Term Paper: Blowback as We Begin This Discussion

Pages: 3 (1184 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Terrorism

Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
for $19.77


As we begin this discussion of Chalmers Johnson's book, Blowback, it is interesting to note that it was written in 2000, a year before the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 (9-11). This was not the first attack on the Center, and in articles written after 9-11, Johnson has maintained that the 9-11 attacks fit within the patterns he describes in his book.

Blowback' is shorthand for saying that a nation reaps what it sows, even if it does not fully understand what it has sown." It is a term used in espionage to describe unintended consequences. It can also mean retaliation as the result of actions undertaken by nations. According to Johnson, it is a term first used by the CIA "in March 1954 in a recently declassified report on the 1953 operation to overthrow the government of Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran. It is a metaphor for the unintended consequences of the U.S. government's international activities that have been kept secret from the American people." In his book, Blowback, Johnson uses the term to attempt to show that the evil nature of American foreign policy has consistently resulted in unwelcome consequences. "Military crimes, accidents, and atrocities make up only one category on the debit side of the balance sheet that the United States (U.S.) has been accumulating, especially since the Cold War." central point in Johnson's argument is that America is an empire, but not in the sense that we commonly think of as an empire..

In speaking of an "American Empire," however, I am not using the concept in these traditional senses. I am not talking about the United States' former colony in the Philippines, or about such dependent territories as Puerto Rico; nor when I use the term "imperilism" in this book do I mean the extension of one state's legal domination over another; nor do I even want to imply that imperialism must have primarily economic causes. The modern empires I have in mind normally lie concealed beneath some ideological or judicial concept - commonwealth, alliance, free world, the West, the communist bloc - that disguises the actual relationships among its members.

In Johnson's view this empire is maintained at a very high cost to people both at home and abroad. When he speaks of blowback, the danger is not just to Americans, such as in the attacks on the World Trade Center in 1993, which he attributes to our actions in the first Gulf War and support of Israel. The danger is also to other people around the world, such as the difficulties which took place in Chile after the United States assisted the military coup of Allende in September 1973.

If this incident in Chile seems vague, it is because of another part of Johnson's message, which is that most of the situations in which the U.S. has interfered in a similar clandestine manner have been kept secret from the American people. "No ordinary citizen of the United States knew anything about these machinations. The coup d'etat took place on September 11, 1973, resulting in the suicide of Allende and the seizure of power by General Augusto Pinochet." third argument that Johnson makes in his book and subsequent articles is that the military and CIA actually control the government.

Two of the most influential federal institutions are not in Washington but on the south side of the Potomac River - the Defense Department and the Central Intelligence Agency. Given their influence today, one must conclude that the government outlined in the… [END OF PREVIEW]

Two Ordering Options:

Which Option Should I Choose?
1.  Buy full paper (3 pages)Download Microsoft Word File

Download the perfectly formatted MS Word file!

- or -

2.  Write a NEW paper for me!✍🏻

We'll follow your exact instructions, guaranteed!
Chat with the writer 24/7.

Why America Cannot Leave Iraq Thesis

Extraordinary Rendition Term Paper

Equality and Diversity Essay

View 6 other related papers  >>

Cite This Term Paper:

APA Format

Blowback as We Begin This Discussion.  (2005, April 30).  Retrieved December 9, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/blowback-begin-discussion/943335

MLA Format

"Blowback as We Begin This Discussion."  30 April 2005.  Web.  9 December 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/blowback-begin-discussion/943335>.

Chicago Format

"Blowback as We Begin This Discussion."  Essaytown.com.  April 30, 2005.  Accessed December 9, 2019.