Term Paper: Capital Punishment

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[. . .] Let us the take the case of Michigan for our study. Michigan legal rules presently orders compulsory condemnation of life imprisonment with no scope of parole on such crimes. During 1846, Michigan turned out to be the initial English-speaking government in the globe to eradicate the death penalty. Another eleven states have also banned the death penalty till now. (Kaffer; Alley, 2004) The prohibition on death sentence in Michigan was incorporated in the Michigan Constitution which was agreed to by the voters in 1963. Several attempts by the supporters of death penalty to place before voters- by means of Legislature or petition exercises- have been unsuccessful. From 1991, twenty-five Michigan officers have been murdered. The capital punishment in Michigan got fresh favor following the killings of the police officers Matthew Bowens and Jennifer on Feb 16 in Detroit. (Greilick, 2004)

One Detroit-based policemen and policewomen Matthew Bowens and Jennifer Fettig met with death while on duty on a daily traffic stop in February 2004. The two were on their rounds in one of the Blacks and most hazardous locale of one of the Blackest and hazardous cities in North America, the 4th (Fort-Green) zone of Detroit, Michigan. Around 2:00 A.M., Bowens and Fettig halted a 1989 deep blue GMC Sierra pickup truck on Gilbert, north of Michigan Avenue, whose chauffer has been beseeching a whore a little earlier. A bystander present there told that when the police car came into the road, screams of "The police! The police" were sounded and tires squealed as the truck sped away fast putting off its headlamps. (Strom, 2004)

The chauffer of the truck, a Black male of 23 years named Eric L. Marshall did not flee, though, and was nabbed by Fetigg and Bowens. One of the officials wanted to see the driver's license of Marshall which he showed. The official went with the license again to the police car, possibly to make a scheduled verification on Marshall. The two officers were in their cars when Marshall came out of his truck, paced towards the passenger part of the police car, fished out a 40-caliber revolver and fired two shot at Jennifer Fetigg, once in the head. Marshall then ran away into the darkness where he can see, but nobody can see him. Officer Matthew Bowens sent a massage "Officer down." Those were his ultimate words. (Strom, 2004)

Bowens came out of the police vehicle and was standing barely few feet away from it when Marshall started shooting again, hitting Bowens nine times and abandoning him with his face downwards in a blood pool of his own, oozing in a red track from the car to his corpse fifteen feet away. Marshall returned to take Bowen's revolver - leaving his driving license in the police vehicle and ran away to his own home, whose address was mentioned on the license which he left there. Sustaining nine bullets and severe blood loss, Bowens lay dead at the spot. Miss Fetig was found in a coma, her blood soaked head inclined back against her seat. Her dead body was taken by a police helicopter from upstate Petosky. Matthew as well as Jennifer was declared dead at Henry Ford Hospital, even though Jennifer battled for life for twelve arduous hours. (Strom, 2004)

Eric Marshall was accused with two points of first-degree murder, two-points of severe criminal murder and one - point of criminal possession of firearm in the shootouts. An innocent appeal was made on his behalf. (Tribute for Detroit Police Officers Matthew Bowens and Jennifer Fettig, 2004) The ruthlessness of these murders has affected an upsurge of favor for reapplying of capital punishment in Michigan, with a latest survey finding 56% in support for first-degree murder. 3 Dearborn inhabitants Helen Quinn stated: It is an absolutely excellent concept to treat that with crimes instead of bad if they fail to comprehend anything in addition. Other people will apply restraint on the verge of committing an offence and told that the demise of the police officer appears more dreadful. Police officers symbolize law and order and accepted that an officer's demise could be much vital. She also mentioned that police guards us. They risk their lives for us. Only we can protect them with the assistance of law. (Kaffer; Alley, 2004)

Matthew Bowens father James Bowens, one of the deceased Police Officer in Detroit consider Michigan should restore death sentence for killers of police officers and even ready to advocate for a basic endeavor favoring a constitutional amendment to restore the death sentence. He said: 'I wish to bring a petition ending with a federal law, if you murder any police officer, you would be tried in federal court and you will be executed in the manner they kill people and I will be devote the remaining part of my life to implement it. We will not tolerate any more. We want to put an end to this now, not tomorrow, immediately." (Kaffer; Alley, 2004)

Bowens 'appeal found favor when state representative Larry, R-Lennon speaker pro-term of the Michigan House of Representatives initiated a constitutional amendment which will permit the death sentence to be announced to some first-degree murder cases in Michigan. Larry Julian announced for a referendum to enable voters the chance to eliminate the prohibition of the state Constitution on death penalty for first-degree murder. He stated that his resolution would necessitate the Legislature to implement capital punishment by law and that it would be utilized for the most dreadful and palpable killings, those with a "smoking gun" which eliminates all uncertainty of culpability. He puts forth that when somebody commits a cold-blooded or an intentional murder, he should appreciate that his own life will meet the same fate. If a killer were hanged, he would not commit murder again. This is the final restraint. Julian goes on to express his viewpoint that employing current technology accessible through DNA testing and other sciences, we could be sure of the conviction of the cold-blooded murderer without any reservation and guarantee that no guiltless person is ever awarded the death sentence in Michigan. (Greilick, 2004)

In Michigan first-degree murder comprises intentional or planned murders, a murder done at the time of some other crimes and murdering a police, conservation or corrections officer while on duty. According to Julian, R-Lennon, it is necessary that a restraint is applied to enable persons to appreciate that if they commit the most dreadful crime, their lives would also be taken. It will require a two-thirds vote in the House and the Senate to place the suggestion for the decision of the voters on the Nov. 2 ballot. It is anticipated that it would be a war. (Chris, 2004)

Two-thirds of the two legislative houses would have to be in favor of Julian's proposed modification and after that voters would finally approve it before it forms a legal act. However, Dearbron's state Rep. Gary Woronchak stated he doesn't consider it to be probable that Michigan voters will be looking at the amendment on the poll any moment shortly. An attempt was made in 1999 to consider it and some argument was made. A poll was done, however sufficient votes were not forthcoming hence they didn't even make a final total. (Kaffer; Alley, 2004)

After two weeks since the vicious killings of the two Detroit police officers in traffic halt turned skewed, most of the active Michigan electorate was in favor of executing persons condemned of first-degree murder. Fifty-six percent of Michiganians polled by the Lansing stationed EPIC/MRA upheld the death sentence in such cases. The review, done during Feb. 22-25 had a margin of error of 4 percentage points. The vice president of EPIC/MRA Ed Sarpolus indicates that the matter be settled. Our findings are that while people are given choices, support goes down sharply, indicated by Sarpolus. During a follow-up issue, participants of poll were asked whether they subscribed to the death penalty or life devoid of parole -which is the law for first-degree murders. The percentage in favor of the death penalty was down to 45%. (Hansen, 2004)

Sapolus told support for the death penalty in Michigan attained 70% in the 1980s and has declined from then onwards. (Hansen, 2004) The Michigan House of Representatives could not get near their efforts during March, 2004 to stop the state's 158-year long prohibition on the death penalty. Following more than two hours of argument, and with the parents of both of the killed Detroit police officers witnessing it, the supporters of the proposed constitutional amendment could garner only 55 of the 73 votes they required. Michigan has been prudent in not having the death penalty in more than 150 years, as they have the choice of life without parole. (Dawson, 2004)

Deterrence is dependent not only on the strictness of the… [END OF PREVIEW]

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