Causes of Syncope Term Paper

Pages: 8 (2158 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Medicine

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[. . .] Management plans consider all of the issues a patient is facing, and continue to monitor the patient so that adjustments can be made as and when the patient's condition changes. Proper treatment of the cardiac issues should reduce or eliminate the syncope (Ruwald, 2014).

Syncope that has come about from a B-12 deficiency that has led to anemia is considered relatively easy to treat. Patients will need to increase their B-12 levels, to reduce the chances of syncope. This can be done through diet, but is generally done through supplementation. Tablets are sometimes used in more mild cases, while severe cases can warrant B-12 injections that can restore normal limits more quickly (Manifestations, 2009). With proper B-12 levels, syncope should dissipate.

Follow-Up and Patient Care

For patients who experience syncope based on cardiac or anemia factors, follow-up and proper care is essential. These patients may need emotional support, especially if they are found to have severe cardiac issues. They may also want a second opinion or more testing, and may need to talk to someone about their options. For anemic patients, restoring B-12 levels generally corrects the issue and allows them to return to a normal life, free of episodes of syncope (Manifestations, 2009). If this does not prove to be the case, further follow-up and diagnostic testing may be needed. Patient education is important in these types of cases, so that patients know when they should be concerned, what they should look for, and when they should contact their doctor or other medical professional (Ruwald, et al., 2012).

Follow-up care is more significant for syncope patients who have cardiac issues. These patients must be monitored, but they often need more than just monitoring. They also have to be examined routinely -- and how often will depend on their doctor's opinion and their current diagnosis (Gauer, 2011). Additionally, these patients will often have referrals to specialists such as cardiologists in order to do further testing and make an accurate determination of what steps to take next (Gauer, 2011). Cardiologists are used to treating syncope patients, and will know the next diagnostic and treatment steps for a patient with cardiac syncope issues.

Patient education is vital for heart-related conditions, as it also affects how they take their medications and whether they are knowledgeable of when to contact their doctor if they continue to have syncope or if they experience other problems that they believe could be related to their heart or to the medication they have been given (Freeman, 2011). Side effects of medications are common, and patients with existing heart problems should be especially vigilant in order to reduce the risks they face when it comes to the condition of their heart and blood vessels.

References

Dicpinigaitis, P.V., Lim, L., & Farmakidis, C. (2014). Cough syncope. Respiratory Medicine, 108(2): 244-251.

Freeman, R. (2011). Chapter 20: Syncope. In Longo, Dan L.; Kasper, D.L., Jameson, J.L., Fauci, A.S., Hauser, S.L., & Loscalzo, J. Harrison's principles of internal medicine (Textbook) (18th ed.). New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Gauer, R.L. (2011). Evaluation of syncope. American Family Physician, 84(6): 640-650.

Gaynor, D., & Egan, J. (2011). Vasovagal syncope (the common faint): What clinicians need to know. The Irish Psychologist, 37(7): 176-179.

Jamjoom, A.A., Nikkar-Esfahani, A., & Fitzgerald, J.E. (2009). Operating theatre related syncope in medical students: A cross sectional study. BMC Medical Education, 9: 14.

Manifestations of low vitamin B-12 levels (2009). Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/b12/manifestations.html.

Manisty, C., Hughes-Roberts, Y., & Kaddoura, S. (2009). Cardiac manifestations and sequelae of gastrointestinal disorders. British Journal of Cardiology, 16(4): 175-180.

Moya, A., Sutton, R., Ammirati, F., et al. (2009). Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of syncope (version 2009). European Heart Journal, 30(21): 2631-2671.

Reeves, A.G, Swenson, R.S. (2012). Chapter 14: Evaluation of the dizzy patient. Disorders of the nervous system: A primer. Dartmouth Medical School.

Ruwald, M.H., Hansen, M.L., Lamberts, M.,… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Causes of Syncope.  (2014, October 18).  Retrieved December 14, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/causes-syncope/634234

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