Colonization Features Essay

Pages: 8 (2579 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 10  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Anthropology

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
Conversely, France seemed to be the least intrusive of the three countries named above because they were able to seek the natives consent just before they were declared to be the subject of the French crown, an approach commonly referred to as assimilation.

As a result of colonialism on the indigenous people, the free and undeveloped lands of the Americans were fully ravaged by the nations in the period following their revelation to the Europe; however, none seemed to be more savaged in their domination than the Spaniards. In particular, Indigenous men and women faced various problems during the period of colonialism. The men had difficulties in comprehending as well as dealing more effectively with the source of disempowerment which for quite a period of time had led to a compounding problem for both the indigenous men and women, who at most are the targets of the men's raging manifestations of the internalized self -- hatred. The problem has existed in different forms as well as intensities across the economic and social spectrum ( Voss, & Casella, 2012).

Reasons for Resistance

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Historically, research shows that the indigenous people are seldom passive in their response to colonialism. They have always organized themselves into groupings that aim at toppling and resisting the colonialism. This trend continues in the current quest to resist neocolonialism with nations and races joining groupings such as the environmentalism or human rights groups with the sole aim of sensitization and agitation for the rights of the oppressed. The study of Canadians war on Indigenous people began before even the Canadian State was established. When the two countries, that is Britain and France, were fighting, they both knew what they actually wanted; to make sure they steal the different territories of the North America so as to be free to plunder as well as to exploit the indigenous people. As a result of the war, thousands of indigenous people were displaced and killed while others were infected by smallpox and other diseases.

Essay on Colonization Features of Colonization the Assignment

There are various reasons why indigenous people were resistant to colonialism and therefore, they kept on fighting as well as resting further colonialism. Firstly, they were afraid of being discriminated against and assimilated into foreign cultures. Discrimination and assimilation are still experienced in the contemporary society, albeit subtly. The indigenous people did not like how they were treated by the colonies hence they resisted. This was shown when many people were killed, as well as lands and territories that were taken away without their consent. On the other hand, the colonies wanted to divide the society to allow them rule to the maximum, for example, they were not given the rights of voting or accessing the public services like water, health as well as education. Conversely, they were to be forced to assimilate into the dominant culture in which the aborigines thought would bring a negative impact for the survival of their language, culture as well as traditions. The second reason for the resistance was as a result of economic globalization. The indigenous people had a growing economy that increased the demand for natural resources that they never wanted to allow the colonialists to explore and exploit at their expense (Arnold, 2002).

The indigenous people knew in mind that, colonization would make their governments to rely on the massive extraction of the natural resources which were exported to generate foreign exchange to help them in paying for foreign debts, a fact that raised resistance across the globe. The other reason for resistance was to avoid conflicts with the colonies.

Today, in many areas across the world indigenous people have been known to involve in conflicts that are violent. There is exploitation of the natural resources which were taken away by the colonies even after the locals tried to resist the rule. Locals lack political participation while poverty as well as repression has forced some of the indigenous peoples to be trapped in conflicts, for instance in Colombia, the indigenous people are targeted by the armed opposition group known as Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), and the governmental military troops who forcefully recruit them into their armies for fortification of their troops.

Conclusion

Colonization has done more harm than good to the indigenous people. Today, there are social problems as well as gender issues that still affect people across the world, for example many issues have been raised in Colombia that there are poor conditions in which the indigenous peoples live under. All these have caused various social problems which include drugs along with alcohol abuse and domestic violence. This mainly affected the indigenous women since in indigenous countries or communities both men and women are usually assigned different roles and responsibilities. The concept of the paradigm shift such as globalization and cultural choice are significant in the reduction of colimialism and neocolonialism in particular. The rights of a people in the contemporary society are often gauged against the issues of environmentalism, economic and social consequences of globalization.

References

Farley, M. & Lynne, J., (2008). Prostitution of Indigenous Women: Sex Inequality and the Colonization of Canada's First Nations Women. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from http://www.rapereliefshelter.bc.ca/learn/resources/prostitution-indigenous-women-sex-inequality-and-colonization-canadas-first-nations-

Gray R., (1982). Christianity, Colonialism, and Communication in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Black Studies. Vol. 13. Sage Publication. Pp59. Retrieved April 19, 2013 from http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2783975?uid=3738336&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102065204291

Thira, D.(2008). BEYOND THE FOUR WAVES OF COLONIZATION.Retrieved April 15,2013 from http://www.swaraj.org/fourwaves.htm

Resist, (2013). History of Colonization of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.Retrieved April 16, 2013 from http://users.resist.ca/noii-van.resist.ca/indigenous_history.html

Department of justice.(2012). A Review of Research on Criminal Victimization and First Nations, Metis and Inuit Peoples 1990 to 2001. Retrieved April 16, 2013 from http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/pi/rs/rep-rap/2006/rr06_vic1/p3.html

Indigenous issues. (2012). Netherlands Centre for Indigenous Peoples (NCIV). Retrieved April 16, 2013, from http://indigenouspeoples.nl/indigenous-peoples/indigenous-issues

Marker, S. (2003). Effects of Colonization | Beyond Intractability. Beyond Intractability. Retrieved April 16, 2013, from http://www.beyondintractability.org/bi-essay/post-colonial

Mercredi, A. (2003).The Indigenous Struggle for .Self-Determination. Essays on Indigenous & International Struggles

Arnold, T. (2002). The effects of distant colonization on the parent state a prize essay, recited in the theatre at Oxford, June 7, 1815.. New York: Printed by S. Collingwoo

Voss, B.L., & Casella, E.C. (2012). The archaeology of colonialism: intimate encounters and sexual effects. New York: Cambridge University Press

Kotright, C., (2010). Colonization and Identity. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from http://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/chris-kortright-colonization-and-identity [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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