Research Paper: Canada Land Management World Wildlife

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[. . .] This speech was specifically made in Nova Scotia, but it is a statement of the mission of the entire organization. This is actually a goal of the organization as a whole and not just that which is active in Canada. One of the main reasons that this is such a concern in Canada is because the boreal forests in the nation supply such large amounts of oxygen to the rest of the world. Therefore, the management of the boreal forests is an international issue instead of just a national one (Wilson, 2003).

The maintenance of these boreal forests (Appendix A) is important to both humans and animal life, so the main goal of the organization is to minimize intrusion into the forests by human industry. Many interests such as agriculture, oil, other forms of energy, forestry, and others are interested in these vast forests. The problem is that too much use by humans can quickly damage the sustainability of these forests. The government has set a certain standard of harvesting the forests by which they can easily be maintained in their present condition, at least that is the argument. There can be no argument that the logging companies who use the land replant it when they are done, but the new trees will take decades to reach the height and usability of the harvested trees. Wildlife that used the area may permanently leave because the trees which are replanted are often different than the native species. It is only important to the logging companies that they replace the trees, not that they actually grow or are the of the original species. The original trees are a large mixture of deciduous and evergreen, but since evergreen trees grow more quickly and need less maintenance they are the ones that are planted. However, this meets the statutes that the government has implemented.

The World Wildlife Fund's policy is to have the forests remain pristine, but the government has to allow all citizens use of the resource, so loggers are allowed to harvest a certain amount of the forest. This being the case, the WWF -- Canada seeks to minimize the impact of the logging of the forests by mandating that the logging companies replant the same species that grew their originally. Canada's harvest volume has decreased over the past few decades because of intervention from the World Wildlife Fund -- Canada, but they have not been able to get the government to mandate new planting regulations (WWF -- Canada, 2012). The reason that this is important is that the original species provide more biodiversity and a greater volume of helpful elements that are spread throughout the world. The case then concerns the fact that the Canadian government has made some strides in the right direction due to successful lobbying by the WWF -- Canada, but these have not been as widespread as is necessary for sustainable management throughout the system.

Aim Analysis

The goals of both the government and the World Wildlife Fund -- Canada have ben stated clearly, and they are divergent in some areas, but there is progress being made. The government has made it a priority to protect large tracts of land, and, if the lands are public, to use means of certification that are attractive to consumers. Presently there are almost 3,000 "national parks, national wildlife areas, migratory bird sanctuaries, Ramsar sites, ecological reserves, wilderness wildlife areas and provincial parks" (Lemieux & Scott, 2005). These areas help to preserve the habitat of indigenous species by steeply curtailing recreational and industrial use.

One major way that the government is protecting land is by certifying it through a process that is rigorous, but gives the certified agency a much more saleable product in the current sales environment. One of the companies that has worked to have all its managed forests certified is Tembec. The company worked with the government and WWF -- Canada to have five million acres of managed timber certified in 2003 (WWF-Canada, 2003). At the time of the certification a WWF spokesperson said "Consumers around the world increasingly want to be assured that the products they buy have the least possible impact on the environment. The Gordon Cosens Forest certification will generate a range of FSC-certified wood and paper products allowing consumers to make an environmentally-friendly choice" (WWF -- Canada, 2003). These managed forest are part of the impact that WWF -- Canada has made.

There have also been policy gains by WWF -- Canada with regard to energy gathering, especially in areas in the North. The organization has accomplished its goal of working with local and national government to minimize the impact of proposed projects like oil pipelines (Canada News Wire, 2006). The WWF-Canada has also been instruments in helping to gain new lands for the parks system which means that the lands are protected and managed to strict standards (Dearden & Dempsey, 2004).

Conclusion

The reason that the World Wildlife Fund became involved in the first place was because the government was not doing enough to protect lands in Canada's boreal forests and elsewhere. The policies of the government show what has been accomplished by organizations such as WWF -- Canada, and others like it. The case shows what has been done, and what the goals of WWF -- Canada are, but it also shows the disconnect between the government and the environmental organization. It can be said that the government has worked slowly because it has many issues to consider, and there are many lobbies that affect it, but it is apparent that while the government is acting with deliberateness Canada's lands are going unmanaged. The strides that WWF -- Canada has tried to make, according to the case, are profound and would have the effect of limiting the abuse of lands, so it seems that the policies of the government would change to meet those as quickly as possible. The logic of the stance alone should dictate this. Unfortunately, there is still work to be done because there are still gaps between government and true sustainability practices.

References

Belfontaine, T., Haley, J., & Cantin, B. (2010). Exploring the role of the Canadian government in integrated land management. PRI Publication: Sustainable Development. Retrieved March 27, 2012 from http://www.horizons.gc.ca/doclib/2010-0038-eng.pdf

Bickis, L.M.B. (2008). Improving strategy for the Canadian wildlife service: A comparative study with the parks Canada agency and the department of fisheries and oceans. University of Waterloo (Canada)). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, http://search.proquest.com/docview/304811361?accountid=11233

Canadian Council of Forest Ministers. (2010). Integrated forest land use planning. Retrieved March 27, 2012 from http://www.sfmcanada.org/english/pdf/LandPlan_FS_Eng.pdf

Dearden, P., & Dempsey, J. (2004). Protected areas in Canada: Decade of change. Canadian Geographer, 48(2), 225-239. http://search.proquest.com/docview/228314163?accountid=11233

Lemieux, C.J., & Scott, D.J. (2005). Climate change, biodiversity conservation and protected area planning in canada. Canadian Geographer, 49(4), 384-399. http://search.proquest.com/docview/228303375?accountid=11233

Ministry of Natural Resources Canada. (2012). Ontario's forest policy and laws. Retrieved March 27, 2012 from http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Business/Forests/2ColumnSubPage/STEL02_1638 61.html

Nova Scotia Public Lands Coalition (NSPLC). (2003). World Wildlife Fund endorses NSPLC "hotspots." Retrieved March 28, 2012 from http://publicland.ca/news/031123.html

Sierra Systems. (2004). Integrating land management practices. Retrieved March 29, 2012 from http://www.sierrasystems.com/Documents/Library/Government/ILR%20CLSR%2 0 Integration%20Success%20Story.pdf

Wilson, J. (2003). "Internation-alization" and the conservation of Canada's boreal ecosystems. Canadian-American Public Policy, 56, 1-27.

World Wildlife Fund-Canada. (2012). About us. Retrieved March 26, 2012 from http://wwf.ca/about_us/

World Wildlife Fund-Canada. (2003). Tembec's five-million-acre forest certification is the largest in Canadian history. Retrieved March 27, 2012 from http://wwf.ca/newsroom/?1181

WWF-Canada supports northerners wishes to protect land first.(2006, Feb 21). Canada NewsWire, pp. 1-1. http://search.proquest.com/docview/455433855?accountid=11233

Appendix A

Canada's Boreal Forest [END OF PREVIEW]

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