Term Paper: Carbohydrates &amp Nutrition

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¶ … Carbohydrates & Nutrition

The term "simple carbohydrates" refers to B. monosaccharides and disaccharides.

Those with lactose intolerance usually can consume all the following except

milk shakes made with skim milk.

You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet?

Ketones will be produced from partial protein metabolism to be used for energy

Which of the following foods would have the most fiber?

Corn flakes

Glucose is absorbed via B. facilitated absorption.

A reasonable goal for daily dietary fiber intake is how many grams?

D. 25 to 38

Which of the following hormones is released to correct a hypoglycemic state?

A. Insulin

The monosaccharides important in nutrition are

C. fructose, glucose, maltose.

9. John Fibernugget wants to increase his fiber intake. Which of the following would help him do this?

Buying bran and fiber supplements to add to his current diet

10. The major storage sites for glycogen are

A. muscles and liver.

11. In the U.S. diet, carbohydrate supplies approximately what percent of total kcalories?

12. The major symptoms of lactose intolerance are

A. gas, abdominal pain, and distention.

13. Dietary fiber may play a key role in the prevention of which cancer?

A. Colon

14. Of the following, which is a major source of sucrose?

B. Fruits

15. Which of the following is not a monosaccharide?

A. Galactose

16. Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion?

D. Saliva production does not influence starch digestion

17. Which of the following lunches has the most fiber?

A. Ham sandwich with whole wheat bread, broccoli salad, orange, whole wheat fig bars, soda

18. Which of the following is not true of dietary fibers?

D. They are absorbed in the large intestine

19. The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called

C. photosynthesis.

20. Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood?

C. Liver

21. Amylase is

C. An enzyme that digests starch.

22. Soluble fibers

B. are not readily fermented by intestinal bacteria.

23. What enzyme is responsible for carbohydrate digestion in the small intestine?

A. Salivary amylase

24. Which of the following is not a rich source of soluble fibers?

D. Legumes

25. Which of the following is true?

B. Glucose and fructose form lactose

26. What is the major monosaccharide found in the body?

A. Glucose

27. What is the fate of disaccharides not digested in the small intestine?

B. They pass into the colon and are fermented by bacteria

28. Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state?

B. Epinephrine

29. If you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use?

B. Aspartame

30. A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of a. two monosaccharides.

31. Dietary fibers primarily are

A. polysaccharides.

32. Carbohydrate digestion begins in the C. mouth with salivary amylase.

33. Which of the following shows the process of starch digestion?

C. Starch to glycogen to glucose

34. Glycogen is

A. A highly branched polysaccharide.

35. The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to B. eat regular meals.

36. Most fats in foods and the body are composed of D. glucose and fatty acids.

37. Sterols are similar to triglycerides in which of the following ways?

A. They contain fatty acids

38. Fats enter circulation via the a. stomach.

39. Phospholipids differ from triglycerides in which of the following ways?

D. A compound containing nitrogen replaces at least one fatty acid

40. Pancreatic lipase digests

C. fats.

41. The body energy that can be stored in almost unlimited amounts is

A. glycogen.

42. Which of the following is true about trans fatty acids found in hydrogenated fats?

A. When consumed, they can decrease blood clotting

43. Name an omega-3 fatty acid with 20 carbons and 5 double bonds, found in fatty fish and synthesized from alpha-linolenic acid.

D. Omega-6 fatty acids

44. Which of the following is true about the fate of fatty acids after their absorption?

B. Fatty acids of less than 12 carbons enter the lymphatic system packaged in chylomicrons

45. Which of the following would be a good source of polyunsaturated fatty acids?

D. Safflower oil

46. Which of the following contains the greatest percent of calories from fat (in a typical serving size)?

A. T-Bone steak

47. Timothy wants to avoid eating too much hydrogenated fat. All the following are appropriate ways except

B. using tub margarines and vegetable oils.

48. After chylomicrons leave the intestinal cells, they are transported via what system?

B. Lymphatic

49. The major fat-digesting enzyme is

D. pancreatic lipase.

50. Which of the following is true about Olestra?

C. It cannot be digested, therefore it leaves the body

51. To get measurable heart disease risk-reducing benefits from consuming omega-3 fatty acids, the best practice would be to D. eat oily fish, such as salmon, 2 times a week.

52. Triglycerides in food are said to have satiety value because

C. they are the most compact source of energy.

53. Which lipoprotein is responsible for picking up cholesterol from dying cells and other sources so it can be transported back to the liver for excretion?

B. Low-density lipoprotein

54. All of the following are characteristic of cholesterol except

A. It is used for making estrogen and testosterone.

55. Which of the following is true about the use of medications that lower blood cholesterol levels?

A. They often are helpful for persons who have had a heart attack or have cardiovascular disease or diabetes

56. The body stores excess protein as

D. amino acids.

57. Which of the following contains the most cholesterol?

C. Lard

58. Which of the following is an essential fatty acid?

D. Stearic

59. Which of the following does not describe a function of fat?

C. Best source of energy for the brain

60. Which of the following is true about lecithin?

B. It prevents heart disease

61. An amino acid not used in protein synthesis that is likely toxic to many cells such as those lining blood vessels, and therefore may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease is called?

A. Homocysteine

62. Blood test results that reveal a person's serum cholesterol and triglycerides are called a D. glucose intolerance profile.

63. How many carbons do long-chain fatty acids contain?

C. 10 or more

64. The three-carbon structure to which fatty acids are attached in triglycerides is called

A. glycerol.

65. In which form are most dietary lipids found?

C. Triglycerides

66. All the following describe the behavior of fat cells except

B. The storage capacity for fat depends on both cell number and cell size.

67. A good practice for eating in a heart-healthy way would be to B. trim fat off meat before and after cooking.

68. The lipoprotein that carries triglyceride made by the liver to the rest of the body is the a. chylomicron.

B. low-density lipoprotein.

C. very-low-density lipoprotein.

D. high-density lipoprotein.

69. Which of the following is true about cholesterol?

A. It is an essential nutrient

70. Cholesterol is found in all of the following except

C. sirloin steak.

71. Which of the following is true about protein intake of people in the U.S.

A. Most do not consume enough protein

72. Cooking an egg alters its appearance due to B. emulsification.

73. Which of the following is not true about body proteins?

B. They are static and change little after achievement of adult status

74. Edema appears when there is a severe lack of dietary protein because

B. blood protein levels fall and fluid shifts to the tissues.

75. An essential amino acid

A. can be synthesized if there is a nitrogen source.

76. What is meant by the amino acid sequence of a protein?

A. Number of side chains in the protein

77. All the following describe kwashiorkor and marasmus except

D. diseases that are troublesome but not life threatening.

78. If a food does not contain the necessary amounts of a certain amino acid to meet a body need, that amino acid is referred to as a B. essential amino acid.

79. The typical American diets supplies approximately what percent of protein as essential amino acid?

A. 10

80. If Betty wants to eat the most nutrient-dense source of protein she would eat

D. egg yolks.

81. When comparing plant sources of protein to animal sources we could say

D. plant sources tend to contain more dietary fiber.

82. All the following describe the fate of excess protein except

D. could be stored in the liver.

83. A protein that acts as a hormone is

D. hemoglobin.

84. Johnny is 10 years old. He has had minimal protein intake for… [END OF PREVIEW]

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