coaching and counseling differences Research Proposal

Pages: 35 (9972 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 25  ·  Level: Doctoral  ·  Topic: Counseling

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Counseling represents an ethical and competent application of relationships for facilitating emotional development and acceptance, self- knowledge, and optimum improvement of individual resources. The general goal is offering a chance to endeavor towards leading a more resourceful and satisfying life. Counselor-client relationships differ in accordance with need; however, they might deal with developmental problems, tackling and solving particular issues, decision-making, crisis management, dealing with internal conflict, knowledge and personal insight enhancement, and relationship skill improvement (Gladding 2004). Although some of these objectives are also shared with coaching techniques, the counseling approach works to address these items from its own internal perspective.

The task of counseling addresses wellness, professional development, personal development, and pathological issues. That is, a counselor addresses relationship-related areas (Casey 1996), including inter- and intra- personal problems associated with adjusting and finding meaning in familial, educational, professional, and other contexts. Counseling is carried out with individuals regarded to be performing properly but experiencing some serious issues. Counselors cater to the requirements of a broad array of individuals. Their clients have situational or developmental problems which need to be dealt with, in terms of remediation or tweaking. Normally, their issues get resolved by means of short-term interventions.

However, in some cases, treatment might be prolonged to take into consideration, and address, disorders covered under the APA's (American Psychiatric Association's) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM- IV). Counseling represents a theory-based activity. Experts in the field apply numerous theoretical techniques, which include cognitive, behavioral, systemic, and affective techniques. These theoretical models are applicable to individuals, families, and large groups. The process of counseling can be intervening or developmental. The emphasis of counselors is client aspirations. Therefore, the activity of counseling entails changechanges as well as choice. Counseling may be termed as the "run-through" for action, in certain instances (Casey, 1996, p. 176).

In the U.S., counseling emerged as a profession somewhere between the latter half of the 1890s and the start of the twentieth century. All through the early part of that century, vocational guidance represented the chief emphasis of counselors; psychometrics was a component of its initial groundwork as well. During the 30s, the counseling profession started expanding beyond vocation-related issues, and the world witnessed the emergence of the notion of guidance through education (Gladding, 2004). Only in the year 1942, with Carl Rogers' work, Counseling and Psychotherapy did the notion of guidance -- offering recommendations, training or a focus -- start vanishing from counseling-related literature.

The mid-20th century saw the reinforcement of the counseling profession through events such as the American Personnel and Guidance Association's founding, the founding of the Counseling Psychology branch of the APA (American Psychological Association), the formulation of novel counseling and guidance theories, and the 1958 National Defense Education Act's enactment (Gladding, 2004). Counseling spread its wings and ventured outside the academic setting during the 70s, accompanied by the introduction of programs in cultivating helping skills and professional organizations, as well as counseling licensure. The next decade witnessed the emergence of the concept of standardized counselor training certification, thereby transforming counseling into an independent, recognized profession, accompanied by a diversification of counselor specialties with major emphasis on development and growth (Gladding, 2004).

During the counselingthe counseling process, the clients are assisted in identifying their problems as well as specifying specific solutions to overcome their mental challenges. L cCounselors are expected to specialize in a given approach of counseling such as Applied Behavioral treatment. More importantly, the psychological problem affecting the client usually determines the type and approach relevant in offering counseling therapy. If a counselor is not trained in the particular modality that is deemed to be appropriate within the context, then one option is to refer the client to a specialist. Making referrals is a common practice in this practice.

Furthermore, Ccounselors explore the thoughts and emotions of human beings in order to provide therapeuticaltherapeutically beneficial changes which are relevant to the individual life. Counselors encourage their client to speak their problems out to identify causes and effects, and possible solutions to the outlined problems. In most cases, the counselors will give the individuals advice on how to cope with the life issue or induce the reconciliation mechanism between the client and their life issues.Theissues. The process of counselingof counseling is conducted through face to face communication, through telephone counseling or even online counseling. The approachThe approach of counseling iscounseling is dependent on factors such as age, gender and the counselor's preferences for various techniques and through a range of different options counselors try to customize the most effective plan identified for the client's particular needs..

Literature review

Hudson (1999) explains that coaching is an art of helping and guiding an individual toward a fulfilling future. Some believe that learning begins and ends with childhood;, such as some of the developmental psychologists and therefore there will be more working than learning among professionals with this particular disposition. But in modern professions, there is a great deal of reinvention and small chaptersof traditional psychological approaches and many psychologists now incorporate a plan that willdoes require learning. This could be Examples of this might consist of in the form of getting entirely new jobs or even potentially switching career paths. Continuous learning and personal renewal could be essential in adjusting to the any such major changes, and each person is responsible for offering their own perspective relative to devising their curriculum.

These challenges that a client may face for example could occur on various levels such as the individuals, teams, and organizational levels. s.

This is where the expertise of the managerial life coach comes incan be the most valuable in assisting clients. The coach is a teacher first and foremost, and whether it is an individual, a client or a company, the relationship is usually deeper than thatmost individuals initially perceive. Their function is to relate particular goals to the whole plan created from a holistic perspective and with the final solution manifesting as the focal point of all the various factors. Therefore, the client-coach relationship provides more options and potential resources that can be found in other approaches..

He adds that, dFurthermore, during the 80s, many organizations adopted the prevailing philosophies of management that encouraged eliminating the middle managers so that the employees could get more freedom to manage their results with minimal mentoring. However, trends started changing again, and organizations now emphasize on working teams. The need for a coach sprouted especially when the team hit an obstacle. A coach for an organization must have a specific set of skills oforiented towards concepts such as leadership, reliability, and maturity, which are essential considerations in most modern organizations.. TThese skills are required to train teams effectively and guide organizations through transitions or organizational changes. A coach in an organization will deal a lot with collaboration, long-term planning, and organizing among other objectives. The coach will be expected to follow and nurture the organization's culture.

Caspi (2005) similarly focuses on the growing popularity of manageriallife coaching and the issues and challenges that come with it. He argues that it is important to identify the two undertakings involved in coaching which is a method and a movement. The second usage, a movement, is the description that tends to cast coaching as a practice with its unique scope that is already on a path to becoming a profession or a discipline. Hense the acceleration of the presence of a gradually growing body of research and organizations offering training and credentials to individuals who want to practice manageriallife coaching,. mMaking it increasingly easy for individuals to get the necessary knowledge and start offering managerial life coaching services than it was before.

Caspi (2005) adds that coaching is a goal-oriented approach, unlike most traditional psychological treatments that focus on alleviating the problems at hand. Nonetheless, both methods focus on changing behaviors, feelings and attitudes of patients for the betterment of their lives. This difficulty is what is of concern to the profession since the two don't technically offer the same service. Thus a position emerges Rresulting in individuals offering services they are not qualified to offer or using coaching to circumvent licensure or addressing challenges from inappropriate or ineffective routes. There are also other alternatives such as the solution-focused brief therapy which represents a modality that is very much like coaching in the sense that it is a future-focused, goal-oriented approach to brief therapy.

Caspi (2005) insists that social workers are well qualified to provide coaching, and there is no need for individuals with little or no qualification providing essential psychological services. Coaching previously emphasized on helping employees in a corporation to improve productivity. However, the growing popularity of manageriallife coaching has extended its business applications beyond the immediate concerns and also toattempt to address the personal and life domains of psychology. The methods and approaches used by manageriallife… [END OF PREVIEW]

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