Term Paper: Bolotnikov's Rebellions

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SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] These conditions added to the rebellion.

The rebellion was also a political struggle as to who should rule Russia.

It was a revolt along with the dynastic struggle which was prevalent after the death of Tsar Boris Gudonov in the year 1605. In the year 1606, the Boyar Prince Shuisky captured his throne was being opposed to by the nobles, who were up in arms and marched forward to Moscow. The main force of their threat was the peasant movement which was led by Bolotnikov.

That Bolotnikov would place Dmitrii back on the throne and wipe out the institution of serfdom was the assurance given by him to his peasant and slave followers.

And the peasants and slaves believed in Bolotnikov and fought against feudal oppression and serfdom.

The Bolotnikov rebellion was considered as the very first civil war in Russia and the very first time when the Russians revolted against their Tsar. According to Lenin, this Bolotnikov rebellion was the highest level of class struggle in the feudal period and a prominent and defining event during this era. It was indeed the revolt of the lower sections of society against the rich and the influential. The rebellion also joined hands with the national movement against intervention and oppression.

Thus the Bolotnikov revolution was not only against the Tsra Shuysky and the owners of the land, but was against the whole system which was controlling the peasants. Thus Bolotnikov, in his public statements, called for the elimination of serfdom and raised voices against Tsar Vasili Shuysky.

The Bolotnikov revolution was the biggest ever rebellion to occur in Russia during the start of the modern era. This was considered so in terms of the number of men involved, on the basis of the vast area of territory involved and the immense threat raised against the State. Chester S.L. Dunning also considered the rebellion to be the most powerful uprising before the 20th century to occur in Russia.

According to Lenin, this Bolotnikov rebellion was the highest level of class struggle in the feudal period and a prominent and defining event during this era.

However the revolution did not succeed owing to a lack of unity among the traitor noble leaders in Bolotnikov's ranks. Thus the dignity shattered the Bolotnikov revolution both from inside and outside, again strengthening the unfaithful and selfish ways of the nobility.

The rebellion failed due to the naive monarchism of the Russian peasants and due to the lack of backing from the proletarians. It also failed when the nobles who feared that the peasants who fight for more increased freedom would reduce their authority, moved over to the opposition side. Further the movement became a failure due to the less knowledge of maintenance and management of the army of rebels by Bolotnikov.

Conclusion:

To conclude, there are some times in the history of any nation when it is troubled through internecine conflicts. Bolotnikov revolt should not be disregarded as being naive or as being reactionary, but need to be considered as a revolution which was spontaneous and progressive revolt of the oppressed sections of society that affected feudal society and gave a serious jolt to the serf system, encouraging an eventual quick movement from feudalism to capitalism.

Annotated Bibliography

Burg, David. F. A World History of Tax Rebellions. Leiden, New York, and Cologne E.J. Brill, 1996. p. 189

This book while discussing about the history of Tax Rebellions informs about the Bolotnikov rebellion which was also partly an uprising against the burden of compulsory labor services. This information about the Bolotnikov rebellion is available from the annotated Bibliography section of the book.

Dunning, Chester S.L. Russia's First Civil War: The Time of Troubles and the Founding of the Romanov Dynasty. PennsylvaniaStateUniversityPress. 2001. p. 8

This is a book which informs us about Russia's civil war during the 1600's. The book touches on all aspects of the Time of Troubles and provides information on the Bolotnikov rebellion. It informs us about the peasant and political uprising that the revolution brought about.

Hardy, Jeffrey S. The Time of Troubles: Causation, Class Warfare, and Conflicting Interpretations. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://history.byu.edu/phialphatheta/thetean/Russiantime.pdf

Here we get an understanding regarding the causes, class war and the various different interpretations with regard to the Bolotnikov rebellion. We can find some relevant information about the Bolotnikov rebellion over here.

III. Hitler, Germany, and the Holocaust: Some Russian history. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://www.bedfordgaol.com/part3.html

Here we get an understanding about the book Russian Rebels: 1600-1800 by Paul Avrich who makes several comments regarding the origins, leadership, and events of the pre-revolutionary peasant rebellions in Russia including the Bolotnikov rebellion that was important and made way to the rise and fall of Hitler.

