Cognitively Complex Leadership Teams Literature Review

Pages: 10 (3771 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 20  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Doctorate  ·  Topic: Leadership

In another study researchers found that understanding the cultures of the teams mean acknowledging the attributes of each member in shaping their expectations of the identity and norms of the group. A lot of relationships are formed with the formation of groups which helps the teams to form exclusive norms and values during the composition of the group which impacts and shapes up their actions and help them in confronting different challenges. If a team is viewed as a culture, then it helps to combine the different areas in one box which includes socialization, values, relationship, challenges, functions and outcomes (Hernandez, 2004). Therefore, from this study it is clear that cognitive complexity is one important outcome and the teams which exercise cognitive, expressive and utilitarian functions are more likely to gain cognitive complexity. These teams also known as real teams are capable of meeting the intellectual problems, human relations and administrative problems in college.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Literature Review on Cognitively Complex Leadership Teams Assignment

The different studies on team function highly values leadership and composition. For instance, in one study researchers found that teams with individuals are collectively-oriented and have more awareness about the performance of the team which impacts the cognitive complexity (Spagnolo & Paola, 2010). Past researches have mentioned that a team with sub-groups is likely to have a positive effect on the performance of the team. The main work of the leader is to maintain and monitor the main functions and he is also responsible for analyzing the missing functions and anything not being properly handled. His active role in shaping the mentality of the team helps in gaining cognitive complexity (Favero, 2006). Team cohesion also leads to cognitive complexity and a lot of interaction which leads to a successful team. Recent studies on team composition and diversity highlight the significance of various perspectives in order to engage in working close to cognitive complexity. A group consisting of diverse cultures leads towards multiple perspectives, attributes and skills which create a lot of creative processes and solutions (See Lester and Kezar, 2011).

Derek, Grace and Dawn (1996) found that the formation of the team can affect the functioning of the team along with the ability of learning and reaching cognitive complexity. Trust for example, is a main element in the facilitation of collaboration without which the processes and rules and not likely to take place within the team (Derek, Grace, & Dawn, 1996). The role of the team leader is another main factor in the formation of the team. According to a research, the leadership style of the leader has a huge impact on the performance of the team. Some studies also highlighted team leaders to be more than one individual. Along with trust and leadership, team identity is also considered to be of importance in the stages of formation (See Lester and Kezar, 2011).

Impact on School Culture and Student Performance

The literature has emphasized that the leadership teams at the grass root levels could have a lot of difficulty in obtaining and recruiting members due to emotional work and time commitment required which can create a lot of burden for the students, leading towards a burn out. The type of commitment required for leadership not just establishes team relationship and trust but also helps in gaining cognitive complexity. Whitehead (2001) in his study found that the two factors mentioned might act as a barrier in achieving cognitive complexity as studies show that as soon as the teams were starting to achieve cognitive complexity, some of the members of the team felt being burnt out due to which they had to quit from the team (Whitehead, 2001). Hogg (1992) in his study points out the nature of the teams is different in the grass root level in which the work requires commitment outside the regular responsibilities of work. The dynamics of the inter-group were complicated by the different generations and changing membership (Hogg, 1992).

According to one study of O'Donnell and King (2014), the modern institutions rely heavily on team work in order to achieve different works from strategic decisions to production. The institutions of higher education respond by using works in group projects which enhances cooperative and collaborative learning of the students. They found that the division of the task in learning collaboratively includes high inter-dependence in order to accomplish the task. Research says that a lot of students are already involved in different disciplines in groups which is important to work collaboratively thus making it important to learn the elements that are effective in learning and working in groups (O'Donnell and King, 2014).

The scholarship in high education literature involves a lot of difficult decision making in universities and colleges. The changing economic conditions and technologies and the demand of composing groups is compelling the leaders in academics to focus on the institution and environment of their work in the effectiveness and learning of the students. According to a study of Idol and Jones (2013), such an ability of thinking complex helps to see the events of the organization from different perspectives. Different perspectives provide different and a lot of information which helps in looking at a broad view of the institution and a lot of opportunities in the process of decision making. This has led to more effectiveness in the performance of the leader (Idol and Jones, 2013).

Cognitive Complexity: Impact on student performance and school culture

A study by Wolverton, Gmelch, and Sarros (1999) defined the work of the deans as important in the management of the institution and fulfilling the demands being faced in high education. The academic deans are important in gaining out attention in this regard because they play an important role in the administrative and academic operations of the institutions. Wolverton and his team found that the position that the deans have, requires them to take charge of the administrative and academic cultures including the complexity in the environment in order to stimulate the differences. The pressures in the changing of the institutional directions play a larger role in the vulnerability of the programs and their decline where the leadership is not adept (Wolverton, Gmelch, and Sarros, 1999).

Organizational dimension is one form that creates difficulties for the leaders to work and past studies have also discussed the variations in administrative and academic cultures. For example Zaccaro and Marks (2001) were involved in the disciplinary works that are characterized by their values different from the administrative culture. This type of worked focused highly on autonomy and creativity; while on the other hand, the administrative work focuses more on efficiency and rationality (Zaccaro & Marks, 2001). Jacobson (2013) found that the changes between both the aspects clearly indicate that the leadership studies are not complete without the cultural aspects of the environment of the leadership. The academic disciplines work on another dimension and have been acknowledged widely in the academic institutions as a fragmentation source. This emerges from the working paradigms of the faculty that can make their understanding and engagement with one another quite difficult. The role of the deans in academics demands major attention mainly due to their part in spanning the administrative and academic functions of the institutions. The deans as academics are the chief executives in the school, college or university (Jacobson, 2013). Granello's (2010) study concluded that the members of the chancellor share leadership with the dean and at the same time they are also involved in the learning and teaching process of the institution. The serving of the administrative and academic roles require the deans to be of high reputation scholars while having leadership and managerial talent. The responsibilities regarding decision making cover areas like alumni and public relations, physical facilities, student affairs, faculty development, promotion and selection and educational curriculum or program (Granello, 2010). Faculty communication with the dean most of the times provoke conflict or disagreement and their dealings according to a study are termed as one on one dealings. The interaction of the faculty is mostly around the issues that are sensitive like the salary or tenure issues in which the dean must have strong inter-personal skills. A lot of the rivalries that evolve at the university level are solved by the communication between the dean and the administration (Jacobson, 2013).

From this literature review it is clear that past research on cognitive complexity have focused more on the development of individual and team leadership and its impact on achieving cognitive complexity. The main focus of the past researches was mostly on the styles of leadership and presidential roles of leadership and how much role they play in collecting different perspectives of the members of a team and working collaboratively with them. Trust is mentioned to be the most important element in building the relationship among the members of the group. The first key factor discussed in the cognitive complexity literature was the personal and individual attributes of each member of the team which helps in making an effective leadership and achieving cognitive complexity (for… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Cognitively Complex Leadership Teams" Literature Review in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Cognitively Complex Leadership Teams.  (2014, July 29).  Retrieved September 26, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Cognitively Complex Leadership Teams."  29 July 2014.  Web.  26 September 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"Cognitively Complex Leadership Teams."  July 29, 2014.  Accessed September 26, 2020.