Causes and Effect of Obesity Term Paper

Pages: 3 (920 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Business

Obesity is a subject that has garnered a great deal of attention in recent years because of the increase in the number of children and adults that suffer from obesity. America is the most obese nation on earth and this obesity epidemic is having a grave effect on individuals, families and our society as a whole. The purpose of this discussion is to explain the causes and effects of obesity.

Causes

According to the Centers for disease control the causes of obesity include overeating, inactivity, illness and heredity. In most cases it is caused by inactivity and overeating. More specifically obesity occurs when there is an energy imbalance occurring as a result of consuming more calories than are used. Increased calorie consumption or overeating in America is caused in part by increased amounts of food options and changed eating habits. The centers for disease control reports that factors such as fast food restaurants, prepackaged foods and sugary drinks have contributed greatly to the obesity epidemic in America. These factors lead to obesity because individuals who consume the aforementioned items are consuming more calories than they realize. The CDC explains

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While such foods are fast and convenient they also tend to be high in fat, sugar, and calories. Choosing many foods from these areas may contribute to an excessive calorie intake. Some foods are marketed as healthy, low fat, or fat-free, but may contain more calories than the fat containing food they are designed to replace. It is important to read food labels for nutritional information and to eat in moderation (Contributing Factors)."

In addition to the consumption of highly caloric foods portion size is also a major problem as it relates to the increase in obesity rates.

As a result many people are eating more at meal time and snack time which increases caloric consumptionf individuals eating larger portions do not burn off the extra calories obesity can be the result.

Term Paper on Causes and Effect of Obesity Assignment

In addition to prepackaged foods and portion sizes, environment and heredity can also be a major cause of obesity. In fact, certain ethnic groups have higher obesity rates because of the types of foods that they consume. These foods are often high in carbohydrates, sodium and fat. When individuals are raised in environments where the consumptions of such foods are common they may develop obesity. In addiiton, poor eating habits in childhood often lead to poor eating habits in adulthood. Some people are also more likelyu to be obese if members of their immediate family are obese.

Lastly, obesity can also be caused by certain illnesses and medications. Diseases such as Cushing's disease, and polycystic ovary syndrome can casue substantial weight gain and even obesity. In addition, medications such as stearoids and antidepresants can lead to weight gain. With… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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