Research Paper: Climate Change Regulation

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[. . .] These transportation units are responsible for producing 20% of the world total carbon dioxide and other emission that harms the Earth hemisphere.

Farming and Deforestation:

As the population is increasing, it needs more and more area to do farming and to settle down. More wood and wood products are required which has resulted in significant amount of deforestation. Trees and plantations play a vital role in recycling carbon dioxide oxygen, which is not harmful for atmosphere, but with the trees missing this recycling process has stopped and thus adversely affected the atmosphere. On the other hand, animal wastes used for farming also produce carbon dioxide, which is again harmful for the atmosphere (Archer, 2011).

Natural Activities:

Natural activities like change in Earths orbit and volcanic eruption has led to increase emission of carbon dioxide, which has harmed the Earths atmosphere.

Following were the natural and human factor responsible for altering the factors that are directly responsible for change in climate.

Methods to control Earth Environment:

There are two ways to control factors that are aversely affects Earths climate. First being the Regulatory-based policy and second being the Incentive-based policy.

Regulatory-based policy:

These policies have been used for long time in United States, which is responsible for regulating every institution to abide by these policies on reducing the risk of factors that can adversely effect the change in climate, and failure to do so will result in imposition of heavy fines. However, there are pros and cons to this policy.

Pros:

This policy has a clear outcome and thus helps in regulating and monitoring the compliance process as failure to do so will result in heavy fines.

Cons:

This policy is very costly in terms of monitoring and ensuring compliance and despite this it, still light fail to reach its objectives, as it requires information from its sources and the information provided may be incorrect or false. This policy is not cost effective. In addition, it offers no help or creativity of ideas to help reduce emission rate.

Incentive-based policy:

This policy enables the people to choose and move towards better production techniques and better low cost equipments that not only reduces emission but also are also quite effective in fulfilling their needs. Government can encourage by offering incentives and subsidies on these machines and increase taxes on less environment friendly products and machines thus discouraging its use. This system also has pros and cons.

Pros:

This policy is cost effective and it encourages the people to move towards more eco friendly products and giving them a sense of responsibility to protect Earths environment.

Cons:

The disadvantage of this policy may be that those who fail to adhere to these policies will be taxed and as a result prices of the good s will increase and the burden will be shifted towards the final consumers.

My Opinion:

If I was to get a chance in choosing which policy to be used I would choose both of them because both can complement each other very will if slight changes are made. The primary focus would be on Incentive-based policy as it is cost effective and creates opportunity for eco friendly product to be consumed and produced. However, little check and balance is required which will be achieve through regulation-based policies and slight changes that I would want to be done is by offering people sufficient amount of time to switch from conventional to eco friendly products. If they still fail to do so they should be stopped and punished as, it is our responsibility to protect Earth environment.

References

Archer, D. (2011). Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

Karling, H.M. (2011). Global Climate Change. Huntington, NY: Nova Science Publ.

Maslin, M. (2006). Global Warming: Causes, Effects, and the Future. Stillwater, MN: Voyageur Press.

Orts, E.W., & Deketelaere, K. (2001). Environmental Contracts: Comparative Approaches to Regulatory Innovation in the… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Climate Change Regulation.  (2012, July 30).  Retrieved December 7, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/climate-change-regulation/8838184

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"Climate Change Regulation."  Essaytown.com.  July 30, 2012.  Accessed December 7, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/climate-change-regulation/8838184.