Communication Competence: An Assessment Case Study

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SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] The selection of the male and female athletes that were chosen for the studies was not biased by the ethnic background.

Dependent Variable: Underreporting of injuries to the coaches and how it affects their performance.

Conceptualization: This part of the paper will look at the aspects that affect the communication competence of the male and female athletes with respect to underreporting of their injuries to their coaches and how this underreporting has the potential to affect the performance of the team.

It has been explained in the first part of the paper that the atmosphere of the female athletes' team is different from that of the male athletes' team in the sense that the female athletes tend to motivate their fellow players as compared to the male athletes. This implies that the comfort level that exists in a female team is higher than the comfort level that can be found in a male team. Therefore, the females find it easier to report their injuries to the coach since there is no ego involved.

The second aspect that has been discussed as part of the conceptualization of the independent variable was the image that is formed in the minds of the spectators of the athletes. According to the studies that have been conducted regarding this matter, the male and female spectators perceive males as being strong and invincible. Therefore, the males hesitate to report minor and sometimes even major injuries to their coach because they want to live up to the image that they have made in front of the fans or the spectators. As for the female athletes, they are considered to be sensitive and vulnerable by the spectators so they do not find it hard to report their injuries.

It should be noted here that the coaches are somewhat lenient with the female athletes as compared to the male athletes. Even though there are some sports in which the coaches have to be verbally and physically harsh on the players, but usually they are not that aggressive with the female athletes as they are with the male athletes. Therefore, when the female athletes sustain any injuries while playing the sport or during the practice session they do not hesitate from reporting these injuries to the coach since they believe that the coach will not be that harsh on them. On the other hand, because of the aggressiveness shown by the coach towards the male athletes, the injuries sustained by the male athletes are often underreported.

Studies have shown that the female athletes tend to be more sensitive about the injuries sustained while playing the sport. This deduction was made by the analysts after studying the presentation of symptoms by the female athlete players. It was discovered that the female athletes feel more pain as opposed to their male counterparts and this is one the main reasons why they would report their injuries more than their male counterparts.

The only hypothesis on the basis of which it can be said that female athletes are less likely to report injuries as compared to the male athletes is that the female athletes have shown to have greater coping capabilities as opposed to their male counterparts. This implies that since female athletes are better at coping with situations of acute stress, they are less likely to report injuries to the coaches.

Many analysts are of the view that the male and female athletes communicate differently with respect to reporting their injuries to the coaches mainly because the two genders have a different communication style. However, studies proved that underreporting of injuries by the two genders is not in any way related to the difference in the communication styles. The reason for this is that not much of a difference has been found in the communication styles of the gender.

The last aspect that has been discussed in the conceptualization of the independent variable can be considered to be the most important one when it comes to underreporting of injuries by the male and female athletes to their coaches. This aspect is the attitude and leadership of the coach or the team leader. If the coach is friendly and encourages communication within the team and with him, then chances are high that the athletes will report their injuries to him irrespective of their gender. On the other hand, if the coach is only work oriented and does not encourage the team members mingling with each other; the athletes will be hesitant to report their injuries.

Operationalization of the Dependent Variable: The assessment of the dependent variables was made in more than one ways. The college athletes that were chosen for the various studies to analyze the various aspects that can affect the reporting of injuries by the male and female athletes to their coaches were interviewed using psychological questionnaires after which their behavior was monitored over a period of time to make sure that there is not any disparity between the response on the questionnaire and their actual behavior. The main aim of the research was to assess the motivational level that was found in the teams (both male and female) and how it could possibly affect their performance.

To test for the difference in arousal in the male and female spectators while watching their favorite sport, the researchers used 4-minute clips of random matches. The level of arousal was mainly tested on the basis of self-reporting and psychological analysis of the spectators.

When some researchers came up with the hypothesis that the otherwise young and healthy female athletes have a tendency to report more physical symptoms than they are actually feeling, the other researchers went on to confirm this hypothesis by using some approaches that included the use echocardiograms, ultrasound probes and x-rays.

To test the level of communication that exists in a team, the athletes were given a 15-item questionnaire with the Scale for Effective Communication in Team Sports. The responses indicate one of four factors of communication: acceptance, distinctiveness, positive conflict, and negative conflict.

Measurement of the Variables: The measurement of the independent variable was not a complex one since the participants of the studies were chosen at random. On the other hand, somewhat sophisticated approaches were used to analyze the dependent variable. In order to assess the responses of male and female athletes to the psychological questionnaires and to assess their behavior after they had filled out the questionnaires, the researchers used a MANOVA test to analyze the data.

The level of arousal in the male and female participants was measured by two methods. The first method was to assess the self-reported level of arousal and the second method that was used to measure the level of arousal was through skin conduction. For accurate results, the spectators were distracted from the sport that between the subsequent clips that they were given to watch.

In one of the studies, the participants were required to indicate their perceived stress intensity and their typical coping response after experiencing two stressors that they perceived as most intense. The results were analyzed via multivariate analysis.

Analysis and Conclusion

After analyzing many different factors that could possible affect the communication competence of the male and female athletes, most of the analysts and researchers have come to the conclusion that in most of the cases, the female athletes are better at communicating with each other and with the team leader or the coach as compared to the male athletes. The reasons for this difference have been discussed at length in the previous sections of this paper. It should be noted here that communication competence is an important factor that needs to be considered when the overall performance of the team is being analyzed. Many analysts and researchers believe that the level of communication that exists within a team is a reflection of the environment of that team. This implies that the level of motivation within the team is directly proportional to the level of communication. According to most of the studies, the teams of female athletes have a higher level of motivation and there is no ego involved and therefore they are not hesitant to report the coach even when they receive the slightest of injuries or concussions. Therefore, it will not be wrong to say that the female athletes are better as a team since they are more competent pertaining to communication than their… [END OF PREVIEW]

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APA Format

Communication Competence: An Assessment.  (2013, October 16).  Retrieved February 22, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/communication-competence-assessment/9021005

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"Communication Competence: An Assessment."  16 October 2013.  Web.  22 February 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/communication-competence-assessment/9021005>.

Chicago Format

"Communication Competence: An Assessment."  Essaytown.com.  October 16, 2013.  Accessed February 22, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/communication-competence-assessment/9021005.