Commercialization of Organ Transplants Research Paper

Pages: 4 (1294 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Black Studies - Philosophy

Commercialization of Organ Transplants

Throughout the history of organ transplantation, organs have become available in two different ways: when a person who was an organ donor has died, and when an organ that can be removed from a living body has been offered for donation to a friend or family member. There are also registries for items like bone marrow, which can be donated to someone who is not a friend or a member of the family. However, there have also been arguments made that it should be legal to sell organs for transplantation if the individual consents to doing this. These organs could be sold to a particular patient who was in need, or they could be sold to a medical institution to use in any patient that institution saw fit.

Naturally, many people believe this to be completely acceptable. One person has something another person needs, and the person who has it sells it to the other person who needs it. There does not seem to be much concern with that in general, but when it comes to organs, the ethical quagmire becomes much more difficult to navigate and there are serious moral implications that do not have to be considered when selling an inanimate object but should be considered when a person is considering selling a part of himself or herself to another. The sale of organs is wrong and unethical, and should remain against the law despite recent attempts to legalize it

The Argument for Selling Organs

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Those who argue that it is acceptable to commercialize organ transplantation make several arguments in favor of this practice. These include the statement that the organs belong to the person, and if he or she wishes to sell them, it should not be the business of the government and lawmakers to say that this is not acceptable. There is also an argument that these people would be saving lives by selling their organs, so they are actually doing a good deed in a world that sees far too few of those in recent years. The fact that they receive money for this is not, technically, relevant to their argument about saving lives or doing something good for society as a whole.

TOPIC: Research Paper on Commercialization of Organ Transplants Throughout Assignment

Of course, another argument for selling organs is that the value of society outweighs the value of a particular person, and the person who is saved by a particular organ that was sold to him or her may go on to do much more for society than the person donating the organ. This utilitarian belief that the most happiness is achieved by everyone in this scenario is the most common moral argument generally used for issues of this nature. In general, all of the arguments that are made in favor or organ donation follow this ethical leaning. However, there have been many who have discredited the idea of utilitarianism.

Utilitarianism states that the thing that achieves the most happiness for everyone involved is the thing that is the right choice from a moral standpoint (Brody, 1988; Shaw, 2014). Those who believe that organs should be able to be sold commercially for transplantation often use that argument because they want to show that allowing for these kinds of sales will not only make people happy because they get needed organs, but will make other people happy because they get money. On the surface, this makes sense.

However, there is more to the issue than that. Those who argue under utilitarian principles often fail to take into account the reasons behind why people make their choices (Epstein, 2009). In other words, they focus only on the happiness they perceive people to have, but they do not focus on the issues that that alleged happiness may also create (Veatch, 1988). Where medical ethics is concerned, there are many gray areas and things are not as black and white… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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