Civil War Summary of Part III Essay

Pages: 3 (1012 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Native Americans

Civil War

Summary of Part III "A Land of Contrasts:" the Boisterous Sea of Liberty:

Even in the colonial era, the distinguishing characteristic of America was the diversity of its population" (Davis & Mintz 87). Although America's diversity is often conceptualized as a recent development, the relatively decentralized control of the Americas early in colonial history made the land, in its own way, perhaps even more pluralistic than our own extant union. Settlements emerged in different areas, all of which possessed very different demographics and manifested very ways of life. There was no centralized government or national authority to speak of, paving the way for the creation of a loose confederation of states of America rather than a single union. America at its conception was marked by regional, ethnic, religious, and national diversity.

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America, as soon as European colonists began to penetrate its borders, became a mosaic. Almost all of the nations of Europe wished to enrich themselves with the New World's abundant natural resources and by trading with its native inhabitants. All of Europe was well aware of the great power that would be gained by the nation that eventually dominated the colonies. Colonists also sought to settle in the region for a variety of reasons, some seeking freedom from the state religion in the case of the Puritans and Quakers, or freedom from the European class system and economic limits on wealth and property in the case of the early settlers in Jamestown, Virginia. The Native American population itself was just as diverse, and included both warlike and pacific tribes, hunter-gatherers and farmers and fishers.

TOPIC: Essay on Civil War Summary of Part III a Assignment

Another common misconception about early American pluralism pertains to religious tolerance. According to the Boisterous Sea of Liberty, early American society was characterized neither by complete tolerance or intolerance towards religious liberty, rather attitudes towards religious liberalism varied from state to state. A common misconception about early America is that it was entirely intolerant in the Puritan model, or conversely that it embraced a conception of religious freedom along the lines of the later Founding Fathers. In fact, the truth was something betwixt and between. Some colonies enforced strict religious ideology, others were more liberal, and others did not care and contained settlers more focused upon economic enrichment. The diversity of religion in early American society spanned the Dutch Reformed Church in New York, to Church of England Virginians, to Puritan New Englanders in Massachusetts.

Economic expansion because of more liberal governance in the colonies was most manifest in the cities with ports. These cities were also the most diverse -- Dutch New York has been called America's first pluralistic society, much as today New York is celebrated for its international composition. Early New York contained Protestants of various denominations, as well as Catholics and Jewish residents. Despite its name, New Amsterdam was never a mirror image of the Dutch founders. The city was always only half Dutch -- it was populated by the French, Scandinavians, Germans, Brazilian Jews as well as "various Negros" (Davis & Mintz 87). Control… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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Civil War Summary of Part III.  (2009, January 26).  Retrieved September 18, 2021, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/civil-war-summary-part-iii/3080584

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"Civil War Summary of Part III."  Essaytown.com.  January 26, 2009.  Accessed September 18, 2021.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/civil-war-summary-part-iii/3080584.