Boyhood, Organized Sports Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1089 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Sports


Another area that Messner focused on was the relationship between boys and their fathers; whether they had one or didn't have one and the impact either of those circumstances had on the decisions made to enter sports and how that has manifested in their adult life. An early commitment to organized sports and the concept of the male identity was explored within the literature as well. Another area that Messner focused on was the notion of conditional self-worth and the impact and structure of competition. What seems to have been determined in the examination of the literature on this particular subject is that although boys tend to find close bonds with other boys within the context of organized sports, oftentimes the pressure associated with performance and the pressure to win frequently undermines the relationships that are fostered there. Competition between potential friends creates comparisons and contrasts as to skills, acceptance and performance that undermine the closeness and friendships. Moreover, much of the pressure comes from the adults that are a part of the organized sports process. The adults desire to be better than and to win at all costs significantly undermines the boyhood goals of partnership and close peer cohort bonds. These kinds of notions have led to differentiation in the status of one athlete over the other and serve as a means of laying the foundation for competition through adulthood.

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TOPIC: Term Paper on Boyhood, Organized Sports, and the Assignment

Messner notes that instead of sports being just an opportunity for ethnic minority boys to have a place of athletic expression, it became the place where the very essence of manhood and masculinity were ultimately defined. For many of them the pressures associated with organized sports served to frame their ideas and ideals about masculinity and if the experience was negative, significantly impacted their male perspective and view on the world thus impacting the majority of their relationships and how they developed. This is of course in comparison to the other group of mostly white males who were able because of socioeconomic strata and family dynamics to use organized sports as a place to develop their athletic prowess as opposed to seeking male role models and examples of masculinity.

Messner posits several questions or hypotheses that he determines to answer through the aforementioned study. The answers to those questions are within the body of the information provided however, the reader is required to glean some of the information rather than it being stated outright. He does not state specifically or identify specifically within the article that this is the independent and dependent variable or that this is the methodology that I used or even talk a great deal about the theoretical framework through which his study is completed. The reader is required then to have some sense of what a quantitative vs. qualitative study construct looks like and be able to identify the study related factors and variables on their own. Messner does offer some general answers to the questions he posed and attributes much of what he learned during the process of the study to the social constructs and socialization of boys through organized sports. He does make clear delineations between racial and ethnic participants and how they have faired differently within organized sports from boyhood to manhood.

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How to Cite "Boyhood, Organized Sports" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Boyhood, Organized Sports.  (2012, June 21).  Retrieved September 18, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Boyhood, Organized Sports."  21 June 2012.  Web.  18 September 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Boyhood, Organized Sports."  June 21, 2012.  Accessed September 18, 2021.