College Sports and Recreational Activities Article Critique

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SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] The study was conducted during the spring session of 1996. Although the original sample size was 2,000, after attrition was accounted for the final sample size for usable data in the study was 406 responses. This sample size and the random nature of the sample were adequate enough to produce results that could be considered to be reliable.

The specific question presented by the researcher was phrased as follows: "Do you feel that a new or improved Student Wellness & Recreation Center should be a priority for Kent State University?" The answer required to the question was a dichotomous yes or no. This question was placed in a protocol along with other questions involving issues pertaining to recreation in the college environment. These other questions simply provided the context for the specific research question. The researcher ensured informed consent by reminding participants during the interview that participation in the study was voluntary and that they could withdraw at any point if they wanted to.

The data was analyzed through the application of a chi square statistic that determined whether there were significant differences in the responses to the research question between men and women. The results of the chi square reached a value of .55, which was not significant at the .05 level. This result indicated that there were no significant differences between men and women regarding their answers to the research question about whether a recreational facility should be a priority for the college. Milton explained that: "Females are just as likely to answer 'yes' to the question of priority as were males. Males, conversely, were just as likely to answer 'no' as were females (p.30)."

Based on these findings, the researcher concluded that the fact that no significant difference was found regarding the beliefs of men and women is a positive indication that women place high prioritization on the importance of recreational facilities at the same level as men. The number of "yes" responses to the question was high among both males and females. Specifically, 69% of men and 64% of women felt the development of a recreation facility should be a priority. These high levels of affirmative responses could be considered as strengths of the study, because it provides evidence that sports and recreation are priorities for women as well as men and efforts should be made to further provide sports and recreation services and programs directed at women. The lack of follow up research involving people who declined to participate in the study could be considered to be a weakness.

Implications

The validity of the study is decreased by the fact that motivation to take part in the study was not brought into consideration. It is quite likely that both men and women that are interested in college sports are the ones who agreed to take part in the study, resulting in a non-representative sample of individuals who would more likely value a recreational facility. Further research along the same lines as the current study could delve into studying prioritization among several different types of institutions, not only a 4-year university. This would increase generalizability of the results of the current study since the findings can only be extended to institutions of similar size and type. Future research could also examine other variables that may affect prioritization of recreational and sports facilities, including residence status, ethnicity, and whether the students involved fund their own schooling through earned income or if their schooling is funded by parents, scholarship, etc. (Milton, 1998).

This research has implications on the development of sports and recreational services and facilities in colleges. The evidence that women value recreational facilities as a priority as much as men give incentive for colleges to design more sports and recreation programming targeted toward women. Economic benefits can be gained by enhancing opportunities for women to participate in college sport activities and utilize recreational facilities. These programs can bring in more money to the college and can also contribute to a more positive and balanced experience for women at the college. The greatest potential consequences of the current study affect recreational sports administrators, as these are the individuals responsible for assessing the direction that program development should take to best suit the students attending the colleges.

Reference

Milton, P. (1998). Female… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Cite This Article Critique:

APA Format

College Sports and Recreational Activities.  (2012, September 11).  Retrieved February 19, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/college-sports-recreational-activities/2211292

MLA Format

"College Sports and Recreational Activities."  11 September 2012.  Web.  19 February 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/college-sports-recreational-activities/2211292>.

Chicago Format

"College Sports and Recreational Activities."  Essaytown.com.  September 11, 2012.  Accessed February 19, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/college-sports-recreational-activities/2211292.