Clinical Psychology Approaches Term Paper

Pages: 2 (692 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Psychology

Clinical Psychology Approaches

Of the four major clinical approaches, the psychodynamic model remains the most closely associated with the terminology and technical concerns of Freudian praxis (Bateman et al., 2000, p. 2). As its name implies, this approach looks to unexamined tensions between dynamic forces (or "drives") as the underlying cause of anxiety, psychic pain, and destructive behavior. With the therapist's assistance, the patient may arrive at a conscious understanding of these forces and so, in understanding them, resolve any conflicts that exist.

As in classical psychoanalysis, the dynamic therapeutic relationship is largely a matter of sustained conversation in pursuit of emotional resolution. However, while Freudian therapy is theoretically "interminable," dynamic therapists generally play a more active, problem-oriented role in order to bring the process to a productive conclusion within 10 to 25 weekly sessions; more intensive approaches strive to generate breakthroughs over even shorter time frames (Aveline, 2000, p. 373).

Cognitive-behavioral therapy acknowledges the importance of recognizing the causes of behavior, but is much more concerned with training the patient to avoid harmful activities and acquire new coping habits. Instead of focusing on discursive exploration of emotional content, the cognitive-behavioral therapist stresses skills training, repetition, and immediate feedback. While discussion is often part of the session, it is often considered a channel for the transmission of information and as a tool for monitoring the patient's overall condition (Carroll, 1998, p. 25).

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Because of its explicitly problem-oriented nature, cognitive-behavioral therapy is often brought into play when explicitly pathological behaviors exist and need to be corrected: drug addiction, anxiety disorders, and so on, ideally within 12 to 16 weekly sessions (Carrol, 1998, p. 4). While incidental insight into motivation may result from such therapy, it is not the primary objective; progress toward objective performance goals is the only real measurement of success.

TOPIC: Term Paper on Clinical Psychology Approaches Assignment

Humanistic approaches vary, but share an abiding theoretical interest in human beings as conscious actors and a corresponding distrust for models of the self that portray life as merely the sum of various emotional or instinctual drives. (Bugental, 1964, pp. 19-25) Practical treatment strategies are… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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