of management; nevertheless the treatment is decided after a complete medical checkup and assessment of risk. Constant vomiting and Persistent hypokalaemia needs rectification to correct an imbalance of calcium and magnesium. This can be achieved through Proton-pump inhibitors that reduce gastric acid secretion and metabolic alkalosis and assist in potassium reservation in the body.

Some therapeutic effects of eating disorders can be irremediable or possess after effects on well-being, mainly those involving the skeleton, brain and the reproductive system. Some long-term complications include growth retardation, Dental problems and osteoporosis.

Anorexia nervosa has found to be associated with reduced fertility, miscarriage and maternity rate in women. (Eddy, Dorer, Franko, Tahilani, Thompson-Brenner and Herzog, 2008) Anorexia nervosa may also cause a decreased birth weight of infants; similarly it is higher in children of mothers having bulimia nervosa. Moreover, such conditions may augment risk for prenatal problems and feeding complication that may affect growth in infants. Hence, both infertile and expected women should be screened and treated if diagnosed with eating disorders to maximize the well-being of upcoming generations.

References

Calero-Elvira A, Krug I, Davis K, Lopez C, Fernandez-Aranda F, Treasure J. (2009) Meta-analysis on drugs in people with eating disorders. 17: 243-59.

Eddy KT, Dorer DJ, Franko DL, Tahilani K, Thompson-Brenner H, Herzog DB. (2008) Diagnostic crossover in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: implications for DSM-V. American Journal of Psychiatry; 165: 245-50.

Marcus MD, Wildes JE. (2009) Obesity: is it a mental disorder? International Journal of Eating Disorder; published online July 16. DOI:10.1002/eat.20725.

Pallister E, Waller G. (2008) Anxiety in the eating disorders: understanding the overlap. Clinical Psychology Revised 2008; 28: 366-86.

Thomas JJ, Vartanian LR, Brownell KD. (2009) The relationship between eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) and officially recognized eating disorders: meta-analysis and implications for DSM. Psychological Journal; 135: 407-33.

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