Organizational Psychology Businesses and Organizations Essay

Pages: 4 (1469 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .

In 1973, Organizational was added, creating the Division of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP History, 2012). The purposes of the field of industrial and organizational psychology have remained relatively the same, and the field continues to grow and evolve at the present.

Organizational psychology is closely related to two fields: social psychology and organizational behavior. Organizational psychology combines research and practice methods from social psychology and organizational behavior, as it focuses on both the emotional and motivational side of work (Landy, & Conte, 2009). Similar to organizational psychology, social psychology studies how an individual's behaviors, feelings, and thoughts are influenced and affected by the presence of others. Organizational psychology focuses these concerns into the workplace setting, and also addresses such areas as attitudes, fairness, motivation, leadership, teams, stress, and other topics that are related to the social system of the workplace (Landy, & Conte, 2009). Organizational psychology and organizational behavior share fundamental concerns about job satisfaction, leadership theories, motivation, and examines how work structures, groups, teams, and individuals influence behavior within an organization (Landy, & Conte, 2009). Organizational psychology, however, also focuses on specific work-related issues, such as how to train individuals for a job and how to build tests and models that will indicate the ideal candidate for a position (Landy, & Conte, 2009).Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Essay on Organizational Psychology Businesses and Organizations Assignment

Research and statistics play a significant role in organizational psychology, and psychologists are trained to use a scientist-practitioner model to generate scientific knowledge while simultaneously applying that knowledge for practical purposes. The scientist-practitioner model conducts research based on psychological assessment, psychological intervention, and hypothesis to address a specific problem or issue (Landy, & Conte, 2009). The psychologists gather data, publish the data, and design research to eliminate alternative explanations for the research results (Landy, & Conte, 2009). The significance of workplace research is to identify base research that will help predict outcomes of an organization's actions.

The research methods of organizational psychologists allow for the examination of workplace behaviors, and in some instances, research is designed to test organizational theories. Research conducted by organizational psychologists gives insights into such areas as group effectiveness, socialization of new employees, and goal-setting processes (Jex, 2002). The findings generated from these studies help to develop models designed to guide interventions within organizations to increase effectiveness in the workplace. One common form of data collection in organization psychology is experimentation, in which the psychologist designs a highly controlled situation to assess cause-and-effect relationships within the organization (Jex, 2002). To design an experiment, the researcher assigns independent and dependent variables, manipulates the independent variable, and then executes maximum control of the independent variable to evaluate cause-and-effect relations (Jex, 2002). Statistical research is conducted to develop interventions to enhance the functioning of work groups, and to deduce which actions will encourage better work performance. The use of research methods and the scientist-practitioner model are critical to the practice of organizational psychology.

Numerous fields of study stem from the discipline of psychology to describe the effects and manifestations of human behavior and mental processes. The field of Organizational psychology uses psychological principles to explore the social and organizational behaviors of employees, workplaces, businesses, and companies. Organizational psychology is considered a lesser known discipline that focuses on applying psychological theories and principles to conduct research in a workplace setting. Studying the behaviors of employees and members within the work environment allows organizational psychologists to address problem areas, predict the consequences of organizational actions, and promote a healthy work environment. The role of research and statistics in organizational psychology is demonstrated with the scientist-practitioner model, in which psychological assessment, psychological intervention, and hypothesis are developed to address a specific problem or issue. The field is closely related to social psychology and organizational behavior, but there are noted distinctions between these disciplines and organizational psychology. Organizational psychology promotes the success of a workplace by concentrating on the performance, interactions, and well-being of its workers.

References

Jex, S. (2002). Organizational psychology: a scientist-practitioner approach.

New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Landy, F, & Conte, J. (2009). Work in the 21st century an introduction to industrial and organizational psychology. 3rd ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, Inc. (2012). What are SIOP and I-O

Psychologists? Retrieved from http://www.siop.org/media/What.aspx

Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, Inc. (2012). A Brief History of the Society

for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Inc.-A Division of the… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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