International Relations Theory and United Essay

Pages: 8 (2630 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 18  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Government

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .

As an external party, the United Nations has become one of the most evident forms of intervention in violent conflicts as the international level.

Actually, among the current external or third parties, the United Nations has a special place at the international level because of its mission of being the magnificent guardian of international security and peace (Yilmaz, 2005, p.14). Consequently, conflicting parties tend to usually expect more from the United Nations than the other third-parties, which may have necessary resources to exploit the conflict.

Since the international relations theory goes beyond the maintenance of pace and reducing the possibility of war, it explains UN contribution to peace as third-party intervention. This is largely because UN peacekeeping goes beyond the mere coping with physical violence to include multinational involvement in conflict situations with the aim of establishing necessary conditions for sustainable peace. United Nations peacekeepers create conditions for sustainable peace by assisting combatants to reach a mutually acceptable solution and evaluate an already signed peace agreement. This assistance includes confidence-building initiatives, electoral support, economic and social development, and power-sharing agreements.

Problem-solving Theory or Approach:

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One of the major strategies in peace operations in international relations theory is the problem-solving and critical approach (Johnstone, 2005). The international relations theory explains United Nations' contribution to peace as a problem-solving theory or approach. This is because the initiatives of UN peacekeeping missions are geared towards recognizing the parameters of the current world order and trying to resolve the existing problems within it. United Nations contribution to peace is through the understanding of the global order and conflict situations in order to design operations that are geared towards maintaining sustainable peace in the conflict region.

Postwar Peace-building:

TOPIC: Essay on International Relations Theory and United Assignment

In most cases where civil wars occur, they are usually linked with to poor leadership, bad external influences by neighboring nations or wars, and bad neighborhoods. The United Nations theory of creating sustainable peace is through postwar peace building that heavily relies on international influences. This concept by the United Nations is relevant to the International Relations theory especially regarding the perspectives on civil war (Doyle & Sambanis, 2006, p. 40). One of the major focuses of the UN contribution to peace is addressing state failure, which is normally associated with civil war. State failure contributes to civil war by generating situations of domestic anarchy that parallel the situation of international anarchy. In the recent years, United Nations' peacekeeping operations and missions have developed to cover the complete range of post-conflict peace-building and civilian activities that are now critical features of the Security Council mandates (Ahmed, Keating & Solinas, 2007).

Conflict Stabilizer:

As part of its mandate in conflict resolution, the UN contribution to peace can be explained through the international relations theory as a conflict stabilizer. Through its problem-solving model, UN not only focuses on resolving conflicts but it also seeks to assert itself as a conflict stabilizer. This is through addressing the peaceful transformation of war by developing societal accountability of power holders. The organization represents the willingness of societal powers to foster peace in areas where conflict and war had stimulated violence and instability (Martin, 2005). The United Nations' peacekeeping model is embedded on two aspects i.e. power politics model conflict stabilizer and problem solving model conflict resolver.

Concept of Humanitarian Intervention:

The final way with which the international relations theory explains the contribution of the United Nations to peace is as a concept of humanitarian intervention. Together with the idea of Responsibility to Protect, the concept of humanitarian intervention is part of the wider set of standards and conflict-management tools that have to the worldwide empirical developments. These concepts have resulted in the reduction of armed conflicts, genocide, war, violations of international humanitarian law, and mass atrocities (Western, 2011).

Conclusion:

International relations theory is a critical field in understanding international affairs especially the lessening of possibilities for war. Most importantly, this theory has developed to become a critical aspect of United Nations contribution to peace. Actually, the theory explains UN's contribution to peace in various ways like third-party intervention and conflict stabilizer.

References:

Ahmed, S. Keating P. & Solinas, U (2007), 'Shaping the Future of UN Peace Operations: is there

A Doctrine In the House?' Cambridge Review of International Affairs, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 11-28, viewed 26 November 2011,

Cristol, J (n.d.), International Relations Theory, Oxford Bibliographies Online, viewed 26

November 2011,

Doyle, M.W. & Sambanis, N 2006, Making war and building peace: United Nations peace operations, Princeton University Press, New Jersey.

Goldstein, J.S (2007), Core Principles of International Relations Theory, Goldstein and Pevehouse, viewed 26 November 2011,

Johnstone, I (2005), Peace Operations Literature Review, United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations, viewed 26 November 2011,



Korab-Karpowicz, W.J (2010), Political Realism in International Relations, Stanford

Encyclopedia of Philosophy, viewed 26 November 2011,

Martin, A.S (2005), The Contribution of Critical Theory to New Thinking on Peacekeeping,

University of Bradford, viewed 26 November 2011,

Newmann, B (n.d.), A Brief Introduction to Theories on International Relations and Foreign

Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University, viewed 26 November 2011,



O'Connor, T (2010), An Overview of the Field of International Relations, MegaLinks in Criminal Justice, viewed 26 November 2011,

Richmond, O.P 2008, Peace in international relations, Taylor & Francis, New York.

Rubinstein, R.A (2010), 'Peacekeeping and The Return of Imperial Policing,' International

Peacekeeping, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 457-70, viewed 26 November 2011,

Tan, P (2010), Introduction to International Relations (IR), University of North Carolina

Wilmington, viewed 26 November 2011,

Walt, S.M (2000), International Relations: One World, Many Theories, Columbia University,

viewed 26 November 2011,

Weber, C 2009, International relations theory: a critical introduction, Taylor & Francis, New

York.

Western, J (2011), 'Protecting States or Protecting Civilians: The Case for R2P,' Massachusetts

Review, vol.52, no. 2, pp. 348-57, viewed 26 November 2011,

Wilkinson, P 2010, International relations, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.: New York.

Yilmaz, M.E (2005), 'UN Peacekeeping In the Post-Cold War Era,' International Journal on World Peace, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 13-28, viewed 26 November 2011,

Zanotti, L (2010), 'UN Integrated Peacekeeping Operations and NGOs: Reflections on Governmental Rationalities and Contestation in the Age of Risk,' International Peacekeeping, vol.17, no. 1, pp. 17-31, viewed 26 November 2011, [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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