Blood Donation Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1637 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Communication - Journalism

¶ … New York Times is that the New York Region's blood supplies are "dangerously low." Because of a slowing down of blood donations, the New York Blood Center which is the main blood bank for New York City had reached a "five-year low" in January 2007. And the author of the article (Richard Perez-Pena) claimed that when the blood supply drops this low, there could be "life-threatening shortages."

The thesis is supported by facts; in the second paragraph, the author writes about the measures that the New York Blood Center was taking, for example it was limiting supplies of "some less common blood types" that it was sending to hospitals in the Hudson Valley, New York City, on Long Island and in Northern New Jersey. If the blood donations continue to be at a low pace, the author continued, hospitals (which depend on the blood center for all their blood supplies) may be "unable to give needed transfusions to trauma patients" and also those hospitals might be unable to provide blood to those individuals who need to have emergency surgery.

EVIDENCE: What evidence does the writer present to the reader in this article? The thesis is supported by quotes from doctors and other officials. Dr. Robert L. Jones who is president and chief executive of the New York Blood Center - a highly authoritative source for this article - said low supplies of blood in the past have made it impossible for the center to supply hospitals; "It has happened before," he said, although not very recently, "and," Dr. Jones went on, "it could happen again."Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Term Paper on Blood Donation Assignment

More evidence for this shortage is presented when the author points out that the entire greater New York region needs 2,200 blood donors each day; however, the average number of blood donors that have been giving blood to the New York Blood Center had dropped to about 1,200 a day. The president of the Greater New York Hospital Association, Kenneth E. Raske, is another authoritative source; he is quoted in the article as saying that the first thing hospitals will do to cut back on their need for blood is to "postpone elective surgery." That is, non-emergency surgeries; Raske said, "...we're not there yet, but it could be close." Raske is also quoted as saying "Everyone's aware that it's a real problem." Another important point that was made by the author is that, since this was published January 10, 2007, it was right after the holidays; it is not unusual for blood donations to fall a bit during the holidays, but this drop "...was sharper than in 2006," Perez-Pena continued.

The author went on to point out what he had been told by "officials" (though he didn't name them, and didn't need to because the reader trusts that his information will be correct); he writes that because Christmas and New Year's Day both fell on a Monday, "many people extended their three-day weekends into four-and-five-day breaks." That meant that many fewer people showed up for blood drives that the blood center has at various workplaces around the New York area.

And further, the New York Blood Center normally receives supplies of donated blood from other parts of the country "when its own reserves are low," the writer explained. But because of the way Christmas and New Year's Day happened to be on Mondays, that same problem with people not showing up for work (and hence having a chance to donate at work) existed elsewhere in the country. Compounding the problem of donation shortages in New York City was a "mysterious smell" that "pervaded much of the city..." On the first day of the New Year (January 8). People evacuated their offices by the "thousands" because nobody knew what the odor was; and the writer doesn't mention this fact, but ever since the terrorist attacks on New York City in 2001, people living in and around the city have been understandably nervous about another possible attack, and this odor was strong all over Manhattan, which caused people to not be in their offices, and not be in a mood to donate blood, a reader can safely assume. The bottom line the day of the terrible smell was that "workplace blood drives got only 30% of the expected turnout," Perez-Pena explained.

Another fact that is important to understand in this article is that in recent years, the supply of some blood types has dropped to just four or five days' worth of available blood. That is in contrast to the situation at the time this article was published, as supplies of Type O negative and Type B negative (which are types found in about 10% of the population) dropped to "less than two-days' worth."

The authoritative Dr. Jones, quoted earlier in the article, said, "Blood is perishable. A whole blood donation is only good for 42 days." Given that fairly short amount of time for blood to stay good, supplies must be "constantly replenished" according to Dr. Jones. The subject of the World Trade Center (WTC) came up in the article, as Dr. Jones stated that in the past, about 15% of the total blood donated to the blood center from Manhattan came from the workers at the World Trade Center. The blood center even had its own "donor room" in the WTC.

PARTIALITY: This article, as mentioned, was published by the New York Times, one of the most respected newspapers in America. The main news pages of a big paper like the Times are called "straight news" or "hard news" sections; that means that there should be no editorial material (opinion) in the articles; they should be written objectively and without favoring one side or another. In this case, the supply of blood for the New York area is a critical issue so the article is important to the region, and as a result it was prominently displayed where readers would be able to easily access it. But the word "partiality" suggests bias, or favoritism, and in this case that would not be applicable. The important nature of this news story makes it very relevant to New York City and the surrounding area, but it wasn't published because of any bias or prejudice.

STYLE: This article was written in typical news format; that is, much of the key information is contained in the first few paragraphs. The writer wants to give the reader a lot of the most important information first, so the reader can decide if he or she wishes to read the rest of the story, or just get the main topics of information from the first two or three paragraphs.

The story is very straight forward, and as to "stylistic devices" there really aren't any that the reader can see. Typical of news stories, the writer uses short paragraphs because it is true that short paragraphs are easier for the eye to cover than long paragraphs where there is a lot of gray. The article uses a lot of quotes from authoritative sources, but the language used in the article is not scientifically or technologically difficult for the average reader. So the style is that of a mainstream daily newspaper, and the readership of the New York Times is huge. People read it online all over the world, because it is known as a reliable source of information. In New York City, there are 8 million or more people, and many of them read the New York Times, even though there are several competing newspapers.

STRUCTURE: The story is written with the most important information presented first, and then in succeeding paragraphs and sentences the information provided is backup and in-depth material to make the story more fully understandable. This outline is effective.

ONE: The New York area is short of… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Blood Donation" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Blood Donation.  (2007, December 22).  Retrieved January 25, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Blood Donation."  22 December 2007.  Web.  25 January 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Blood Donation."  December 22, 2007.  Accessed January 25, 2021.