Business Cycles and Economic Outlook Essay

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Business Cycles and Economic Outlook

It is not so easy to define recession as there is no universally agreed definition of recession. The common definition of recession that is often used by newspapers will suggest that recession is a period of general economic decline that causes and results in decline in the Gross Domestic Product of a country for two or more consecutive economic quarters of a financial year.

The typical associated consequences of recession are a drop in the stock market graph, an increase in unemployment rate and a decline in realty sector. Yet, the definition does not emphasize on any such consequences and hence it cannot be termed as a universal definition of recession. Furthermore, with this definition of recession that depends on two quarters of financial year, it is very difficult to mention the exact point of time of the beginning of recession. That is, recession remains a mystery.

Right since January 2008, non-financial companies and individuals were experiencing liquidity crunch and that resulted in job cuts. By September 2008, the average job loss of USA for the eight months was 81,900 job cuts per month, during the last four months, it was 483,500 per month. With job losses, consumer spending fell by 3.8% in the three quarters of 2008 and in fourth quarter it fell by 36% below the final quarter of 2007.The National Bureau of Economic Research's Business Cycle Dating Committee declared that the U.S. economy is in recession since January 2008 (Strauss; Engel, 2009).Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Essay on Business Cycles and Economic Outlook Assignment

According to the media pundits and mainstream economists, the cause of a recession is the tight money policies and raised interest rates by the Central government that results in liquidity crunch and causes job cuts, declining consumer spending and hence a recession (Cochran, 2001). They thus support that stimulating the economy with easy money, governmental loans, huge stimulus packages and lowering interest rates may help the economy in bringing the boom again. The idea suggests that the Market cycles of Boom and Burst originates from the central bank action of expanding the money flow in the market and contracting it. The idea is absolutely flawed and this can be easily seen with the failure of the economic stimulus given by the Bush government and supported by the new government of Obama.

It should be clear that a burst or a recession occurs because there was a boom in market. A boom obviously is the period when an economic sector is unnecessarily provided easy loans, higher profits and more support by the authorities and central government to cause high rise in prices that creates a false demand in the market and causes inflation. That is, the downturn, or the depression or the recession is exactly because of the Central bank, not because it started tightening the financial sources, rather it is because of mal-investment initiated by previously created credit resulting from central bank (Cochran, 2001).

Mainstream economists also suggest that the market will recover and the prices will inflate again if further easy money is provided through government spending, ridiculously huge stimulus packages and other similar tactics. They believe that by doing so, the stock market will again start rising high. Yet, with all economic stimulus provided, stocks as a broad group are down since last ten years (Browning, 2009). That is, economic stimulus and credit policies of Central bank failed since last 10 years.

It is also important to understand the reason of liquidity crunch. A liquidity crunch occurs only when the present amount of money in the market, which is nothing but a means of exchange, is mal-invested in those sectors that are facing false demand or boom. Since the money was mal-invested in supplying the false demand, it gets trapped. Lenders don't get their loan back and they suffer liquidity crunch. Thus, the reason of a recession is the easy credit policies by the government and central bank that causes Boom in the market. When the wrong policies of… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Business Cycles and Economic Outlook" Essay in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Business Cycles and Economic Outlook.  (2010, June 24).  Retrieved November 25, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Business Cycles and Economic Outlook."  24 June 2010.  Web.  25 November 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"Business Cycles and Economic Outlook."  June 24, 2010.  Accessed November 25, 2020.