Biotechnology the Origins Essay

Pages: 2 (675 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 8  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Genetics

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
" (Torrey, 1922, p.72) For instance, Mendel cross-bred two pea plants, each with two sets of traits: yellow or green color and a smooth or wrinkled surface.

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From these humble beginnings, a distinct discipline of biotechnology has developed which specifically deals with the mechanisms of heredity: genetics. This development has come about primarily through the use of fermentation as an industrial mechanism. The need for a better and more efficient fermentation process led to experimentation and the introduction of industrialized biotechnology. And the use of biological agents in industry then "let to formulations of an ideal for biotechnology that has lasted to the present day, having been co-opted as the new possibilities for recombinant DNA technology came to be voiced in the late 1970's." (Hessenbruch, 2000, p.85) But the most impressive result that has developed from the work of Gregor Mendel, beside the birth of genetics and the discovery of DNA, has been the Human Genome Project (HGP). The goal of the HGP has been to use the latest DNA technology to map the entire human genome, or all of the genes that constitute human DNA. As a result of years of work, the HGP has successfully identified all of the 20 to 25 thousand genes that make up human DNA, and now uses this information for research, analysis, as well as the development of new technologies. DNA technology is only one aspect of biotechnology, but it was one of the first applications to be used by humans; even before it was fully understood. And since the work of scientists and researchers like Gregor Mendel, the study of heredity has evolved into the study of genetics, which has spawned the development of a specific branch of biotechnology called DNA technology.

References

Bateson, William. (1913). Mendel's Principles of Heredity. London: Cambridge UP.

Print.

Hessenbruch, Arne. (2000). Reader's Guide to the History of Science. Chicago, IL:

Fitzroy Dearborn. Print.

Essay on Biotechnology the Origins of Biotechnology Assignment

Pierce, Benjamin. (2012). Genetics: A Conceptual Approach. New York: W.H. Freeman.

Print.

Torrey, Ray Ethan. (1922). The Anatomy and Physiology[END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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