Canada as Bothwell Points Out Essay

Pages: 4 (1189 words)  ·  Style: Chicago  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Native Americans

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The efforts did not pay off entirely, but patriarchy was generally a well-established political, economic, and social institution in the colonies.

All of the inherent problems with colonialism and patriarchy caused New France to be in a "precarious" situation.

Dismissal of Iroquois and other Native peoples as inferior was the European modus operandi in the New World. Historiography proves that "self-laudatory accounts of explorers such as Jacques Cartier or Samuel de Champlain, or the missionary propaganda of the Recollet and Jesuit orders" offer at best an incomplete picture of the formation of French Canada.

It has even been assumed that "the Indians had no history of their own or that what history they did have consisted solely of their reactions to European colonization," in spite of evidence that "the history of New France prior to 1665 was overwhelmingly shaped by the Indians."

The Native peoples facilitated the French colonization of Canada via their geographic knowledge and yet their contributions were subsumed by xenophobia and a persistent sense of cultural superiority.

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That xenophobia and cultural superiority continue to inform French domestic policy, and to a lesser degree, Canada's too. Throughout Canadian history, the interests and rights of the First Nations have been trampled upon. The residential schools for Fist Nations people are only one of many examples of how European hegemony can be a destructive rather than constructive force in nation building. In Old France, issues of citizenship plague the credibility of the republic as the rights of Muslim men and women are affronted regularly. The banning of the niqab is one example of how European hegemony continues to underwrite political policy.

Essay on Canada as Bothwell Points Out, Assignment

Moreover, the French settlers in New France, with the aid of religious organizations including the Catholic Church and the Jesuits, used the Native peoples as a means by which to assert moral and cultural superiority. The systematic resistance among Iroquois against the French came after years of struggle, and not even in response to cultural hegemony. Many of the Iroquois wars were due to unfavorable alliances with other Native groups. As the fur trade waned, proving less profitable, New France turned its attention on the English. Both colonial powers took full advantage of the First Nations by imposing European social norms and hierarchies that have no place in a democratic society.

References

Bothwell, Robert. Canada and Quebec: One Country Two Histories. UBC, 1998.

Francis, R. Douglas, Jones, Richard, and Smith, Donald B. Origins: Canadian History to Confederation. 6th Edition. Cengage. 2010.

Francis, R. Douglas, Jones, Richard, and Smith, Donald B. Journeys: A History of Canada. 6th Edition. Cengage. 2010.

Greer, Allan. The People of New France. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.

Mann, Susan. Dream of Nation. McGill-Queen, 2002.

Ouellet, Fernand, Louis-Joseph Papineau: A Divided Soul, Canadian Historical Association Booklets Volume 11.

Trigger, Bruce G., The Indians and the Heroic Age of New France, Canadian Historical Association Volume 30.

Robert Bothwell, Canada and Quebec: One Country Two Histories. UBC, 1998, 7.

Susan Mann. Dream of Nation. McGill-Queen, 2002, 4.

Susan Mann, Dream of Nation 4

Douglas Francis, Richard Jones, and Donald B. Smith. Journeys: A History of Canada. 6th Edition. Cengage. 2010, 76.

Douglas R. Francis, Richard Jones, and Donald B. Smith, Journeys: A History of Canada, 77.

Allan Greer. The People of New France. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003, 62.

Allan Greer. The People of New France. 63

Susan Mann, Dream of Nation. McGill-Queen, 2002, 5.

Bruce G. Trigger. The Indians and… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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APA Style

Canada as Bothwell Points Out.  (2011, April 17).  Retrieved January 26, 2021, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/canada-bothwell-points-out/178787

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"Canada as Bothwell Points Out."  17 April 2011.  Web.  26 January 2021. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/canada-bothwell-points-out/178787>.

Chicago Style

"Canada as Bothwell Points Out."  Essaytown.com.  April 17, 2011.  Accessed January 26, 2021.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/canada-bothwell-points-out/178787.