Climate Change Projections Expected Impact Term Paper

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[. . .] gcrio.org/gwcc/booklet2.html

Mitigation Strategies Explored

The work entitled "Food, Agriculture, and Climate Change: The U.S. And International Outlook (USGCRP, 1997) ask the question in relation to addresses the "projected climate changes" and how they "affect agriculture, food resources and the availability of food in the U.S., and the availability of food in the U.S., and globally, over the next 25, 50, and 100 years?" (Woteki, 2002) It is further stated by Woteki (2002) that the following can be expected to result from the conditions brought about by climate change:

Global climate change is projected to have significant regional impacts on agriculture and the production of food and fiber for human use and consumption. Greenhouse warming is one of the complex factors that will shape global food production in the coming century, as the world faces the challenge of feeding a rapidly growing population, which is projected to double from 5.7 billion to over 10 billion by the middle of the next century. Through changes in temperature, water regimes, and carbon dioxide (CO2) levels, global climate change will directly affect crops, soils, pests, and livestock. Both producers and consumers, within the United States and abroad, will experience the impacts of these changes. Farmers can respond to many of the direct effects of climate change by adjusting their practices, while food-buyers may find variations in the quantity, quality, and prices of produce in their local markets. The challenge for the world agricultural enterprise is not only to feed the growing population in the face of changing climate conditions, but to do so while preserving the rich resources of land and water on which we and future generations depend."

The IPCC or the Intergovernmental Panel in Climate Change, Second Assessment Report concludes that the production of agricultural appears to be globally sustainable in view of climatic shifts as "predicted by the global climate models (GCMs) for doubled-CO2 equilibrium scenarios. Stated is, "Current research suggests that the transient nature of climate change, potential alterations in climate extremes, and differential regional responses may temper positive outcomes." (Woteki, 2002) Approximately one quarter of the nation's agricultural crops and livestock is produced in the Midwest. The marginal changes in climate may produce impacts that are "disproportionately large" which are stated to be possible to, "severely diminish the comparative advantage of farmers and ranchers in the region and further stress irrigation water supplies.

Comparative advantages affected are stated as, "the ability of the agricultural research establishment to promote technical progress that increases farm productivity and reduces environmental damages, the relative growth of scientifically based agriculture in developing countries (e.g., Argentina, Brazil, Vietnam) that increasingly compete with Great Plains farmers, and the occurrence of extreme climate variations in the Great Plains that either stress or benefit farmers there relative to their competitors."

Summary

It is clear that threat from climate change are real and that warnings should be heeded by humankind. There are many organizations, agencies and corporations that claim to have the answer to climate change in relation to solutions of agriculture. However, the one sure factor is that man has no control over the conditions resulting from climate change, at least not ultimately but the adaptational aspects that present opportunity to humankind are those that should be eagerly initiated as the earth changes and the entirety of existence of life on earth changes as well.

Works Cited

McMichaels, et al., eds. (2002) Climate Change and Human Health Executive Summary (2002) An Assessment Prepared by World Health Organization Taskgroup in Collaboration with World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme/U.S. Climate Change Science Program / U.S. Global Change Research Program, Tuesday 20 June 2002 Suite 250, 1717 Pennsylvania Ave, NW, Washington, DC Online available at: http://www.us gcrp .gov/usgcrp/WHO/WHOEXEC.html

Climate Change (2005) Online Retrieved from the Internet 05-04-05.

http://edugreen.teri.res.in/explore/climate/climate.htm .

Woteki, Catherine (2002) Food, Agriculture, and Climate Change: The U.S. And International Outlook USGCRP Seminar, 7 January 1997 U.S. Climate Change Science Program / U.S. Global Change Research Program, Online available at: http: / / www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/seminars/9717DD.html.

More On "If climate changes, what might happen?" Online available at: http://www.gcrio.org/gwcc/booklet2.html [END OF PREVIEW]

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