Barriers Female Educators Experience Term Paper

Pages: 3 (1474 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 10  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Sports - Women

Ortman, an Associate Professor of Human Development and Psychology at Mount Vernon College, specializes in gender roles in the workplace, and extends her studies to examine the spectrum of the effects of gender and "feminist pedagogy." (13.) While Ortman provides the scholarly foundation for the studies, Klein brings great analytical skills for both program and statistical analysis. A Senior Researcher at the Office of Educational Research and Improvement at the U.S. Department of Education, her sources are direct and viable. Together, they provide a coherent exegesis of Title Ix and the way it pertains to education attainment and the career environment in academics. Despite the progress made in recent years to level the playing field between men and women in academia, they call for a need for systematic development of research pertaining to and an agenda addressing the gender disparities in the educational workforce.

Among the demands they make of any scholarly research in the field is special attention to the legislative tools surrounding the issue of workforce barriers in education. Among these are Title IX, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and programs sponsored by the Department of Education. LEAD, a program instituted by the Department of Education, is particularly critical, since it sponsorship emphasizes the need for access for women and minorities to administrative positions.

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The American Educational Research Association also provides a wealth of literature pertaining to the study, including direct research as well as analytical and qualitative discourse. From Research Findings to Policy Advice states the incongruous work environment between men and women, as well as supporting an affirmative-action based approach to remedying the disparity. Complementary Methods for Research in Education, does, in its second edition, examine the nation's schools, its leadership, and the manner in which its appropriate to further investigate its livelihood. The Annual Program Meeting includes, among a variety of other conversations about women in the educational workplace, Gadsden's call for equality.

Term Paper on Barriers Female Educators Experience With Assignment

A variety of sociologists also provide a thorough examination of the gender environment in academic fields and the various barriers affecting women seeking professional promotion. Bailey and Campbell, in Gender Equity, explain what they promote as a need for affirmative action-type employment practices for women in higher education; Flansburg and Hanson disagree, siding more with the emphasis treated in Title IX. In their 1993 discussion, they argue "the only instance when educational institutions can treat females and males unequally is when conducting voluntary affirmative action."

Among others, McIntosh (1984) and Tetreault (1986) limn the discussion by providing background to the women in the workforce and the personal barriers that might be at play in curricula through their own lives, education, and experience with discrimination. These views are most collectively proclaimed with a call for change from the feminist prospective in Ambassador Cynthia P. Schneider's address to the Women International Network Meeting in Amsterdam in 2000. Ultimately, the barriers at play in education promote attention to the larger issue of the still present gender imbalance in American professional life, particularly in the field of education where women have always played a critical role of involvement but a minor role in leadership.


American Educational Research Association. 2005 Annual Meeting: Demography and Democracy in the Era of Accountability. Washington, D.C.: AERA, 2005.

American Educational Research Association. Complementary Methods for Research Education. Second Ed. Washington, D.C.: AERA, 2005.

American Educational Research Association. From Research Findings to Policy Advice: A Guide for AERA Members. Second Ed. Washington, D.C.: AERA, 2001.

Bailey and Campbell, S.M. And P.B. "Gender Equity: The Unexamined Basic of School Reform." Stanford Law and Policy Review. Volume 5. (Winter, 1992.) p. 73-86.

Flansburg and Hanson, S. And K. "Legislation for Change: A Case Study of Title IX and the Women's Educational Equity Porgoram." Fifth International Interdisciplinary Congress on Women. San Jose, Costa Rica. Feb., 1993.

Gadsden, Vivian. "Message from the Vice President." American Educational Research Association, Division of Context of Social Education. Washington, D.C.: AERA, 2005.

Klein and Ortman, Susan and Patricia. "Continuing the Journey toward Gender Equity." Educational Researcher. Vol. 23, No. 8. (Nov., 1994.) p. 13-21.

McIntosh, P. "Varieties of Women's Studies." Women's Studies International Forum. Vol. 7, Iss. 3. (1984) p. 139-248.

Schneider, Cynthia P. "The Glass Ceiling: How High Is It?" Amsterdam:… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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