Term Paper: Community Oriented Policing New

Pages: 20 (6694 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] When a community will successfully reduce crime within its circle it will allow them to allocate more police resources to services that have the greatest impact on the quality of community life." (Kelling, 4-5)

The policy of a mandatory arrest will discourage crimes among the communities and will help in developing a stronger sense of security. Moreover, it will help the police to practice crime reduction more freely and more with ease without any distraction.

On the other hand, it may raise concerns relating to the individual freedom and the legal protection given to a citizen. In addition to this some of the police officers may misuse this privilege.

Statement of the problem and the purpose of the study:

The fear of crime and the existence of criminal activities within a society not only affects the social and other creative activities of that society but also influences the style of living of the people of that particular locality. The absence of security not only creates disorder in the society but is harmful for its long-term growth as well. With all the developments and technological advancements that we human beings have made, the problem of security has also increased side by side creating great concern among the general pubic. To resolve this issue, the concept of community policing has been brought forward and has been successfully exercised in many areas. This concept has helped the members of the community or group to ensure increased security and has allowed them to actively participate in the function of crime prevention. The main focus of our study is to analyze the concept of community policing and to find out as to how effective the strategy of community policing has been. "The primary concept of community policing is to let the police officers and private citizens' work together in creative ways in order to effectively solve existing problems related to crime, fear of crime, social and physical disorder, and neighborhood decay." (James, 21-54)

We will also study the guidelines on which the concept of community policing is based. The concept of community policing has forced the police departments to develop a friendly relationship with the law-abiding people in the community and to cooperate with them in several security and crime prevention related issues. "This has allowed the citizens of the societies to have a greater level of control over their personal security related issues and to influence the local police priorities. Furthermore, the concept of C.O.P has also given the citizens an opportunity to improve the overall quality of life in their neighborhoods. Another major productive change brought by the implementation of this concept is that it has shifted the focus of police work from simply handling random calls and resolving complaints to solving the overall community problems." (Gordon, 141)

The concept of C.O.P is not limited to the interaction between the community members and the police officers but it involves certain problem solving approaches. The community police officers are given necessary training for organizing, solve different crime related problems, and serve as a resource and facilitator for the community members who seek them for the satisfaction of their security needs. In this regard, the community police officers of the particular locality continuously interact with the citizens through meetings, celebrations and other informal modes of interaction. These informal meetings and interactions with the citizens help them to track the criminal activities prevailing in the locality. In this way they are fully informed as to when and where any particular criminal activity is going on. The concept of C.O.P is based on the philosophy of policing by building strong relationships with the members of the community and to focus on the strategies that help them to prevent crime rather than to arrest those who have committed crime.

The concept of community policing is believed to a unique idea as it relies on input from the common members of the society and not limits it to the opinion leaders or community leaders. It seeks input from all members and considers them equally important. In short this approach can be well defined as a "grass root" approach as its focus is on eliminating crime from the grass root level. With the introduction of the community policing system, the societies, which are engaged in practicing it, have started a rethinking or reconsidering process to find out as to how the police system works and how to bring productive changes in it in order to make it most efficient and effective.

The paper will also study the approaches through which the police personnel are trained to deal with a wide array of situations and a range of behavioral problems even though each one of them is confusing in its own way. The difference that community policing approach can make, in solving the issues relating to rime prevention and security, is that the police department can get more involved in analyzing and responding to the specific problems brought to them by each and every citizen and thus minimizing the chances of the occurrence of any crime. The paper has also discussed some other key components of community policing such as the approach to reduce the symbols or signs of crime. "By adopting this approach, the police can focus on reducing disorder and chaos from the society because they are believed to be the main reason for the existence of crime. By reducing disorder and decay, the society can bring considerable reduction in the incidences of crime." (Bright, 24-63)

Finally, we have studied the effectiveness of this study in different societal settings and have analyzed the use of some other approaches to policing in situations where C.O.P does not seem to work effectively.

Thesis Statement

Community oriented policing has become the new model of policing replacing the traditional para-military style of policing that has been the foundation of policing for most of the 20th century. Departments nationwide have begun to change to C.O.P. In order to further community relationships, reduce citizen fear of crime, and to help the police better fight crime with the assistance of the community. Overwhelmingly it has been an effective strategy but it has its failings. C.O.P. is an effective policing strategy but does not work everywhere and other policing strategies are being implemented to replace where it does not.

For the purpose of reducing neighborhood crimes, creating a sense of security and reduce fear of crimes among the citizens and improving the quality of life in the community, the community policing strategy has been proved to be the most effective one. The accomplishment of all these objectives to develop a healthy and clean society can be done by combining the efforts of the police department, the members of the community and the local government. The concept of community policing is not very new however it has gained attention in last few years. It is an approach to make a collaborative effort between the police and the community in order to identify and solve the problems of crime, societal disorder and disturbances. It combines all the element of the community to find out the solutions to the social problems. Its foundations are laid on the basis of close and communally beneficial ties between the police and the members of the community. The strategy to adopt community policing will help in finding a way to reenergize the communities. It is apparent that a strongly built and self-sufficient community will be extremely helpful in creating an atmosphere in which serious crime will not flourish.

Part II:

Research Methodology:

The issue of community policing is not new to us. There has been considerable level of debate and arguments in its favor as well as against this approach. A number of studies have been conducted for the purpose of defining the true concept of community policing and to study the factors that have led to the success of community oriented policing. In our study, we have referred to a number of such studies, including the statistical data related to the issue and a number of literature resources such as books written on the subject and other scholarly journals. Our primary source of information is thus the secondary data i.e. The research works already conducted relating to this issue. We have studied the available literature related to the subject and have tried to come to a conclusion through them.


Community policing has been successfully implemented in some of the localities of the United States. These states have worked closely with the community members in order to gain cooperation in resolving the issues of high crime rates and other security problems. For instance, in Michigan, the Community police officers noticed that the youth of the locality are usually found on streets and they usually end up having a trouble. To resolve this problem they opted to get the cooperation of the community members instead of using the traditional policing approaches. They urged the parents of these youth to… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Community Oriented Policing New.  (2002, April 12).  Retrieved June 26, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/community-oriented-policing-new/6422631

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"Community Oriented Policing New."  Essaytown.com.  April 12, 2002.  Accessed June 26, 2019.