Research Paper: Central Park Reservoir Restoration

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Restoration of Central Park Reservoir

The Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir is a 106-acres body of water located in the middle of Central Park and was completed in 1862. The reservoir holds one billion gallons of water and formerly distributed fresh water to Manhattan residents. The reservoir has stopped serving this function and its future is perpetually under discussion. The task of this study is to create a restoration vision for the reservoir area and draft an outline plan for implementation of the restoration through defining a clearly supported restoration goal and taking into account the various stakeholders and continued uses of the area. Ecological restoration is reported to refer to "the renewal of a degraded, damaged, or destroyed ecosystem through active human intervention." (Humboldt State University, 2014, p. 1) it is reported that the Society for Ecological Restoration defines ecological restoration as "intentional activity that initiates or accelerates the recovery of an ecosystem with respect to its health, integrity and sustainability." The practice of ecological restoration includes a wide scope of projects including, but not limited to: erosion control, reforestation, removal of non-native species and weeds, revegetation of disturbed areas, daylighting streams, reintroduction of native species, and habitat and range improvement for targeted species." (Humboldt University, 2014, p. 1) the work of Vaughn, Porensky, Wilkerson, Balachowski, Peffer, Riginos, and Young (2010) report that there are various types of restoration including the following stated kinds of restorations:

(1) Revegetation- the establishment of vegetation on sites where it has been previously lost, often with erosion control as the primary goal. For example, vegetated buffers are strips of vegetation that protect water quality in riparian ecosystems from urban or agricultural runoff.

(2) Habitat enhancement- the process of increasing the suitability of a site as habitat for some desired species.

(3) Remediation: improving an existing ecosystem or creating a new one with the aim of replacing another that has deteriorated or been destroyed.

(4) Mitigation: legally mandated remediation for loss of protected species or ecosystems. (Vaughn, Porensky, Wilkerson, Balachowski, Peffer, Riginos, and Young, 2010, p. 1)

I. Need for Restoration

The Jackie Onassis Kennedy Reservoir was completed as reported in 1862. This reservoir has been the site of a great deal of human visitation since it is located in the middle of Central Park. Concepts that underpin restoration include: (1) disturbance; (2) genetics; (3) succession; (4) community assembly theory; and (5) landscape ecology. (Vaughn, Porensky, Wilkerson, Balachowski, Peffer, Riginos, and Young, 2010, p. 1)

II. Goals and Objectives of Restoration

It is reported that applied restoration includes the following stated steps: (1) site assessment which includes "A thorough appraisal of the current conditions at the restoration site is essential for determining what kind of actions will be necessary. In this step, the causes of ecosystem disturbance and methods for stopping or reversing them are identified." (Vaughn, Porensky, Wilkerson, Balachowski, Peffer, Riginos, and Young, 2010, p. 1); (2) Formulation of the goals of the project. It is reported that in order to determine the targets for restoration that practitioners "may visit reference sites (similar, nearby environments in natural condition) and/or consult historical sources that detail the pre-disturbance community. Goals may also include considerations of what species will be best suited to present or future climate conditions;… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Central Park Reservoir Restoration.  (2014, April 13).  Retrieved December 10, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/central-park-reservoir-restoration/1884128

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"Central Park Reservoir Restoration."  Essaytown.com.  April 13, 2014.  Accessed December 10, 2019.
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