Community Nursing the Service Learning Research Paper

Pages: 13 (3437 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 8  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Careers

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Problems associated with validity are usually increased in survey designs because they evaluate subject's values as well as beliefs (Bouma, 2004). Contemplating, the aims and outcomes of this research, Yin (2008) argues that it must be practicable to streamline case studies towards hypothetical propositions. Nevertheless, this ought to not extend to incorporate communities as well as the aims of the study should be to relate and structure theories and not to evaluate frequencies. On the other hand, this researcher feels that social sciences lacks fixed specifications and there are a number of factors which might influence the outcomes of the study and because of this it really is unrealistic to guarantee that future scientific studies on this particular problem will produce exactly the same outcomes.

Sampling Approach

The questionnaire (n=20) will make use of a small sample size to carry out this study. This is simply because in accordance with Saunders et al. (2012), when there comes a stage of interpreting as well as reading the problem and background of the precise fact, then the smaller sized sample is regarded as much more favorable relatively.

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The sampling approach within this study is non-probabilistic. The sampling style to be employed in the study is stratified sampling. Justification for this stratified sampling style would be that the tertiary care hospital in North Philadelphia can be viewed as variables which will have importance for their levels of emergency readiness as well as their personal overall performance. A healthcare facility could be categorized into strata according to group homogeneity as well as according to strata variability. An important benefit to the stratified sampling technique is that equivalent numbers might be sampled from strata that vary in proportions: to ensure that, the statistical strength of tests involving variations amid strata might be much better balanced. Over-all, the precision of outcomes is greater for stratified sampling in contrast to other sampling methods.

TOPIC: Research Paper on Community Nursing the Service Learning Assignment

Study subjects will be contacted by way of e-mail. The e-mail will be sent to the appropriate individuals in the tertiary care hospital in North Philadelphia. Follow-up emails or perhaps telephone calls will certainly be carried out to assure adequate sampling does happen in every stratum.

Chapter 4: Results

Question 1: What in your view are the threats to the prevention of violence strategies at work?

Admin Response

Group Code

Response Code

Total

Total

Nurse Response

Group Code

Response Code

Lack of Awareness

A

1

0

Pollution

B

Hesitance to admit

A

(j)

1

2

Recycling

B

(j)

Lack of Support

A

(k)

4

4

B

(k)

Question 2: What are the needs for a more informed approach to address the threats to the prevention of violence strategies at work?

Admin Response

Group Code

Response Code

Total

Total

Nurse Response

Group Code

Response Code

Identification

A

(m)

3

1

Identification

B

(m)

Awareness

A

(n)

3

4

Awareness

B

(n)

Communication

A

(o)

3

3

Communication

B

(o)

Alternatives

A

(p)

1

2

Alternatives

B

(p)

Question 3: Does the need for prevention strategies change the view on the future of violence at work and how?

Admin Response

Group Code

Response Code

Total

Total

Nurse Response

Group Code

Response Code

Inform

A

3

2

Inform

B

Regulate

A

(y)

7

6

Regulate

B

(y)

Communicate

A

(z)

0

2

Communicate

B

(z)

Question 4: Have the previously implemented prevention strategies, if any, been successful thus far?

Admin Response

Group Code

Response Code

Total

Total

Nurse Response

Group Code

Response Code

Yes

A

(s2)

8

9

B

(s2)

No

A

(t2)

2

1

B

(t2)

Question 5: Can these prevention measures be generally applicable on a global scale? How, in your opinion, can they be customized? Explain.

Admin Response

Group Code

Response Code

Total

Total

Nurse Response

Group Code

Response Code

Increase Training and Knowledge

A

(t3)

5

5

Increase Training and Knowledge

B

(t3)

Increase Virtualization

A

(u3)

5

5

Increase Virtualization

B

(u3)

Chapter five: Discussion

Even when the constructions of violence varied, it had been acknowledged that the most crucial response had been to acknowledge that the event had been substantial for the storyteller. Frequently this had been the very first time the nurse had narrated the tale, and also on some occasions, being heard was an action of approval. It had been recognized that most of the stories weren't formally reported. Even though it is not easy to provide a definitive reaction to the reporting of occurrences, the stories narrated claim that underreporting frequently occurs, specifically when violence is encountered as abuse or perhaps threat. Abuse as well as threats within the community place of work is typical plus it had been noted that employees frequently cope with these as every day incidences not worthy of filing complaints. Instead they may be assimilated into the function involving the professional nurse. Nevertheless, all instances of physical violence had been reported other than in instances where the big event happened a long time ago, when reporting procedures weren't in position. Non-reporting conduct is often talked about within the literature. Inside a significant survey, Work safe Australia researched this matter, and determined that under or even non-reporting is actually prevalent amongst nurses, who often rationalize the aggressive behavior of individuals, customers or occupants, unless they are physically wounded. In other places, there appears to certainly be vestiges from the thought that either individual who pursue nursing work should anticipate physical violence, or conversely, the nurse must have triggered the assault.

An additional reason behind non-reporting surfaced through the retelling of experiences gathered from employees within the PAR interviews. Trivialization from the episode by peers as well as superiors had been often reported as the reason behind not filing complaints. This conduct can also be evident within the literature, especially in the lack of injuries.

As will be anticipated, the majority of violent acts towards nurses happened within the client's house. It ought to be noted that customers with a medical history of violence tend to be described RDNS clinics, as well as eight of the testimonies had been from treatment centers. This might have ramifications for security and safety of employees within hospitals. The group established the view, nevertheless, that instances of violence weren't limited to client's houses, plus they weren't random acts. It is usually presumed that the staff member's danger of violence is elevated once the nurse is subjected to new circumstances e.g. The very first trip to the customer in an unfamiliar setting. Fifty percent of the incidents documented within the stories had been on first visit. It has implication for the referral as well as initial evaluation procedure. The PAR group thought that the brand new RDNS call centre will have a function in giving out referrals for feasible tendencies toward violence.

On 5 occasions, the customer possessed a known background of violence, however the extent of the history had not been revealed during the time of referral. On every occasion, the referring organization had not advised RDNS concerning the threats or even possible risks towards their own employees. As well as the moral responsibility to tell others of the possible danger, there exists arguably a legitimate responsibility to inform.

During these stories, 50% of actual or possible violent activities happened throughout subsequent visits to the patient. Even though the patient might not be a new comer to RDNS, frequently a novice office staff member experienced the client's assault. Besides the security planning of brand new employees, this observation might have ramifications for the recording as well as alert systems presently in position. RDNS provides specific focus on employees' security later in the day or during the night, e.g. employees operate in pairs on evening duty and also have duress alarms. It really is consequently worth noting that 80% from the possible or actual occurrences observed took place in the daytime. This observation might be manipulated as numerous stories had been produced by colleagues on day-time duty. Nonetheless, even when only 50% of the activities occurred throughout the day, there exists a powerful debate for stretching safety precautions to conventional hours as well. The PAR group had been keen for top management to see the usage of duress units within the at risk settings e.g. treatment centers. Additionally, the usage of cell phones could be employed in different ways to alert other individuals.

Individuals who shared their experiences failed to frequently talk about debriefing following the event. A number of employees noted that their worries with regard to their security had been ignored. 1 heated factor of discussion within the PAR group had been the concept of dispatching another individual (normally a level 3) to go with the round nurse to the emergency. For PAR group associates this meant two individuals had been in danger. However, 1 suggestion of numerous workers around of prevention (Cherry and Upston 1997; Bowie 1996) is to try using the 'buddy' method when there happens to be issues about employees' security. The group felt, nevertheless,… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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