Ivan Bolotnikov. Accessed 15 September 2005; available from http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/i/iv/ivan_bolotnikov.htm

This is a write up about Bolotnikov.

Ivan Isaevich. 2005. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://www.arthistoryclub.com/art_history/Ivan_Bolotnikov

This website provides us brief information about the life and activities of Bolotnikov till his death.

Kamen, Henry Arthur Francis. Early Modern European Society. Routledge (UK). 2000. p. 143

This book while mentioning about the various rebellions, mentions about the Bolotnikov rebellion which took place in 1606-1607. It mentions that the peasant rebellion coincided with the political struggle for power after the death of Tsar Boris Gudonov.

Slavery. Accessed 15 September 2005; available from http://search.eb.com/Blackhistory/article.do?nKeyValue=109538

This is an article providing information about serfs.

Slavery. Accessed 15 September 2005; available from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/aaworld/reference/articles/slavery.html

The main reason for the rebellion was the condition of the serfs and they were very similar to slaves. This is again another article that provides details about serfs.

The False Dmitris. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://russia.nypl.org/history2/false.html

In this website we are provided with information regarding the false Dmittris wherein we get to know about the events that led to the Isaevich Bolotnikov rebellion.

Hardy, Jeffrey S. The Time of Troubles: Causation, Class Warfare, and Conflicting Interpretations. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://history.byu.edu/phialphatheta/thetean/Russiantime.pdf

The False Dmitris. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://russia.nypl.org/history2/false.html

The False Dmitris. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://russia.nypl.org/history2/false.html

Jeffrey S. Hardy. The Time of Troubles: Causation, Class Warfare, and Conflicting Interpretations. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://history.byu.edu/phialphatheta/thetean/Russiantime.pdf

Ivan Bolotnikov. Accessed 15 September 2005; available fromhttp://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/i/iv/ivan_bolotnikov.htm

Slavery. Accessed 15 September 2005; available fromhttp://www.pbs.org/wnet/aaworld/reference/articles/slavery.html

Slavery. Accessed 15 September 2005; available fromhttp://www.pbs.org/wnet/aaworld/reference/articles/slavery.html

Slavery. Accessed 15 September 2005; available fromhttp://search.eb.com/Blackhistory/article.do?nKeyValue=109538

Slavery. Accessed 15 September 2005; available fromhttp://search.eb.com/Blackhistory/article.do?nKeyValue=109538

III. Hitler, Germany, and the Holocaust: Some Russian history. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://www.bedfordgaol.com/part3.html

David. F. Burg. A World History of Tax Rebellions. Leiden, New York, and Cologne E.J. Brill, 1996. p. 189

David. F. Burg. A World History of Tax Rebellions. Leiden, New York, and Cologne E.J. Brill, 1996. p. 189

Ivan Isaevich. 2005. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://www.arthistoryclub.com/art_history/Ivan_Bolotnikov

Henry Arthur Francis Kamen. Early Modern European Society. Routledge (UK). 2000. p. 143

Jeffrey S. Hardy. The Time of Troubles: Causation, Class Warfare, and Conflicting Interpretations. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://history.byu.edu/phialphatheta/thetean/Russiantime.pdf

Chester S.L. Dunning. Russia's First Civil War: The Time of Troubles and the Founding of the Romanov Dynasty. PennsylvaniaStateUniversityPress. 2001. p. 8

David. F. Burg. A World History of Tax Rebellions. Leiden, New York, and Cologne E.J. Brill, 1996. p. 189

Chester S.L. Dunning. Russia's First Civil War: The Time of Troubles and the Founding of the Romanov Dynasty. PennsylvaniaStateUniversityPress. 2001. p. 8

Jeffrey S. Hardy. The Time of Troubles: Causation, Class Warfare, and Conflicting Interpretations. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://history.byu.edu/phialphatheta/thetean/Russiantime.pdf

Jeffrey S. Hardy. The Time of Troubles: Causation, Class Warfare, and Conflicting Interpretations. Accessed 1 October 2005; available from http://history.byu.edu/phialphatheta/thetean/Russiantime.pdf [END OF PREVIEW]

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