Healthcare System Essay

Pages: 8 (2750 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 15  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Healthcare

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .

The average life expectancy in Norway is high (Burger et al. 2012). This is a significant factor in increasing pressure on the healthcare system of Norway. The old age citizens require healthcare facilities more frequently than the young aged public. The intensity and severity of the old age healthcare requirements play an important role in exerting pressure on the system. The policies of healthcare provision are also observed as facilitating at the first place in case a patient is qualified for benefits. The policy enables the patient to gain healthcare treatment on the basis of severity of the diseases (Haveman et al. 2011).

Increased Diseases:

There are multiple causes for increased healthcare diseases. The increase is due to declining nutrition in food, environmental, and socio-economic factors (Cockerham 2010). Global warming and environmental factors are widely influencing agriculture. It has serious implication on the health of citizens. The extensive usage of pesticides and fertilizer is also decaling human health. The immunity in human body is damaged through pesticides usage in agriculture. The degrading environment is also a notable cause in declining health of individuals. It is observed that diseases spread on earth are increasing due to unnatural practices adopted in life styles. Human behaviors towards eating healthy and maintaining healthy life have largely affected on bodies and as a result the human immunity is damaged (Whitney2010).

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TOPIC: Essay on Healthcare System of Norway Health Assignment

The healthcare policies and practices in healthcare sector have various implications on public. It is appropriate to define healthcare polices in relation to their impacts on human health of the citizens. The governments introduce healthcare policies with a motive to increase health conditions of their public within the available resources (Yip et al. 2012). However the resource scarcity can be eliminated through effective polices and systems to provide essential healthcare. The individuals with health issues are at the forefront as recipients of benefits and implications of certain healthcare policies adopted by countries including Norway. Following major healthcare impacts are observed in relation to the policies adopted in recent years.

Impacts on public health:

The citizens are guided through adoption of the system requiring a sophisticated approach towards geographic healthcare service providers in Norway. The central authority has issued guidelines for coordination and prioritization of the patients. These guidelines can only fulfill their purpose as in case of appropriate systems. The system should be able to provide necessary guidance within the time required to assess the severity of the patients. The system cannot work appropriately in case of any shortcomings at regional levels. The health care system categorizes the patients in four major sections. Three out of four sections are relevant for the waiting time prioritization except emergency. In next section waiting time prioritization is discussed t elaborate the significance of the issue arising from adopting the healthcare policy Norway.

Waiting-time Prioritization:

According to Jones (2011) there are several countries which adopted the healthcare polices similar to Norway. The core of these polices is introduction of waiting time prioritization. The waiting time prioritization is also introduced in several countries e.g. Canada and New Zealand etc. However there is significant evidence that the issue could not have been resolved even after the implantation of these polices. On the other hand it has increased the waiting time for deserving patients requiring necessary healthcare. It is also observed that the patients with high benefits had to wait for longer times as compared with the low benefits seekers (Jones 2011). It has not only increased the pressure on the system but at the same time resulted into unsatisfied patients. The governments are blamed for the failures and public considers itself venerable.

The analysis conducted in the research Jones (2011) elaborates that the private sector has different implications of these waiting time introduction in policies. The patients are required to hefty fees out of their own pocket to finance their healthcare. It is not advisable to consider these private healthcare facilities in the analysis of waiting time. However the general opinion about the implications of waiting time as a policy has severe implications on public health.

Conclusion:

The healthcare policies and regulations vary from country to country. Each state develops their own policies and regulations for providing healthcare facilities to their citizens. It is essential to understand the country dynamics for elaborative understating of the policies and systems adopted by the country. The countries willing to adopt a public healthcare policy are required to adopt policies that are in favor of general public. Norway is considered a high taxation country and as a result the policy adopted by the nation is in line with the state governed healthcare facilities. The infrastructure of state is divided into four major geographic authorities, governed through central guidelines for healthcare. The patients are also segregated in four major groups. These groups have their own priorities and waiting time. Emergency patients are exempted from these time constraints.

There are multiple channels exerting pressures on the healthcare system of Norway. These factors are economic, social, environmental, and health. The citizen of Norway enjoys extended life expectancy as compared with several other countries. The increasing age of population, high disease rate, and costs of healthcare system are notable factors influencing increase in demand and allowing the system to reflect increased time required to provide essential healthcare to patients.

Bibliography:

Almgren, G . 2012, Health Care Politics, Policy and Services: a social justice analysis, Springer Publishing Company, USA.

Askildsen, J.E., Holmas, T.H. & Kaarboe, O. 2011, Monitoring prioritization in the public health-care sector by use of medical guidelines, The case of Norway, Health economics, Vol. 20, No. 8, pp. 958-970.

Burger, E.A., Ortendahl, J.D., Sy, S, Kristiansen, I.S. & Kim, J.J. 2012, Cost-effectiveness of cervical cancer screening with primary human papillomavirus testing in Norway, British journal of cancer.

Cockerham, W.C. 2010, The new Blackwell companion to medical sociology, Vol. 20, Wiley-Blackwell, USA.

Goldstone, J.A. 2010, New Population Bomb: The Four Megatrends That Will Change the World, The Foreign Aff, Vol. 89, PP. 31.

Haveman, M., Perry, J., Salvador-Carulla, L., Walsh, P.N., Kerr, M., Van SchrojensteinLantman-de Valk, H. & Weber, G. 2011, Ageing and health status in adults with intellectual disabilities: Results of the European POMONA II study, Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 49-60.

Heijink, R., Koolman, X., & Westert, G.P. (2012). Spending more money, saving more lives? The relationship between avoidable mortality and healthcare spending in 14 countries, The European Journal of Health Economics, PP. 1-12.

Jones, A.M. 2011, The Elgar companion to health economics, Edward Elgar, USA.

Luigi, S., Michael, B. & Valerie, M. 2013, OECD Health Policy Studies Waiting Time Policies in the Health Sector What Works?: What Works?, OECD Publishing, USA.

Matcha, D.A. 2003, Health Care Systems of the Developed World: How the United States' System Remains an Outlier, Praeger Publishers, USA.

Morland, B., Ringard, A. & Rottingen, J.A.2010,Supporting tough decisions in Norway: a healthcare system approach, International journal of technology assessment in health care, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 398.

Pontusson, J. 2011, Once Again a Model, What's Left of the Left, PP. 89-115.

Schmid, A, Cacace, M, Gotze, R & Rothgang, H. 2010, Explaining health care system change: Problem pressure and the emergence of "hybrid" health care systems, Journal of health politics, policy and law, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 455-486.

Whitney, K. 2010, Living Lawns, Dying Waters: The Suburban Boom, Nitrogenous Fertilizers, and the… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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