Essay: Bauhaus Remains

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[. . .] The 1925 edifice in Dessau encapsulated the culmination of Bauhaus work until that time. As a large rectangle, the Bauhaus building signaled simplicity of form. Yet other conjoining rectangles are emerging from the central rectangle, like Bayer's drafts. The bisecting lines form the rooms inside. Written vertically along the side of the building, the word "Bauhaus" appears in all uppercase using the sans-serif font that became characteristic of the movement.

Dessau was where Bauhaus incorporated business strategies into its overall mission (Meggs & Pervis, n.d.). Bauhaus members realized the importance of designing for the newly emerging mass consumption market. Previously, works of art, design, and furniture were produced one at a time by artisans. Now, the Bauhaus organization could design a prototype or a plan and offer that plan to the manufacture. The manufacturer would then be able to mass-produce many items in exactly the same way. Thus, the Bauhaus mentality was "art for the masses," bringing sensible and attractive design to the common person. This is why so many Bauhaus designs are for practical objects rather than useless ones.

The Dessau Bauhaus also changed the materials with which things were made. Steel and other modern materials became incorporated into household furniture. Breuer's original char design from his Weimar years evolved to incorporate steel in his "tubular steel chair" designs. These were similar to his Weimar chairs, but are actually more streamlined and elegant with a greater surface area of the material used to support the back and behind. Aluminum also became a common Bauhaus material during the productive Dessau years.

Dessau Bauhaus is characterized by a greater productivity rate, and a greater emphasis on designing items that could be mass produced. During the Weimar years, this end goal of Bauhaus had yet to be fully realized. Moreover, in Dessau the Bauhaus movement more fully embraced its role in typeface design and the design of print materials for final publication such as magazines. The Bauhaus influence on magazine publications was palpable, as Bauhaus impacted every element of the finished product including layout and typeface. Architecturally, the Bauhaus designs flourished in Dessau, beginning with the Dessau Bauhaus office building and extended beyond that to the incorporation of curvilinear elements. Such curvilinear elements are evident especially in the exported Bauhaus designs that can be seen for example in the apartment buildings in Tel Aviv.

References

Images:

1923 logo: http://www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/upload/yuiupload/1294752936.jpg

1919 Bauhaus logo: http://www.thefactoryhair.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Bauhaus_1919_Logo_by_neuwks.jpg

Marcel Breuer: http://www.tomorrowstarted.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Marcel-Breuer-armchair-original-chair-1920-weimar-Bauhaus-design.jpg

Griffith Winton, Alexandra . "The Bauhaus, 1919 -- 1933." In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000 -- . http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/bauh/hd_bauh.htm (August 2007)

Text:

Meggs, P.B. & Pervis, A.W. (n.d.). Chapter 16. Retrieved online: https://www.inkling.com/read/history-of-graphic-design-philip-meggs-5th/chapter-16/the-bauhaus-at-dessau [END OF PREVIEW]

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