Bullying Proposal Term Paper

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¶ … national phenomenon of bullying must be considered across individual, family, peer, school, and community contexts. Because bullying tends to perpetuate itself, formulating and implementing effective bullying prevention and intervention programs demands an understanding of the environment that establishes and maintains it. Based on reports of bullying at Arthur County Schools in Arthur, Nebraska, an ethnographic research of this problem will be conducted to identify causes and possible interventions. The participants in the study are 11 seventh grade students, five girls and six boys, who were involved with the bully/victim dyad during the previous year. The instruments used were a bullying questionnaire to compare victimization and emotional status of the participants and the Iowa Test of Basic Skills to assess academic performance. A synthesis of the results of the interviews and statistical results of the Iowa Tests will be made to identify any relationship between bullying / victimization and academic performance.

Problem statement and research questions

Problem background

Definition of the problem

Proposed solution

Educational significance

Research questions

Literature Review

Statement of hypothesis and rationale

Methodology

Data analysis

Description of media and materials

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Proposal: Identifying and Administering Effective Bullying Interventions Programs

Problem statement and research questions

Problem background

Term Paper on Bullying Proposal Assignment

To date, just one large-scale study on bullying in the United States has been conducted; in this study by Nansel, Overpeck, Pilla, Ruan, Simons-Morton, & Scheidt (2001), 15,686 6th-through 10th-grade students were requested to complete surveys on bullying. Of these respondents, 29.9% reported moderate to frequent involvement in bullying when they were assessed in 1998. Of this 29.9% reporting bullying instances, 13% identified themselves as the bullies involved, 10.6% self-identified as victims, and 6.3% self-identified as bully-victims. These researchers determined that bullying behaviors typically took place more often in middle school than in high school, and boys were more likely than girls to be involved in bullying (Nansel et al., 2001). Further, the bully-victims identified in this study exhibited the most pervasive negative psychosocial outcomes and there were no differences in bullying across urban, suburban, and rural areas (Nansel et al., 2001). These same trends are evident even in small schools such as Arthur County Schools where bullying situations have become evident over the past several months within the seventh grade class. Two students, one male and one female have reported incidents of being bullied. The bullying thus far has been mostly verbal with taunting, teasing and some exclusion but "accidental" bumping and kicking under the table have also been reported.

Definition of the problem

The academic performance of one male victim in particular has dropped one grade equivalent. His teachers are reporting that he has become distracted and does not complete his work on time. He will often make remarks that are not pertinent to the discussion and has chosen to move to a seat in the back of the classroom away from the other students. In looking through his K. through 6 records it appears that this student has done above average work in the past and no significant problems were recorded. The female victim's academic performance has not declined but she has elected to not participate in athletic activities this semester. Her teachers report that she hurries through her work and sits quietly reading even when there are opportunities to interact with the other students at the end of the class.

Proposed solution

An ethnographic research of this problem will be conducted within a classroom at Arthur County Schools to identify possible interventions to the current incidence of bullying and to prevent recurrences in the future.

Educational significance

By all accounts, bullying is prevalent in schools nationwide. In a publication from the National Association of School Psychologists, Cohn and Canter reported "in a study of over 15,000 6th through 10th graders that approximately 3.7 million youths engage in, and more than 3.2 million are victims of, moderate or serious bullying each year" (2003, p.1). According to the National Center for Educational Statistics, "in 2005 about 28% of students reported they had been bullied at school during the last 6 months" (2007). The victims of bullies are often unable to concentrate on their school work because of fear and anxiety due to the relentlessness of their antagonists. Many victims also avoid school and have high rates of absenteeism. "As many as 7% of America's eighth graders stay home at least once a… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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