Term Paper: Capitalism and the Global

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[. . .] The authorities are trying to improve social and environmental conditions which lead to boost the factors affecting global health. The subject of this paper is also the same. It discusses various factors which belong to political and economic conditions which lead to change in global health. The recent trend of globalization and neo-liberalism has changed the pattern of change causes by them.

According to Foster (2005), one of the most effective foundations for the analysis in the environmental sociology within United States has been laid by Allan Schnaiberg's model that is treadmill of production. Efforts done by Schnaiberg's are frequently defined as Neo- Marxist, though its real relation with the Marxian political economy remains unclear. This article analyzes the treatment of Marx's treadmill as a rough historical interpretation of capitalist mode of production. In addition to this, this article also sheds light on the Schnaiberg's study regarding conception of monopoly capital by Baran and Sweezy and conception of political capitalism by Gabriel Kolko; alteration of the Marxian political economy and treadmill theory; and the vanishing of specific criticism regarding capitalism within the combined efforts of Kenneth Alan Gould and Schnaiberg .The reunion of the following culture in the present stage of environmental sociology is a matter of debate with modernizing ecology. As Cited in Foster (2005), the treadmill model indicates that the option between civilization and barbarism is not just a discussion of formation of human relation in society but it's questioning of relation between human and their environment.

According to Foster and Magdoff (2011), though champions of capitalism declare that the egoism which is responsible to move the system causes its maximum efficiency and makes it extremely fair, but this in evidently not true. Capitalism is neither planned nor organized that's why at one place it resembles a boat that is drifting while at another place it is like a running train. There is minimum social control and regulations. Thus, it results in many unavoidable consequences in the delivery and production of services and goods. The prevailing economist usually defines these as externalities, that they are the reaction of realistic and socially beneficial system. This includes the water, soil and air pollution, discrepancy of wealth, prolonged period of unemployment and together with total failure of fulfilling the basic demand of all the individuals. Although environmental and social cost represents its presence but it is excluded from the structure of profits and economic costs of the system (Magdoff and Foster, 2011).

There is no limit to capitalization that is why it would not be wrong to say that there is no quantity of wealth, no total of profit and no amount of consumption that could either be called "more than the limit" or "enough." The economic expansion is taking place on such a high pace that the human beings are not giving a thought towards the environment in fact they are exploiting it without even giving any further consideration. According to the ongoing competition a business should either continue to grow or otherwise accept defeat and die (Magdoff and Foster, 2011).

The global and economic governance, which is basically structured to govern the environmental matters, is ignoring or probably side lining the ecological considerations and even the understanding of social and environmental relations seems to be weak. From this we can conclude that the global mechanism of governance does not have proper knowledge regarding the relationship of social and ecological factors. Thus, this becomes evident that global economic governance is more pinpointing towards global environmental governance rather than on the international agreements on drafting. This drafting was due for those issues which were discussed within the constraints of global institutional economic framework.

The policies which are formulated by World Bank and IMF (International Monetary Fund) lay down great emphasis on the environmental regulations, and the policies specifically mention that all the development works should incorporate within themselves the consideration that they have to give towards environment. Despite of the fact that environmental policy is rated at a high level in the agenda but still the businesses consider growth to be limitless and they do not give much attention towards the certainty of environment and the availability of natural resources (Williams, 2001).

Capitalism has gone through many challenges in the past and so would do in future as well. In the past it has cut down the wages just to balance the market expansion that was taking place at that time, in the similar way it should balance the growth of the businesses with the necessities required for survival. It is high time now, and capitalism should try and bring both these goals under contrast. Even though green capitalism is referred as an oxymoron, but this is just a policy objective. The supporters of capitalism receive pressure from two sides, one is from the advocates who are short sighted and the other is from the demand of far reaching economically grounded adaptation of production as well as consumption (Wallis, 2009).

The vision of green capitalism is often linked with the small companies. These companies can unswervingly put into practice the green policy, like for instance by using recycled materials, by abstaining the use of toxic materials, by making maximum usage of renewable sources and placing lesser reliance on long distance shipments for sales and purchases. But these practices are made limited by the market pressure. Food services sector is the only one, under which self sufficiency was widely observed, particularly among farmers who went through a resurrection phase in the recent years within almost all the industrialized countries. This was referred by Marx as a simple commodity production rather than a capitalist venture (Wallis, 2009).

One can define Eurozone crisis as the predicament of global neoliberal capitalism. This disaster was prominent due to the augmented discrimination and societal depression, much greater freedom towards capital, economic insecurity and lesser political democracy. The Greek problem is also termed as a European problem just like Ireland problem which is also termed as a European one. How can two countries with such different economical background be subject same kind of problems, is still confusing to understand. Within this neoliberal universe, the political parties have left the state to suffer at the hands of the voracious capitalists, who have brought the national economies at their mercy. Therefore, it is less likely for the policymakers to interfere and make changes in the outcomes. No one can deny from the suffering and misery of millions of people which is caused by the global capitalism and this capitalism has positioned the world to state of an unprecedentedly proportionate crisis. Several advanced capitalist countries are now facing with the issues like social decomposition marginalization, crime, poverty, fear, declining wages, mass unemployment and insecurity. Due to the biasness in the growth of financial activities and continuous decrease in the wages, the wealth is distributed among the rich and underprivileged that it broadens and to some extent destroys the historical and social boundaries. The scenario of poverty and wealth is also present in the advanced societies same like in the developing countries (Polychroniou, 2011).

A Really Inconvenient Truth

Global warming, a continuous threat for our planet and its living beings, is increasing at a rapid growth. 'An Inconvenient Truth', a documentary film by Al Gore, cleared that this Global warming will not be gone without creating a problem for us and it also portrays the effects of Global warming to the world (Bunch, 2008).

There are parts of government and few scientists are hiding the truth about the problem that can be caused by global warming from the people (An Inconvenient Truth). The documentary helps us to understand that we need to trust ourselves rather than the government for any type of change because it is us who can make the changes happen and the government is dependent on the people. For instance we can produce and buy more fuel efficient cars rather than going for any high profile-extra fuel consuming vehicles. By this we can save a lot of money, our natural resources and help the environment. Another way of reducing the effects of Global Warming is to utilize more recyclable and recycled products in our daily personal and professional lives. We need to take action rather than debating long hours on the topic of global warming, why to waste the time as every second counts. The start with we all need to watch the 'An Inconvenient Truth' with our families (Bunch, 2008) as this film also reveals many examples of symbols. Sadly, there are several people in the press and public (government) sectors do not realize that global warming is approaching fast and is a real threat, so we need to make sure everyone understands its importance and act to prevent this major issue.

The ideas are just taken as myths. However, An Inconvenient Truth ascertained some findings in a survey which was conducted by 928 peer-edited scholarly journals. The articles mentioned… [END OF PREVIEW]

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