Term Paper: Company Sponsored Childcare

Pages: 17 (5528 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Urban Studies  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] The child cares crisis and the problems that inadequate childcare present for corporate America is another topic. There is a wealth of background information available on both of these topics. However, there is none that approaches the topics from the angle that will be presented in this research. Therefore is impossible to examine previous academic research on the topic, due to the fact that this is a new area of study. We will therefore examine the materials available on both of he subjects at hand and attempt to give and overview of the current theories and ideals surrounding the topic.

The topic of urban sprawl has been considered as a major issue in urban planning. An article in Scientific American demonstrates how this concept is changing the face of American communities and how our cities are beginning to take on a new shape (Chen, 2000). This has been a key issue for urban planners, as of recent. Charles Bohl (2000) discusses the history of the shape of the modern city from it post WWII beginnings. He offers an interesting historical perspective, but also contends that future urban planning policy should diverge from these old patterns. He contends that these old development patterns served the generation that developed them well, but that they no longer serve the needs of the modern family and the modern urban setting. He focuses on the need of policies hat focus on the urban setting as an entire unit and that the people who live there become a primary consideration for developers.

There are few that disagree with the historical perspective presented by Bohl. However, there are some that have different views on how the change should take place. Poticha (2000) feels that the new face of urbanization should come through partnerships and collaboration between policy makers and business people in the area. Pyatok (2000), on the other hand, feels that the change should come from a grass roots level aimed at individuals in the community. Both of these views have merit. However, it is more likely that the real solution will involve all of these elements of a combination of these elements.

Literature is filled with articles about urban development and the need for a change. There are many issues facing policy makers and there are no easy answers for any of them. The research that will be the subject of this study addresses a new topic area for urban planner to consider. As urban planners begin to design cities for the needs of the people who will live in it, they must consider new ways to make the city more efficient and economically sound. Women are a large part of the workforce and provision that would allow more of them to go back to wok by providing childcare is one way to boost he economy of a newly developed urban center.

Gustafsona and Stafford (2003) provide insight on three different approaches to the childcare shortage. They offer many new innovative ideas that have arisen from the needs of these countries.

The case of Sweden shows how companies and communities can wok in a collaborative effort to solve the needs of the whole. Sweden gives companies government incentives to provide childcare for their workers. This program has had great success and has allowed a great number of women to go back to work that otherwise would not have been able to do so. This is an example of the success that can be achieved by such program and gives the researchers of this study a benchmark by which to gauge other childcare programs and incentive programs.

Simpson (2003) and Durham (2000) discuss how the childcare needs of corporate American are changing. Durham discusses the importance of the need for emergency childcare. The provision of emergency childcare helps to reduce sick time and stress on working mothers. Simpson presents a case for a new emerging need for corporate America to provide more and better childcare for their employees. Ross 9 explored the role that education plays in the ability of the parents to find suitable and safe childcare for their children. They found that lower income families do not utilize the public information provided on how to evaluate childcare providers and that there is a higher failure rate of childcare in lower income neighborhoods.

There are many articles written on the problems faced by urban planners and there are many articles on the need for employers to provide more adequate childcare for their employees. There are few academic studies on the topic and many of the articles found amount to well-argued opinions. These articles will be useful to this study however, in that they help to identify some of the problems being faced in these two areas.

There are many companies that can act as subjects for case studies in this research and the sources for these case studies come from a variety of sources. The case studies will be selected according to the criteria contained in the methodology section of this proposal. In some cases all of information needed will not be available through written sources and a follow up phone call will be made to fill in the missing pieces.

This research brings together two topics in an innovative way that will solve problems in both areas. Childcare should be considered in urban planning. The problems of urban development and the child care shortage, especially in low-income communities, is a concern for everyone on all sides of the issues. The main differences in viewpoint that were found in a preliminary literature review did not differ in opinion about the fact that the problems existed or even the scope of the problem, but the y did differ in their approach to finding a solution to the problem. It is the purpose of this research to identify the problems in this area and to find the solutions as well.

Methods

This study will be exploratory in nature. However the exploratory data will later be coded to determine if patterns do exist, indicating the factors that are present in successful and unsuccessful programs. The study will be conducted in three phases.

The first phase is to locate the information. This will be performed through library and Internet searches for companies that have instituted company-based childcare programs. Where the information cannot be obtained through unobtrusive sources, a phone call will be made to obtain the information. Next the information will be coded into two categories. These categories will include the number of people who actually use the company-based childcare programs, expressed as both a raw number and a percentage of total employees and total female employees of childbearing age. These will be taken on an individual basis and the best judgement of the researcher will be used.

After the incidents are identified in the case studies and coded, they will be divided into columns and statistically analyzed to see if there is a statistical significant difference. A p-value of <.5 will be used to establish statistical significance. This statistical significance will be used to determine the percentage of childcare programs that have a certain trait as being associated with success or failure. For instance the researcher may find that three companies that have a high number of employees that have enrolled their children in the program for extended periods of time, indicating success, have hires a certified teacher to conduct the program. Another example of the type of information that may be found is that a failed program was not flexible and had a rigid policy that punished employees for having to take off when their child was too ill to attend child care.

Until the actual research is conducted it cannot be determined what similarities and factors will be identified. However, these items are an example of what may be discovered during the preliminary case study examination. The primary goal of the research is to identify any patterns that may exist. An attempt to predetermine the categories prior to conducting this type of study may tend to bias the results. In this case the research may only search for the known or suspected factors in a successful or unsuccessful program and in turn may ignore an innovative idea that could lead to greater success of future programs.

Phase two of the research will involve examining the characteristics of the various company-based child care programs for similarities in structure, funding and other qualities that would indicate factors to success or failure. This information will be summarized in a spreadsheet so that statistical analysis can be used to determine frequency distribution of the various attributes. These will help to spot commonalties, such as programs that have similar schedules or the children divided into appropriate age groups.

These statistical methods will accomplish the research objectives of this study: to compile a series of case studies that have company-based child care programs and that… [END OF PREVIEW]

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