Essay: China-u.S. Bilateral Relationship the Past

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[. . .] With China, which supplies Korea with fuel and food, the U.S. feels that China will stand a chance to do more in order to leverage the existing relationship with Korea, and subsequently persuade her to avoid provocations and denuclearize. In addition, the U.S. continues to push China to strengthen its execution of United Nations permits against Korea.

The two countries feel that it is not possible for other countries that neighbor Korea to carry out business as usual, with the threat posed by Korea. In response, China supported U.N resolution 2087, which condemned North Korea's rocket launch. In addition, China supported resolution 2094, which subsequently strengthened existing sanctions against Korea's nuclear test. In April 2013, President Xi Jinping warned, "No one has the authority to create worldwide chaos for selfish gains." Additionally, the Bank of China closed North Korea's main foreign-exchange bank (Morrison 2013). The two countries have shown that managing the issue in Korea is an important element, which will enable them, strengthen their ties. Due to its urgency, President Obama and President Xi discussed North Korea at the summit showing that they had prioritized the issue.

Curbing Iran's Nuclear Program

The nuclear program going on in Iran is another issue of priority between the U.S. And China. Since the year 2006, China emerged as a significant player in the United-States efforts to curb the suspected nuclear programs in Iran. China took part in negotiations with Iran as outlined by the United Nations. Although China felt dialogue was way out while the U.S. felt that imposing limited U.N sanctions against the suspected country, the both feel that the nuclear program is a threat to the global peace. For instance, China's perception to Iran is of great significance to the U.S. efforts to pressure the Iranian reign because China is Iran's most significant business partner (Morrison 2013). Although China did not agree to impose bilateral sanctions towards Iran, China decreased its oil import in the year 2002 because of disagreements on the terms of yearly purchase agreements.

Global Economic Issues

Although the U.S. And China economies are the largest in the globe, the global economy continues to deteriorate. This has managed to become an issue of priority between the two countries. Therefore, the U.S. has sought to strengthen its relationship with China in an attempt to rebalance the economy. Some of the global economic issues include the issue of commercial cyber espionage suspected to come from China, China's currency, China's policies and China's fragile execution of rational property rights (Morrison 2013). In a bid to solve the issue, the two countries have embraced the development of Chinese foreign direct investment in the U.S. Into the bargain, the main platforms for discussing the issues are the U.S.-China strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED) and the Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade (JCCT).

Climate Change

The globe has witnessed changes in the normal weather owing to global warming. In addition, the two countries are significant contributors to emissions that result in the changes in weather to extreme levels. Compared to the U.S., China is the globe's largest emitter of the greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. Owing to this large emission, China turned to reliance on renewable supplies of power such as hydropower (Zhang 2011). With the two countries having significant contribution to almost half of the globe's carbon dioxide emissions, the issue becomes a priority for both of them to take part in reducing the emissions.

President Obama has attempted to join hands with China in addressing Climate Change and offering working solutions to reduce the challenge. In so doing, the two countries created a new foundation of relationship aimed at solving global climatic issues (Morris 2013). Therefore, the two countries provided a joint statement concerning climate change devoting to "forceful, most appropriate action by the U.S. And China including large-scale cooperative action." In addition, the two countries developed a U.S.-China Climate Change Working Group to find ways to enhance cooperation, to their prioritized issue of climate change.

Importance of the U.S. To China

The U.S.-China relation is a step towards reduction of many global issues that face many developing countries. The relationship between the two countries is a step towards achieving global peace. In addition, the continued good relation is a step towards fighting poverty and many other social issues in the globe. The relationship is one of the earliest civilizations with the largest population, and the U.S. A young country with a stable economy, is essential for the future of the globe at large (Liberthal 1997). However, the U.S. is a major provider to the fiscal expansion, political stability and many other activities that lead to the prosperity of China.

For instance, the United States has a low saving rate. Therefore, China has taken advantage of the low saving rates to invest in the United States, which later on counts to its economic growth. In addition, China has shown that they rely on the U.S. securities because they are safe and liquid (Morris 2013). Strategically, the U.S. is significant to China. This is because in issues, for example, the nuclear program in North Korea, China will need to consult with the U.S. On how to handle such an issue. In addition, China will also require some of the United State's technologies in an attempt to fight terrorism. From a diplomatic point-of-view, the U.S. may support some of the foreign international policies formulated by China.

In addition, owing to the rank U.S. has on the world, then, if it discourages some of the policies formulated by China, the world may perceive China in a different manner making it look bad. Owing to the large population in China, some of its citizens live in the U.S. In such a case, the U.S. stands as a home of the Chinese people. In addition, Chinese-Americans have emerged as a new force in the technology field, education, and science in the United States (Huang 2000). This means that U.S. has contributed in a significant way in educating many of the Chinese people living in America without racial discrimination. Additionally, this will lead to stronger bonds between U.S. And China.

Conclusion

The U.S.-China relation is significant to the well-being of the globe. Although the information presented makes apparent some issues of conflict dating back to the contemporary period, it is evident that the relationship between the two countries continues to thrive. For instance, the issues of priority including the fight to stabilize the climatic changes, is among many other reasons that continue to bring the countries closer (Huang 2000). Some of the issues of conflict between the two countries include the disagreement of the U.S. with the policy issues surrounding human rights.

On the other hand, China is not with agreement with the continued sale of arms to Taiwan by the U.S. Moreover, it is apparent that the U.S. remains a significant contributor to the economic growth of China revealing that the two countries significantly need each other to address the world affairs. In addition, it is important to note that China is growing at a fast rate (Khalizad 1999), but the United States remains a country with the world's largest economy.

Bibliography

Andrew, JN & Robert SR 1997, The Great Wall and the Empty Fortress: China's

Search for Security, WW Norton, New York.

Chen, J 1992, Ideology in U.S. foreign policy: case studies in U.S. China policy, Praeger Publications, New York.

Chin, J 2012, National Interest Frames and the Sources of American Public Opinion about China, Princeton University.

Fairbank, JK1976, China perceived: Images and poli-cies in Chinese-American relations. New York: Vintage Books.

Friedberg, LA2005, 'The Future of U.S.-China Relations: IS Conflict Inevitable? International Security, vol. 30, no.2, pp. 7-45.

Garrison, JA2005, Making China policy: from Nixon to G.W. Bush, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, Colorado.

Harding, H1992, A fragile relationship: the United States and China since 1972, Brookings Institution, Washington

Huang, X 2000, "Managing Fluctuations in U.S.-China Relations." World Politics, National Priorities, and Policy Leadership, Vol.40 no. 2, pp. 269-295.

Khalizad, ZM1999, The United States and a rising China: Strategic and military implications, Washing-ton, D.C.: RAND.

China Relations in the Twenty-First Century, WW Norton, E.F. Vogel, New York, pp. 254-276.

Morrison, WM 2013, China-U.S. Trade Issues, Congressional Research Service, pp. 1-50

Zhang, J 2011, China's Energy Security: Prospects, Challenges, and Opportunities,

The Brookings Institution, Washington DC. [END OF PREVIEW]

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