Budgetary Politics the United States Term Paper

Pages: 18 (5817 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 12  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Sports - Drugs


While the program is aimed at destroying crops that produce illegal substances, on another front it is also responsible for the destruction of a large quantity of legitimate crops and livestock that are the chief providers of revenue to the Colombian people.

It has also been reported that the chemical being used in the process, Roundup Ultra, has made many people, especially children, sick with respiratory, skin and gastrointestinal diseases. Roundup Ultra is being manufactured by the renowned chemical giant Monsanto. It is the very same company that manufactured the infamous Agent Orange that was used in operations by the United States armed forces in Vietnam. The United States government being the chief buyer of Roundup Ultra spends millions of dollars acquiring it. Despite all efforts to contain the drug trade and proliferation, not a great deal has been achieved in curtailing the process back in the United States. This means that all the money and resources that are being exhausted in fighting the drug war is more of a waste than a measure that yields concrete results. (U.S. RI: Edu Column: What are we fighting for?)

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The National Drug Control Policy of the United States formulated by the President of the United States and his administration is the foremost framework that oversees drug control programs and measures that are put in place. The National Drug Control Strategy for the year 2003 outlines a very ambitious and determined plan to reduce drug usage and proliferation by 10% over a period of two years and by 25% over a span of three years. It is also based on a new initiative funding of $600 million over a period of three years which aims at expanding contact to substance abuse treatment and at the very same time driving a renewed sense of accountability into the entire system. For the fiscal year 2004 the National Drug Control Strategy, proposes a budget of $11.7 billion aimed at drug control.

TOPIC: Term Paper on Budgetary Politics the United States Assignment

This latest budget is aimed at adhering to the Drug Control Strategy's three foremost priorities which are thus; stopping drug use before it starts Healing America's drug users and Disrupting the widespread drug market. This ambitious plan is intended to merge national leadership with community-level action to win the war on drugs. The President's budget thus backs up this goal with a $10 million increase in funding for the expanded Drug-Free Communities Support Program, along with providing $5 million for a new Parents Drug Corps. While there are new methods and measures in place, one can observe the increased funding allocation despite not having achieved many concrete results in the past.

It is ridiculous to assume that increased spending can aid to arresting the proliferation of drugs and their usage. Among other things, the strategy also calls for measures such as student drug testing in communities where parents and teachers consider them to be appropriate. A funding allocation for this program has been made at $8 million for the fiscal year 2004. In total, for the year 2004, the United States administration proposes $3.6 billion for drug treatment. This figure is an increase of 8.2% of that which was spent in the year 2003. In addition to this allocation, the fiscal year 2004 request includes a fresh funding of $200 million ($600 million over three years) for a program known as Recovery Now.

This program is aimed at providing drug treatment to people who may not be able to avail the programs already in place. While this can be regarded as a community assistance program, it is doubtless that the measure imposes a huge financial burden on the administrations funding mechanism and the exchequer of the United States. A further $2.1 billion for drug interdiction has been proposed in order to achieve border security and curtail influx. This is an increase of 7.3% from 2003. Apart from all the above, the Administration has put in a request for an additional funding of $731 million in dedicated funds in the year 2004 for the proposed Andean Counter-drug Initiative (ACI) to be applied in countries such as Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. An aggregate of all the requests put together may well exceed a few billion dollars. It is quite puzzling to note the legitimacy of this extravagant and at times exaggerated funding policy. (The National Drug Control Strategy)

Given below are two tables outlining the current administration's spending.

Table #4: National Drug Control Budget Summary. Drug Control Funding: Agency Summary. FY 2002-FY 2004 (Budget Authority in Millions).

Particulars / Departments in detail

FY 2002


FY 2003


FY 2004


Department of Defence (1)

Department of Education

Dept. Of Health & Human Services

National Institute on Drug Abuse

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services


Total, HHS

Department of Homeland


Border and Transportation Security (2)

U.S. Coast Guard

Total, DHS

Department of Justice

Bureau of Prisons

Drug Enforcement Administration

Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement (3)

Office of Justice Programs

Total, DOJ

Office of National Drug Control Policy


High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Program

Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center

Other Federal

Drug Control Programs

Total, ONDCP

Department of State

Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement


Department of Veterans Affairs

Veterans Health Administration

Presidential Initiatives (4)

Total, Federal Drug Budget


1) Department of Defence: The FY 2003 funding level for the Department of Defense reflects enacted appropriations.

2) Border and Transportation Security: Drug Control components displayed includes the U.S. Customs Service and the Border Patrol.

3) Interagency Crime and Drug Enforcement: The FY 2004 Budget proposes the merger of the Treasury ICDE account into Justice's ICDE account. This merger is reflected in a retrospective manner.

4) Other Presidential initiatives: This includes $5 million for the Corporation for National Service's Parents Drug Corps beginning in FY 2003 and $3 million for SBA's Drug-Free Workplace programs for all three fiscal years.

Source: Office of National Drug Control Policy - National Drug Control Strategy, The United States of America](The National Drug Control Strategy)

Table #5: Federal Drug Control Spending By Function. FY 2002-FY 2004. (Budget Authority in Millions)

FY 2002


FY 2003


FY 2004


FY 03-FY 04



Treatment (w / Research)


Prevention (w / Research)


Domestic Law Enforcement






Supply / Demand Split:





Footnote: Detail may not add to totals due to rounding

Source: Office of National Drug Control Policy - National Drug Control Strategy, The United States of America]

The above tables indicate a very sharp rise in funding of existing and newly created programs aimed at drug control. There are marked differences in percentages when compared to previous years. The administrations are bent upon increasing funding of the program and add new courses that are aimed to broaden the fight against drugs on different forefronts. While there have been extensive requests and their responses being extremely favourable, one wonders if there is any requirement of the extensively added list of functions and portfolios at all in the very first place. Apart from creating a sense of extreme urgency and widespread danger that needs to be addressed with no loss of time and resources, very little tangible results are known to have been achieved as a result of all these elaborately planned and funded operations.

All these long lists that have been created in the cozy comfort of the administration's stronghold are no doubt aimed at strengthening national security and addressing threats that are in fact detrimental to the American economy and society alike. With congressional appropriation subcommittees and other regulatory bodies sanctioning an increase in funds with the change of a fiscal year, one is forced to wonder if at all there has been an element of decadence in all these elaborate and sophisticated agenda of the government. Questions related to the massive failure of operations and the administration's inability to contain drug usage question the legitimacy of extended and increased funding.

While the administration calls for increased and renewed funding of its efforts on the war on drugs a look at some truly startling figures proves beyond doubt the ulterior motive of the people who run the government. A study has indicated that virtually every part of the federal government has benefited extensively due to the increased funding under the banner 'War on Drugs.' It seems that the annual average budget allocation of $20 billion goes along way and has extensive aims other than mere fighting off drug trafficking, proliferation and usage. The United States and the administration have an allocated annual spending of $50 billion on prisons.

It is estimated that a quarter of all prisoners are drug related offenders. Every year courts across the United States force more than 20,000 people into drug treatment programs. Statistics indicate that 37% of all drug treatments are warranted by the courts. Furthermore, 51.7% of marijuana treatment admissions are directed by the courts. While a staggering amount of $5.9 billion is being put… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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