Chaos and Order How Philosophy Got Started Term Paper

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Chaos and Order: How Philosophy Got Started

Werner J. Krieglstein (2002) talks about chaos and order and how these two conditions have played on the thinking of mankind from his earliest days, as he realized he did not have the answers to the all things in the universe. Here, with the ancient contemplations of the universe around him, and the curiosity about man's own presence on earth as he gazes upward and sees the universe above him, the earth beneath him, and suddenly feels the need to explain his self in the presence of these more enormous aspects of heaven, earth, the moon and the sun. This is when philosophy began, although there is probably no way to say at exactly what moment and by whom it began; it is clear, and very well discussed by Krieglstein in Compassion: A New Philosophy of the Other (27-33).

Krieglstein introduces the Greek and Egyptian strategies for the creation of man and the universe and earth; and in introducing these ancient concepts, the ways in which the ancients went about creating stories to make sense of existence, is for the Egyptians, when they decided there was, out of the chaos of nothingness, a fluid snake-like intelligence, that took the shape of "something" other than man, and became the first God, Atum, who was simultaneously Ra (the sun God), and who created six other gods, before turning to the task of creating man.

The Greeks, took, looked around themselves and realized that they were in the midst of something much greater than themselves either individually or collectively. "Who could blame the Greeks when they preferred the light of reason to chaos? (Krieglstein 27)." So it began, at least as Krieglestein describes the and ancient Egyptians, that at least those two groups began philosophizing about making order from chaos; which is what the psyche of mankind needs, to make sense of that which is unknown to him. This is why Krieglestein mentions that chaos occupied a place in the minds of the ancients (27). It is the nature of ratio (reason), for mankind to attempt to make sense of chaos, to convert chaos to order, to harness the energy of chaos - because the ancients realized, too, that there was an energy in chaos - and to convert that energy to ratio (28-29).

It is no surprise, then, that this need to make reason or order from chaos lead not just philosophy, but to science too (29). History shows the continual efforts, through science, make ratio of chaos (29). Krieglestein talks about Descarte's philosophy of rationalism, and Kant's realm of necessity (29). Each of these men, like the ancients, was consumed with the need to make sense out of that which defied logic, in science and in philosophy.

The Newtonian world view left its mark on sociology and psychology. Marxist sociology declared the human being a product of historical forces, while capitalism put more emphasis on the chaotic twists and turns of the marketplace to plot the way of the individual in history (28).'

Man's efforts make sense from chaos has not ceased since the earliest days of man. This goes back as far as Gilgamesh, the ancient epic, that was written on tablets, and is believed to be about 2000 years BC. Like the ancient Greeks, Egyptians and into modernity, the ancients who scrolled the epic of Gilgamesh sought to make sense of chaos, and to provide some explanation, in the language of the moment, that the people of the moment could understand (Gallery Kovacs 1989). In the epic of Gilgamesh, there is an explanation of how the universe and man was created, and the story acknowledges that there is that… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Chaos and Order How Philosophy Got Started.  (2007, December 12).  Retrieved January 20, 2020, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/chaos-order-philosophy-got-started/963843

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