Plotinus, Augustine, Aquinas the School Essay

Pages: 2 (690 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Mythology - Religion

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In Augustine's writings, he bounded the idea of wisdom and provided the link between God's inner essence and the essence of human life.

St. Thomas Aquinas takes to the Neoplatonist ideas as well, further expanding and clarifying the works provided by both Plotinus and St. Augustine. Aquinas believed in the "Divina Potentia," the "power of God" (Schall, 1997). He believed that God's existence was "neither obvious nor unprovable," though he gave five reasons for his existence: God is simple, God is perfect, God is infinite, God is immutable, and God is one. "God has an internal life that seems itself social or containing within it an otherness" (Schall, 1997). As far as the creation of nature and humankind went, Aquinas believed -- just like Augustine -- in God's potentia. Aquinas takes this theory further with the belief of spontaneous generation, or abiogenesis. God "created from nothing"; humans, like the rest of the world surrounding mankind, were "created from nothing" (Schall, 1997).

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The three major figures -- Plotinus, Augustine, and Aquinas -- have provided rich philosophical ideas along the lines of Neoplatonism. Plotinus, the founder of the school of thought, influenced the studies of Augustine, who in turn influenced that of the writings of Thomas Aquinas. All three believed in the higher presence of the One, the God who is virtually unprovable and uncharacterized by human words, because God transcends the plane of human thought. The worldviews of all three figures and the belief in Neoplatonism remains the same; that only through the use of intellect and wisdom could humans successfully attain a higher level of thought, closer to the idea of the One.

References

Kowalczyk, S. (2006). Topicality of St. Augustine's Concept of Wisdom. Dialogue & Universalism, 16(5/6), 83-89. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Lekkas, G. (2005). Plotinus: towards an ontology of likeness (On the One and Nous). International Journal of Philosophical Studies, 13(1), 53-68. doi:10.1080/0967255042000324335

Essay on Plotinus, Augustine, Aquinas the School Assignment

Schall, J.V. (1997). The uniqueness of the political philosophy… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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