Classroom Management Class Room Essay

Pages: 11 (3833 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Teaching

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
Two other very important points that I realized while reading this chapter where that highlighting your student strengths and communicating your believe I them. The other important thing that I learned was giving alternative or choices to your students. By giving choices, I am sure that I will be able to guide my students more effectively.

Differences and important characteristics of standards, rules and procedures

Standards, rules and procedures are the terms that are used interchangeably. However, these terms are quite distinct in nature. In teaching, these three terms hold extreme importance.

Standards are a benchmark that a teacher sets for her student to achieve. Rules are mandatory. They are the code of conduct which the students have to abide. Procedures are a method through which certain tasks are performed in class. One very important characteristic of rules is that rules are not negotiable; standards are contingent on circumstances while procedures are different for different situation.

Procedures are a method of doing a certain task .Procedures is a map through which task care performed. For example a procedure can be that a student must take an identity card before he or she enters or leave the class, and upon returning, keep the card back to its place. Rules are that a student must take the permission for a teacher before he or she leaves a class. Standards are the expectation of a teacher about how a student has to behave and obey the norms of the class. Politeness, sharing, and respecting each other are all standards that are set by the teacher for students.Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Essay on Classroom Management Class Room Management Assignment

While setting standards, rules and procedures, one must keep into consideration some of the very important factors. The rules, standards and procedures must be within the student capacity to achieve. They should not impossible to abide. Other than, they should not consume much of the resources that a student can't afford to abide. In addition to it, the rules, standards and procedures must be simple enough to be implemented. These are some of the considerations that must be kept in mind while framing them. While framing rules, standards and procedures for a class, a teacher must keep the students and their capacity in mind.

Usage of positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement and extinction

As I teach primary class, positive reinforcement is something that comes handy to me. There are kids that are quite hyperactive, and positive reinforcement is something that can help me prevent behavioral issues in class. There are some hyperactive kids in my class who disturb the class often. With the help f positive reinforcement I can avoid behavioral problems. For example, I can use praise students as soon as they do something positively. By announcing in class, the good they have done in class, they will feel more obliged to do more good, and maintain good behavior. With adopting privilege reinforce technique, I can grant the earning student with a "Good Student" award, or let him or her spend time with their best pal.

Sometime students are reluctant and do not notice positive reinforcement for long time. At that moment I can use negative reinforcement. The technique of just stop giving instruction is an excellent technique to get students back on track. The method of staring at the student who is involved in negative behavior or standing next to him or her is a technique that can be very useful.

Extinction technique is desirable when it comes to small children but it has some drawbacks that must be kept into consideration. As Evertson, C.M. (2006) quoted "While extinction provide teachers with a simple and effective management tool, some obvious caveats must be taken into account. For example, it is generally untenable to ignore behaviors that are potentially dangerous to a child or others'. Keeping the above quote in mind, I can use the method of extinction, but the possible drawbacks or risks involved with it should be taken into account. Extinction can be tactfully used if a child has a history of being well mannered, and does something objectionable once in a blue moon. However, in case of repetition, negative reinforcement is a much suitable choice.

Key components of effective consequences

I use a behavior clip chart in my classroom. It is a long chart with seven colors, green being in the middle. Each child has a clothespin with their name on it attached to the sides of the chart (boys' names on one side, girls on the other). Every child starts the day on green or "I am ready to learn." Throughout the day, children can move up or down based on their choices and behavior. They can only clip up or down one color at a time and can turn things around and clip back up after clipping down. After green, they can clip up to blue, then purple, and then pink. They can also clip down to yellow - "I am slowing down," orange - "teacher choice" (I will choose a consequence), and then red - "parent phone call." At the end of the day, anyone who is on green or above gets a punch on their behavior punch card. After earning ten punches, the child can earn a reward from our class book. These are things like sitting by a buddy at lunch (even from another class), show and share day, wear a hat to school, etc. After the children go home, I move everyone's clip back to green for the next day! I like this method because it allows the children to move back up after making a poor choice.

In my opinion, this behavior clip chart is a good method of infusing a sense of accountability and realization in students. The reward given after a student receives 10 punches in his or her card acts as a catalyst that promotes good behavior among children. However, the element of consequence is still missing. I need to work on a method that would infuse accountability as well as a realization of a consequence concerned with behaviors among my students.

Considerations when using whole class strategies for instruction

Although whole class strategies are quite easy and consume less amount of time as compared to other teaching methods, but they require a lot of considerations during the planning phase. As this type of instruction is based on teaching the whole class at the same time, it requires a lot of details. Every student in the class possesses different capabilities. Some are very good listeners while others are very good writers. For some, interactivities prove to be more effective method of teaching, while for some, reading is best option. While making plans for whole class strategies, a teacher should consider the physical and mental capabilities of all his or her students. There should be sufficient time during teaching that should be allotted for interactivities in order to retain the interest level of the students, and to let them involve in the lesson. Similarly, there should be some extra time for the discussions or interruptions that might occur during teaching. Visual aids are very important during teaching, so during the planning phase, a teacher should have all the necessary material required to conduct the class.

A teacher should also have a proper assessment plan, in order to evaluate the level of understanding that the students have developed during the study. It is very important for the teacher to plan topics according to the existing knowledge of the students. The method of transiting from known to unknown should be kept in mind, whenever a new lesson topic is being planned. The activities should be interesting and according to the age group of the pupils, and should be interesting for all the class. One thing during the planning of activities is that the activities be designed according to the IQ level of the students of the whole class, and not limited to a certain group of children.

Considerations when using small group instruction strategies

Small group instruction involves a group of student working collaboratively to achieve a target defined by the teacher. Small group strategy is a time consuming process, and requires teacher to plan in such a way that the required target is achieved successfully within a given time frame.

While planning for small group strategies, a teacher must plan the group members prior to making them. This helps a teacher select group member according to the level of skills required and helps to eliminate conflicts. Similarly, a teacher should also pick the group member keeping their relation with each other. A group which consists of students not getting along with each other will only have conflict as an outcome. In addition to it, the ethnicity of the students should also be kept in consideration while making plans for assembling group members.

Before small group instruction takes… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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