Saving Affirmative Action Laws Thesis

Pages: 4 (1238 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Race


These two groups account for two thirds of the population thus creating the issue of reverse discrimination. A number of cases have highlighted this. These include San Francisco Police Officers Association v. San Francisco, where gender and racial preferences were highlighted in testing of employees, Hayes v. North State Law Enforcement Officers association where higher ranking officers were not promoted and these positions were instead given to black officers, Detroit Police Officers v. Young where preferential treatment was given to minorities that had not experienced any actual discrimination and non-minorities experienced excessive hardship. These cases are among many that have highlighted situations where non-minorities were passed up for promotion or opportunities which were given to less deserving minorities.

Third problem: devaluing accomplishments

Many opponents to affirmative action have argued that it devalues the accomplishments of individuals who are denied opportunities on the basis that these opportunities are reserved for minority groups Sher, 1983.

Scholars have argued that affirmative action hinders reconciliation between minority and non-minority groups since it exposes discrimination though in a reverse fashion Garry, 2006.

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Fisher v. University of Texas is one of the major cases that have highlighted devaluing of accomplishments and reverse discrimination. According to the case, Abigale Fisher was denied an opportunity at the University of Texas because she is white. Sowell (2004)

has argued that affirmative action leads to minority groups designating themselves as preferred groups in order to take advantage of these group preference policies. Therefore they tend to reduce the incentives on non-minority groups and also undermine their performance though exemplary.

TOPIC: Thesis on Saving Affirmative Action Laws Affirmative Assignment

Corporates have also argued that affirmative action can harm a company's bottom line especially in a competitive economy. The supporters of this idea suggest that as corporations compete for quality employees, they have to consider minority groups thus they sometimes have to pick less qualified minority employees to satisfy the affirmative action requirements than the more qualified non-minority employees. Though this encourages diversity in the workplace and has its own advantages, at times it forces organizations to survive primarily on the diversity advantages than advantages of quality employees.


Affirmative action was a reasonable strategy towards eliminating discrimination that was rampant in the 50s and early 60s. Its main goal was to reapportion opportunities and wealth so that minority groups such as women and blacks. Through adopted affirmative action programs, discrimination was greatly reduced and minority individuals were given opportunities to enjoy the same socioeconomic opportunities as the non-minorities. However, over the years, affirmative action has outgrown its purpose and it currently leads to more disadvantages that it initially had. Three major problems have been identified which if not solved could create a vicious cycle that continue harming the society more than the advantages gained.


1986. Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education.

1987. United States v. Paradise.

2003a. Gratz v. Bollinger.

2003b. Grutter v. Bollinger.

ESPENSHADE, T.J. & RADFORD, A.W. 2009. No Longer Separate, Not Yet Equal: Race and Class in Elite College Admission and Campus Life, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.

GARRY, P.M. 2006. Cultural Whiplash: The Unforseen Consequences of American's Crusade Against Racial Discrimination, Gatwick, CUMBERLAND HOUSE PUB.

HO, D.E. 2011. Affirmative Action's Affirmative Actions: A Reply to Sander. Yale Law Journal, 114, 2011-2016.

SANDER, R.H. 2004. A systemic analysis of affirmative action in American Law Schools. Stanford Law Review, 57, 367-483.

SHER, G. 1983. Preferential Hiring. In: REGAN, T. (ed.) Just Business: New Introductory Essays In Business Ethics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

SOWELL, T. 2004. Affirmative Action Around the World: An Empirical Study, New Haven, Connecticut, Yale University Press. [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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APA Style

Saving Affirmative Action Laws.  (2013, May 14).  Retrieved December 1, 2021, from

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"Saving Affirmative Action Laws."  14 May 2013.  Web.  1 December 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Saving Affirmative Action Laws."  May 14, 2013.  Accessed December 1, 2021.