Capital Punishment: Does it Reduce Term Paper

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We are committing a similar action to the crime we are punishing and therefore it does not justify itself as being right, morally or ethically.

If a juvenile has committed murder or a series of murderous acts, we are less likely to condemn them to the death penalty, because we believe; we have hope that they can change and learn from their crimes. If proponents would have their way, these juveniles who have had no chance to learn from their mistakes or learn the reality of their crimes would just become examples of what happens when society goes wrong.

There is also the case of innocent people being sent to death row for crimes that they have been incorrectly found guilty for due to circumstantial evidence, or biased evidence. Best estimates say that 7 to 8 innocent lives are saved a year (Hinman) which doesn't account for the number that have paid with their lives for a crime they didn't commit.

Capital Punishment serves as a deterrent to others not to commit crimes where the death penalty is inevitably swift and certain (Hinman, 2001) and theoretically this is where society inevitably abuses the human rights of criminals and is struck with the dilemma of justifying an action that is similar to the crime it is the punishment for.

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Some argue that the nature of capital punishment differs between cultures, where for example, in Saudi Arabia, public executions are a common form of deterring crimes, in the United States there is not a visual impact on society regarding capital punishment, only an intellectual one. This difference accounts for the argument that the social impact of capital punishment does not justify its use because there are still a relatively high number of crimes still occurring, compared to Saudi Arabia and other countries and cultures where Capital Punishment has more of an impact on society.

TOPIC: Term Paper on Capital Punishment: Does it Reduce Assignment

Crimes in Saudi Arabia that have seen public executions range from murder to drug smuggling, and though figures are hard to establish on how many people are on death row in Saudi, public executions seem to be a relatively solid deterrent to crime rates in the country. This is not to say that executions and lethal injections in the United States should be come public, but it is evidence showing the deterrent value of capital punishment.

Essentially, Capital Punishment is the ultimate punishment against treason and crimes such as mass murder, serial killers and multiple homicides. It is a subject that is swamped with controversy, and the social factors regarding race and poverty level, there is no relative positive argument, regarding background or social status because there is still a larger number of Caucasian-Americans serving sentences on death row than African-Americans, even though an African-American is more likely to serve a jail sentence than a Caucasian.

Still, the proponents of the death penalty have a moral dilemma towards justifying that every crime that is deemed punishable by a death sentence is worthy of it. There are some crimes that are committed that are so terrible and horrific that deserve the death penalty, however, who are we to say that taking another's life is justified by their crime? There is no middle road in who should be given the death penalty based on their crimes, because then we are telling the families of victims that despite them losing a loved one, their pain and loss doesn't warrant the perpetrator receiving a death sentence.

Ethically, capital punishment is wrong. We are placing a huge amount of moral power within our hands by implementing death sentences and executions. In turn, we are saying through our actions, that taking a life is alright if there is justification, and surely a criminal could argue that they were justified in their actions. We must find other deterrents towards serious crimes and acts of treason that do not involve capital punishment.

Bibliography

Capital Punishment Statistics

Bureau of Justice Statistics, November 2003.

Printable copy at: www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/cp.htm

Study # 3667: Capital Punishment in the United States 1973-2000

National Archive of Criminal Justice Data, February, 2003.

Printable copy at: www.icpsr.umich.edu/NACJD/index.html

Capital Punishment: In the United States

Columbia University, Sixth Edition, 2003.

Hinman, L.H. The Ethics of Punishment

Lecture Video, March 2001. http://ethics.acusd.edu/video/Hinman/SocialEthics/Punishment/index.html

Hinman, L.H. Ethics and the Death… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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