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Benefits of Group Prenatal Care for Healthy BabiesResearch Paper

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¶ … Proactive Stance

The theory of a human service delivery is based on an understanding of how people and systems function in producing committed service (Reader, 2015). Unlike other service inputs, human effort or service cannot be quantified except in a subjective way. This means that the estimation of human service is a sensitive or tricky task. Experts in this field have always been in search of the best systems to produce the best services (Reader).

It must be kept in mind that services are intangible, variable, limited and ideological in nature (reader, 2015). It cannot be touched, handled, or resold. It involves interactions with individuals who receive the service. Its quality differs from another service and can be improved. This makes evaluation necessary. It is limited to the size of its workforce. And it is ideological in that an internal philosophy underlies the organization and motivates its people to undertake the service (Reader).

The Choice Delivery Model and Why

Deemed appropriate for the Partners for a Healthy Baby job design for the Wilson Co Department of Social Services is the group prenatal care model (Thielen, 2012). Its value was the finding of a critical review of research works published between 1998 and 2009. These studies centered on a comparison between individual and group prenatal care, using middle-range theories, Pender's health promotion model and Swanson's theory of caring. These theories were merged in order to enhance the relationship between pregnant women and the chosen group prenatal care model. Five of the 17 qualified research studies reviewed the women's gestational age and birth weight. The researchers found that infants of mothers belonging to the group prenatal care had longer gestation and greater birth weight. This was particularly the case in the preterm birth population. The review concluded that the group prenatal care could be a potential method in the improvement of perinatal conditions among pregnant women. Nurse educators and leaders should promote and encourage it (Thielsen).

Operational Requirements for Public Service and Its Justification

The current-day slant is directed at patient-centered care, such as in medical homes or health-care centers (Thielsen, 2012). The chosen delivery model, group prenatal care, focuses on the patient too. Its curriculum is impelled by patient need. The delivery model promises to reduce paternalism by enhancing patient-provider relationship through a partnership and one of trust. This partnership in care is itself a newer concept in healthcare delivery (Thielsen).

From the earlier years, the content-drive education mode has been gaining strength and displacing previous process-oriented models (Thielsen, 2012). These older models utilized concrete standards, based on gestation. This new and chosen delivery model may be guided by a similar curriculum but its content is subject to modification by the facilitator according to feedback. Feedback is encouraged right at the beginning of each class or group activity. This new model is also aligned with those of organizations, which promote healthy pregnancies, like the Lamaze International. This is done through evidence-based education provided to childbirth instructors, providers, and parents who aim at the same maternal and child goals (Thielsen).

Best Practices in Implementation and Evaluation of the Model

Technology has altered the reception of childbirth education and health education itself (Thielsen, 2012). Accordingly, the proliferation of internet information, books, and the mass media, especially the digital media, have certainly affected all information, behavior and attitudes towards pregnancy. Interactive computer-based prenatal information continues to increase in many health facilities and settings. These newer and more sophisticated systems within these facilities and settings manage to attract the attention of the young who could have instead receive prenatal education from their home or friends. A 2006 survey found that only 25% of mothers attended childbirth classes. The majority received childbirth education through exposure to television instead of from formal prenatal classes. These trends infer the need to access health information through modern technology. Add to this, the compelling need of society itself to acquire information with speed must be a major consideration in evaluating the delivery of prenatal care and education (Thielsen).

Recruitment Practices and Theories and Evaluation -- Past and Present

Studies from past decades reveal longer gestations and heavier birth weights to mother participants in group prenatal care, the selected delivery method (Thielsen, 2012; Lornas, 1985). This signals their involvement in the changes prenatal care models are undergoing. They can be certain that group prenatal care can be reimbursed through public and… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Benefits Of Group Prenatal Care For Healthy Babies.  (2015, February 27).  Retrieved September 24, 2017, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/benefits-group-prenatal-care-healthy/3775126

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