Essay: Benefits of Physical Activity

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Exercise and Health

benefits of physical activity and exercise on one'S HEALTH

Benefits of Physical Activity and Exercise on One's Health

Benefits of Physical Activity and Exercise on One's Health

Significant evidence shows that most of the people in the current global environment spend most of their time in office work that increase their level of inactivity. Similarly, most of the young people, including children and the adolescent are at a high risk of developing nutrition and inactivity related health problems due to their inactivity. The highest rate of inactivity among the global populations has led to an increase in lifestyle related conditions and death. As such, the incidences necessitate the need for a study focusing on the factors that reduce the level of physical activity and exercise among the global populations. Above all, achieving the desired reduction in the statistics of the populations affected by physical inactivity and lack of exercise depend on the creation of global awareness on the benefits of physical activity and exercises. Creating some global awareness about the advantages of physical activity and exercise will increase the health outcomes of the global population besides reducing inactivity related health challenges. Therefore, this research paper analyzes in detail the health and individual benefits of physical activity and exercise.

Physical activity and exercising have a variety of health and individual benefits. They help an individual to control his/her weight. Significant evidence shows that the physical activity and exercise help in preventing one from gaining excess weight alongside helping in maintaining the desired body weight. The weight loss or maintenance occurs irrespective of the physical activity one engages in to achieve the desired weight loss and maintain it. According to Netz (2009), most of the inactive people face the challenge of weight gain due to the accumulation of calories from the food consumed.

Engaging in physical activity and exercises help in the burning the excess calories in the body. Reduction in the level of accumulated calories results in the reduction of the body weight alongside its maintenance. However, the success of the ability of an individual to achieve the desired weight loss or maintenance depends on the ability to adopt healthy eating styles that will reduce the amount of calories taken on a daily basis. As such, this implies that reducing the amount of calories taken helps in the realization of the desired weight reduction and maintenance. Among the exercises recommended by healthcare professionals as modes of weight reduction and maintenance include moderate exercises such as light walking to vigorous exercises including running and swimming (Tarnopolsky, 2010).

Physical activity and exercise improve the mood of an individual. When an individual exercises, the brain releases a variety of chemicals, including adrenaline, endorphins, dopamine, and serotonin. The influence of these chemicals on the body muscles brings about relaxation effects that often improve one's mood. Empirical evidence shows that the physical activity and exercise help to improve the mood among the depressed individuals. As stated by Young (2010), engaging in 30 minutes intense exercise brings similar effects as the medications used for treating mood does. As such, combining the use of exercises and medications in the management of mood and depression, provide individuals with optimum health results. A number of exercises have proven effective in improving the health and health outcomes of the depressed individuals. For example, aerobics and cardiovascular exercises improve the mood and depression of an individual. Intense aerobics and cardiovascular exercises increase the release of the above stated chemicals increasing the mood and reducing depressive symptoms. Empirical evidence has shown that yoga exercises reduce stress and tension, improving the mood and managing depression. Improving the mood and psychological status improves one's health outcomes (Netz 2009).

In addition, physical activity and exercise boost the energy requirement of one's body. Empirical evidence shows that inactive individuals report high cases of fatigue and inabilities to execute their activities of the daily living. Regular exercises and physical activity contribute to the delivery of oxygen to most of the different organs and tissues of the body. An increase in nutrients and oxygen delivery to different body tissues, enhance the produced energy content and boost the strength of these organs and tissues. Similarly, an increase in the delivery of oxygen to organs, including the lungs, kidneys, liver, and the lungs increase their functioning abilities alongside eliminating toxic wastes, hence, increased availability of energy for the body tissues and organs. Young (2010) postulate that engaging in physical activities and exercises is likely to boost an individual's energy needs significantly by approximately 65%. Moreover, physical activity and exercise stimulate the body to employ additional means of meeting the requirements of the body organs and tissues during strenuous exercises and activities. As such, engaging in regular physical activities and exercises generates the state of normalcy in the body characterized by a constant supply of adequate body energy (The Benefits, n.d.).

Regular exercise and physical activity, promote better sleep among individuals with sleep disorders and mental conditions that affect their sleep patterns. Robinson (2000) conducted a study to determine the effect of sleep on individuals suffering from insomnia showed that the physical activity and exercise improve their diagnosis from poor sleep to better sleep. It also leads to the reduction of symptoms associated with depression contributing to altered sleep patterns. The enhancement of the sleep pattern also occurs due to the enhanced vitality and a reduction of the incidence of sleep among individuals during daytime. Physical activity and exercise improve the sleep pattern of the old, by enabling them to develop better behaviors that promote their sleep. Moreover, physical activity and exercise stimulate the release of chemicals from the brain that promotes relaxation of the body muscles, hence, improving sleep. Physical activity and exercise also burn the calories that inhibit the release of the chemicals in the brain. Improved sleep pattern translates to the reduction of mood related disorders, enhanced productivity, and overall health and health outcomes of an individual (Tarnopolsky, 2010).

Research shows that the majority of the global population faces the challenges of psychological disturbances due to problems associated with their intimacy life. Regular physical activity and exercise improve one's sexual life. It enhances their physical fitness and provides energy that has a significant effect on one's physical intimacy life. Physical activity and exercise stimulate the release of hormones such as endorphins that help in relieving stress and relaxing the muscles of the body. These changes bring a reduction in the reduction of the cortisol produced by the body and increase the release of the sex hormones into the blood stream hence, enhanced sexual activity. Similarly, it also enhances the release of testosterone that fuels the bodies of the male and females and libido hence, improved sexual life and energy. It is inarguable that the physical activity and exercise are directly related to the physical fitness. The fitness enhances the functioning of the cardiovascular system that increases stamina, and libido hence, improved physical intimacy. Other ways in which physical activity and exercise improve one's sexual life include reducing stress, mood disorders, and fatigue that play a role in reducing sexual abilities and libido (Netz, 2009).

Engaging in a variety of exercises and physical activities is a fun process. It promotes the elimination of challenges associated with the activities of the daily living such as stress related to the occupation one engages in on a daily basis. Physical activities and exercises provide them with an opportunity to relieve their stress, identify new talents, and coping strategies to manage the challenges associated with their occupation. The fun nature of the exercises and physical activities contribute to the elimination of mood related disorders such as depression and release of hormones that stimulate relaxation of the body muscles. Engaging in a variety of exercises and physical activities helps one to connect with friends and family members, a factor that enhances their social lives. In addition, engaging in physical activities and exercises such as swimming also contributes to the burning the excess calories in the body hence, the reduction of the body weight and its related health complications. Significant evidence also shows that exercise and physical activity improves the health and health outcomes of the old age in the society. It improves their self-esteem, psychological disturbances, and sharpening their brainpower. These changes improve their health and activity; hence, the need for active exercises and physical activity in old age ((Medical, 1991).

Research has it that regular physical activity and exercises reduce the risks of early death across populations of all ages. Physical activities and exercises such as cycling, walking, or swimming reduces the risks of early death significantly. The prevention of premature death starts with the reduction of health complications associated with high body weight. The human body is physiologically suited to function optimally as a specific ideal body weight. As such, a slight increase in the body weight above the normal results in the development of different health conditions that predispose an individual to early death. In addition, Mitchell, Church, &… [END OF PREVIEW]

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