Term Paper: Cecilia Grierson the Roles

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[. . .] She also took positions related to her profession and released her works as the education of the Taken care of blind person and of the patient. Before that, in 1899, she made a travel to Europe where she inculcated diverse activities and she dedicated herself to professional enhancement and took part in the Congress of the International Women of London. Yet another important work on her part was the establishment of the National Obstetrical Association and the Obstetrical Magazine, scheme that was unique due to the objective to promote the cultural level of the midwives. (Cecilia Grierson: Medical)

The life and the path of this visionary woman were multifaceted. She was not only the first medical antecedent of the times and she practiced medicine like a social worker, but her commitment to the land of policy and the feminism was strong. As a tradition, the legal position of women in Argentina had its base on Spanish law, which gave rise to Roman law, in which the women are considered as the property of the men in the family and individual women under the authority of their fathers and women who were married of their husbands. The Moorish tradition of making a seclusion of women which was strong, especially in southern Spain, from days dating back to centuries of Moorish rule, was most of the times unattainable in colonial Argentina, but had the perception of many as an ideal, and women were not allowed to hold any political and administrative positions in the colonial setup. (Carlson. 7)

There was attempt by the families to get their daughters married between the age of fifteen and eighteen, very often to man who was fifteen to thirty years senior to her. Women were unable to inherit land grants under the colonial system, nor were widows head of the estates. In order to shirk property confiscation, women were put to pressure to remarry. Even after independence from Spain, when inheritance laws turned out to be more equitable, families found ways to circumvent them so as to give the bulk of the estates to male heirs, so that there was an assurance that the wealth stayed with the patrimony.2 These approaches started to change in the end of the eighteenth century and in the beginning of the nineteenth century due to the impact of foreign cultures, especially that of French. The foreign plans were seen as progressive and up-to-date, and Spanish customs began to appear back and unorthodox. (Carlson, 7)

Upper class Argentine women began to organize cultural get together where men and women would be able to interact through informal intellectual discussions and the performance and the enjoyment of music and poetry, just as was existing in the French salons of the day.3 Mostly the Argentine upper class did not make any consideration of the public education or literacy necessary for other parts of the female population, but they needed upper class girls not to be literate only, but to be given lessons to behave in a proper, virtuous and rational way. (Marysa, 242)

They also believed that the Church should offer vocational training to the lower classes, because it was believed that ignorance and lack of skill sets led women to a life of prostitution. IN 1801, the colonial government established the first daily newspaper in Buenos Aires, Telegrafo Mercanble. In consistency it contained articles that were in support of the secular education for women and making a critic of the religious nature of the education that the women received from the Church, which some men believed was held responsible for keeping women ignorant, superstitious and irrational. Secular education, according to the, had to be the way to make women stable in an emotional way so that they could be better mothers and up-to-date companions for intellectual men. (Evans, 117)

At the end of nineteenth and early twentieth century women (including those of feminists) in Argentina were influenced by the widely occurring beliefs about woman's nature and role in society that men claimed to be true. There was a definition to woman as associated to man. Education would solve women's problems, provide them self-respect and make them able companions for educated men, women must not lose their feminine modesty, and they must shirk giving an impression of intellectualism which held association with loose morality. They had a belief that men could exist without love, while women would not be able to. (Marysa, 242)

The conception of romantic of womanly martyrdom was a dominant theme in mid nineteenth century of Argentine women's literature. Patriotic poetry of women often portrayed female virtues at the back ground of men's selfishness. Self sacrifice was the rule. Even as women were fighting for economic, intellectual and social independence, and the prevalent factors and beliefs about women kept them under check, some of which the women themselves accepted as God given or inherent. (Evans, 117)

Women were identified in the same group as children, the retarded and the insane under the nineteenth century civil law based on the Code Napoleon. Women had no legal individuality apart from their husbands and were under their husband's legal control. A woman had to prove that her husband was insane in order to get a legal parting, as divorce was not permitted. Even in these cases, on condition that husband could prove he is able, children over five years of age stayed with the husband. The society expected that women would somehow handle, but they had no real remedy against financial neglect. The women's position did not advance in the 1853 Constitution. (Marysa, 243)

It was understood in many ways that unfavorably affected women although it offered democratic principles with religious liberty and citizenship for all people born in the territories. For example, all people are expected to take up weapons when required, as per article 21. The court ordered that Argentine women were not permitted to the rights of citizenship including suffrage, as women were not allowed to hold the armed forces. The appearance of a planned movement for the granting of civil rights to women was in Argentina rather than in North America or Europe, due to the lack of an educated middle class, constant political and civil chaos and the effect of the Church, which existed in the country during the nineteenth century. (Evans, 118)

In Latin America, Argentina was the leader in working for women's rights. By the end of nineteenth century, Argentine women's movement began following the steps of like movements for the first time in United States and Europe in which women began to arrange themselves to work for the development of the lives of women and children and eventually for the betterment of the society. The woman's movement is different from the feminist movement, which can be slackly defined as the movement for female social and political equality. Philanthropists and temperance workers did not essentially join the feminists in their political demands. (Carlson, 8)

In the start of this century many feminine organizations arose. Having their initialization in the 1860s the Argentine government very strongly encouraged immigration. During that time, forty five percent of Buenos Aires population were immigrants, and by 1890, ninety percent of the immigrants. This massive increase in the immigrants had an inclusion of the skilled, educated and professional people, some of them being free or Socialist political exiles, whose many more developing ideas provided support for secular education and helped, disintegrate the rigid class system, as well as provide a social and intellectual climate that was suitable to women's rights and feminist issues.

In the vicinities of Argentina feminism was largely an immigrant movement, and one of which was associated to the socialist party. And even though there were some non-socialist feminists. In Argentina, even the early feminists generally put social issues above feminist ones. This appears to be the feature of Argentine women, who were generally placed in political issuance influencing the country's welfare above issues that influence women only. This has been duly a result of the many existent repressive military regimes and the brutality which has forced women to become political, even if it had to defend their roles as wives and mothers more than to rally for that particular reason. (Evans, 119)

The beginning of university preparatory secondary school for girls began in 1905, and the opportunity for women to attend the University, made a mark on the real beginning of the feminist movement in Argentina. All of the twenty five women who completed coursework at the University in the time of 1905 and 1910 made a practice of professions, and all strongly supported social and economic development for women. By 1910 Argentina's educational system was considered the best in Latin America, and there was a perception as being morally and financially committed to the financial development of women. As… [END OF PREVIEW]

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"Cecilia Grierson the Roles."  Essaytown.com.  November 15, 2003.  Accessed July 17, 2019.
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