Term Paper: Battle of Midway: Japanese Perspective

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[. . .] The new carriers build were redesigned to establish only two flight deck elevators and introduced new fire fighting instruments. Intensive training was given to more crew members in the areas of damage-control and firefighting techniques. Replacement pilots have also undergone thorough training, meeting short-term needs of the fleet. When so many areas were covered to be trained the quality of training had suffered massively. Japanese naval air groups have declined in their progress in terms of generic war quality because the inexperienced pilot were send in the front lines units, veterans were forced to share the ever increasing workload in tough working conditions with minimum chances of taking even rest for few hours. This had declines the productivity and efficiency of the workforce.

Indecisiveness and imperceptive war Approach- analytical perspective

Although Japanese Air Crafts and other war equipments were far much better than what Americans had, but possessing the best does not ensures success in war or any other life endeavors. The utilization of possessed resources is very important and similar situation occurred in the battle of Midway, where despite Yamamoto had all the state of the art war equipments but due to ineffective utilization of these equipments the result was completely different what he had expected. Apart from these war equipment utilization which was due to Indecisiveness of Japanese commander, the imperceptive approach to not to analyze the possible risks was also a major error in the plan. The counter surprise situation that occurred made Yamamoto irresolute because at the start of the attack he was highly over confident that he will easily knock off American army through attacking the American Island, but contrastingly to the situation the Americans were well aware and Yamamoto was himself surprised of the preparation of American army after which he could not decide to what resource should be used at what level [5: Chen, P. (n.d.). "Battle of Midway and the Aleutian Islands"; available from http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=6; Internet; accessed July 28, 2011]

Aircraft Industry in Japan and War Equipments

It was market by few authors that heavy losses in carriers and veterans aircrew at Midway had adversely weakened the Imperial Japanese Navy on long-term. After learning these important lessons from the war, Japanese army also found out the technology edge and its utilization was also one of the prime reasons because of which the result was opposite to what they had thought about. Japan rather focusing on the sequential wars, they strived to improve their internal processes and equipments. The Japanese Naval forces were trained after the war so that they are fully aware of how their equipments need to be used and how they should be able to optimize their war plan. The Japanese naval forces learned that keeping the air craft in hangers and not refueling them is not such a good strategy especially when in the war zone, because situations do not occur always as what is expected and similarly in the case of Midway Battle when more Aircrafts were required by the Japanese army, despite being present on the hanger the aircrafts were useless because of no fuel. Moreover, the refueling strategy was also not adopted and Japanese although had high technology equipments but at the battle ground a faster refueling equipment was required which was unfortunately not present, because its need was not thought about in the preparation stage of battle. Moreover, an important point in terms of strategy was that the Japanese army and its war equipments were not fully synchronized with Yamamoto because he was determined to keep an attacking strategy where he could destroy the American army and contrastingly, the Japanese army had more defensive crew members and equipments that were more suitable for damage control rather than attacking on the enemy base. Another aspect that remained unattended was in the replacement pilot plan. In most of the air battles when a pilot returns to his base, there are always replacement pilots ready to take control after briefings from the returning pilot, but contrastingly on this situation the replacement for every pilot was not available and returning in a difficult situation the pilots did not have enough time to brief the substitute pilot who would had to go on to the battle field regardless of the preparation . During the aftermath of battle of midway, the Japanese came out with the concept of quality of war which had been very poor in this battle and lack of preparation was considered was one of the major reason for the decline of Japanese strategy. [6: Dull, The Imperial Japanese Navy: A Battle History, p.166; Willmott, The Barrier and the Javelin, pp.519 -- 523; Prange, Miracle at Midway p.395.] [7: Mitch, P. "Japanese Aircraft History," available from http://japaneseaircraft.devhub.com/blog/category/history/; Internet; accessed July 28, 2011]


Considering the facts from battle of midway and keeping in mind the conventional strategy development skills of Japanese people, the battle was never on the Japanese side. Despite Yamamoto was highly over confident that he would easy destroy the American base, but eventually the impulsiveness and impatient attitude of Yamamoto resulted in non-synchronization and lack of preparation planning which eventually resulted in the loss for the Japanese. From leadership prospect, Yamamoto was not able to understand his team completely and the force that he had chosen in emergency to initiate the battle was not renowned for attacking strategy which was supposed to be adopted by the Japanese. However, Japanese learnt the lesson the hard way and fortunately they were able to recognize their loopholes to which they focused as well and came up with progressive results.

There have been contradicting history representations of this battle of midway, because the print media that was used to report this war has not reportedly to have neutral views where Japanese writers despite admitting that the war was lost they did not addressed one man failure, whereas the American writers who addressed this battle, perceived that it had been primarily one man failure which eventually lead to the failure of Japanese army which reportedly had 3,057 Japanese causalities with four flight carrier sunk.


Chen, P. (n.d.). "Battle of Midway and the Aleutian Islands." Available from http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=6; Internet; accessed July 28, 2011

Dull, Paul S. A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy (1941 -- 1945). U.S. Naval Institute Press. (1978).

Gordon W. Prange, Donald M. Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon, Miracle at Midway by Penguin, Non-Classics, 1983

Jonathan P. And Anthony T. Shattered Sword, Peattie & Evans, Kaigun, 2005, 33

Mercer, Charles, Miracle at Midway, Putnam Publishing Group, 1977.

Mitch, P. "Japanese Aircraft History." Available from http://japaneseaircraft.devhub.com/blog/category/history/; Internet; accessed July 28, 2011

Morison, Coral Sea, Midway and Submarine Actions: History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Journal Volume IV (May 1942 -- August… [END OF PREVIEW]

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