Research Paper: Carl Rogers

Pages: 6 (1843 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] His humanistic psychology reached its apex in the 1960s and 1970s as traditional Freudianism went into eclipse, and indeed it seemed to blend with the counterculture, civil rights movements, feminism and the radical and libertarian thought of the time. It has fared less well in the conservative period of the last thirty years, with the renewed emphasis on traditional religion and morality, law and order, and a general revival of authoritarian thought. Indeed, biological, genetic and Social Darwinian explanations for human behavior, deviance and social problems have also revived, as they generally do in conservative periods. His ideas were easily parodied as "Politically Correct" and multiculturalist, and as generally undermining authority in favor of some vague concept of giving individuals permission to do as they pleased. Rogers was reacting against the totalitarian and authoritarian systems that had come into power during the 20th Century, which had started wars of aggression and committed horrendous atrocities. He did believe that persons with narrow, rigid self-concepts were given to hysteria, paranoia and violence against those who were different. Indeed, any differences in culture or values were a grave threat to personalities like these, which were also highly alienated from themselves and their environment, so for Rogers the crucial goal was to help free them from these restraints and incongruities and become whole, fully-functioning personalities. Rather than living lives of fear, neurosis and inflexibility, they would open themselves up to joy, creativity and new experiences. No teacher or therapist could 'cure' them, but only help them understand themselves and their potential for growth and change.

REFERENCES

Cornelius-White, J.H.D. (2007). "Learner-centered Teacher-Student Relationships are Effective: A Meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 77 (1), pp. 113-143.

Demanchick, S., & Kirschenbaum, H. (2008). "Carl Rogers and the CIA." Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 48(1), 6-31.

Kramer, R. (1995) "The Birth of Client-Centered Therapy: Carl Rogers, Otto Rank, and 'The Beyond." Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 35.4, pp. 54-110.

Rogers, C. (1951). Client-centered Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory. London: Constable.

Rogers, C. (1961). On Becoming a… [END OF PREVIEW]

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