Bullying Extend Beyond School Grounds? Various Studies Research Paper

Pages: 3 (1281 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Children

¶ … Bullying Extend Beyond School Grounds?

Various studies conclude that bullying has various forms, such as physical, verbal, relationship, and now a new form is added that includes cyberbullying. All forms of bullying affect the adolescent both psychologically and academically. In the study conducted by Juvonen and Gross, two hypotheses were conclusive that when controlling for the time spent online (ie, opportunity to get targeted), repeated school-based bullying experiences would increase the probability of becoming a target of repeated online bullying. Additionally, an overlap among targets of, and the similarities between, online and in-school bullying exists among Internet-using adolescents. With the prevalence of cyberbullying, the schools need to take responsibility to address such a serious issue. Enforcing tolerance and training may ameliorate the issue and encourage sensitivity. Therefore, the ever-pressing challenge is the prevention and intervention efforts that require 360-degree approach: families, students, schools, and the community.

Research Analysis: Does Bullying Extend Beyond School Grounds?

Research Problem:

The research questions posed are the following:

1. Does the use -- or relatively heavy use -- of any specific electronic tool or communication method (eg, IM, chat rooms) might place youth at additional risk for repeated online victimization?

2. Is there distress associated with cyberbullying?

3. How prevalent is the anonymity of online harassment?

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4. Is there a correlation between in-school bullying and cyberbullying, whereby harassment extends beyond the school grounds?

5. Why is there a low frequency of reporting incidents to adults?

6. What methods afforded by electronic communication technology (eg, switching screen names or blocking someone from a buddy list) are used to prevent further online intimidation?

Two-Fold Hypotheses:

1. When controlling for the time spent online (ie, opportunity to get targeted), repeated school-based bullying experiences would increase the probability of becoming a target of repeated online bullying.

Research Paper on Bullying Extend Beyond School Grounds? Various Studies Assignment

2. An overlap among targets of, and the similarities between, online and in-school bullying exists among Internet-using adolescents.

Literature Review / Theoretical Framework:

The field of knowledge addresses the educational arena. Hence, this study investigates the relationship of in-school bullying and cyberbullying among Internet-using adolescents between the ages of 12-17. The purpose of the research is to analyze the overlap or correlation of bullying extending the beyond the school campus. From the literature review, four key points and the cited studies that support the subject are as follows:

Key Point 1: Bullying entails emotional or physical intimidation is associated with a number of mental health problems and is considered a major public health concern facing youth.

Cited Study: Nansel TR, Overpeck M, Pilla RS, Ruan WJ, Simons-Morton B, Scheidt P. Bullying behaviors among U.S. youth: prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment. JAMA. 2001; 285: 2094-2100.

Juvonen J, Graham S, Schuster MA. Bullying among young adolescents: the strong, the weak, and the troubled. Pediatrics. 2003; 112:1231-1237.

Key Point 2: Approximately one third of the victims of cyberbullying were threatened or embarrassed because information was sent or posted about them to others. Hence, at least some cyberbullying tactics capitalize on the particular features of online communication technology. Additionally, steep increase in reported incidents across the past five years documented in the latest Youth Internet Safety Survey (YISS-210) is a reason for concern.

Cite Study: Ybarra ML, Mitchell KJ, Wolak J, Finkelhor D. Examining characteristics and associated distress related to Internet harassment: findings from the second Youth Internet Survey. Pediatrics. 2006; 118:1169-1177.

Key Point 3: Youth can avoid receiving messages from alleged bullies by blocking their screen names or restricting their buddy lists to their closest friends. Study demonstrated that a majority of youth appears to be familiar with these tactics that ought to reduce or stop persistent harassment.

Cited Study: Li Q. New bottle but old wine: a research of cyberbullying in schools. Comput Human Behav. 2007; 23:1777-1791.

Key Point 4: Surprisingly, research indicated that one third of the seventh graders were bullied… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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