Thesis: Children's Development

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Children's Development

Early Childhood Language, Cognitive, and Social Development

Preschool children are full of wonder and amazement of the world around them. They enjoy life in a way no adult can after developing so far from that early state of mind. It is within the preschool years where a child's mind develops rapidly, coming out of the complete ignorance of infancy into having a more complex and abstract idea of the world. Particular books are best for harboring the development of preschoolers because they appeal to the nature of the development itself. These children develop new language skills and strategies rapidly along with huge advances in their Cognitive make up. Additionally, social development helps create them as social beings and not the isolated infants they had once been in the recent past.

To help augment certain age appropriate developments within the minds of preschool children, certain types of books prove most efficient. Research has proven the immense influence books can have on the developing minds of preschoolers, "Books are an excellent resource for children. They can introduce children to different people and places, expand their word vocabulary, stimulate their curiosity, and encourage their intellectual growth," (Lopes 1995). Therefore, it is always best to use age appropriate books as learning tools to help strengthen certain developments and keep preschoolers on track with the way their minds naturally develop. For instance, "Preschoolers enjoy books that have a lot of action, pictures, and repetition," (Lopes 1995). Thus, choosing books with such repetition not only pleases the child, but also works in accordance with the way their mind is naturally developing. Much of their language and social skills come from the repetition and imitation of adults and other social contexts. The repetition of certain words and sounds also helps strengthen their developing language skills. This also is seen in preschooler's love for stories about children their own age and real life stories. These stories present a seemingly real image of the world around them, a world which they are just beginning to understand in abstract conceptions. It also shows how abstract language development is important in the facilitating for reading and other critical development within preschoolers.

During the age of preschool children, language skills increase dramatically. There is a rapid increase of language development and skills between the ages of three and six. According to research, "spoken vocabularies expand dramatically to anywhere between 8,000 and 14,000 words," (Oswalt 2007). This is a huge leap, compared to the average vocabulary of a toddler with only a few hundred words. It is during this age range where a child's "expressive (spoken) abilities start to catch up with their receptive (ability to comprehend language) skills," (Oswalt 2007). In previous developmental stages, the child could understand language, but not necessarily use it to express their own thoughts and ideas. During the age of preschoolers, children are given the developmental tools to express themselves through language and their extended vocabularies. Preschool children begin to develop the capacity for expressing themselves in much more complex sentences, showing their understanding of not only vocabulary, but also grammatical concepts and rules. Preschool children begin to utilize rules of plural nouns, possessive statements, and the blending of different tenses. Most of these early grammatical developments are facilitated through repeating what the child hears around them. Children of this age are amazing at absorbing an repeating language concepts from the adults around them, "Children become increasingly skilled at remembering and practicing language modeled around the, as well as modifying word use based on other people's reactions," (Oswalt 2007). As the child's vocabulary and language strengths continue to increase, so do their general understanding of the world around them.

While language is rapidly developing, so is the cognitive make up of the mind of a typical preschooler. At this stage, the child is exposed to various new ideas… [END OF PREVIEW]

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https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/children-development/62398.