Comparison of Jesus in the Quran and the Bible Term Paper

Pages: 15 (4804 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 12  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Mythology - Religion

Jesus in the Quran vs. Jesus in the Bible

Muslims believe that a number of doctrines in the Quran or Koran directly oppose what the Bible teaches on Jesus, in particular, His divinity, His death atonement for sin and His resurrection. Adherents of the Quran maintain that Jesus Christ was only a human person, not equal to God and that He was not the Lamb of God. The contradiction has created much trouble and conflict among adherents of both sources of revelation that must be examined, as no less than eternal salvation is at stake.

The normative-descriptive method will be used in reviewing the literature gathered and in reaching a conclusion or position, based on the findings.

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Major differences between the Quran and the Bible are on original sin, salvation, and the divinity of Jesus (Dave and Angel 2004). Muslims do not believe in the doctrine of original sin as taught by the Bible. Original sin was committed by Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden and they passed on their sin, fallen nature and eternal punishment to all mankind, for which a Redeemer or Messiah was to be sent the Bible teaches that the Savior or Redeemer, Who was prophesied to come and save men from sin, is Jesus Christ, the Son of God and God the Son, the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity. The Quran or Islam believes that a man is born without a stain of sin or original sin and that he can commit sin only upon reaching puberty, during which he is punished for the sin he alone commits. But this is actual sin, not the original sin committed by the first two human beings on earth by imputation. On the other hand, the Bible teaches that the sin of a single man, Adam, entered the world and earned death passed from Adam to all men:

Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin, and so death passe upon all men, for that all have sinned (Romans 5:12)."

Term Paper on Comparison of Jesus in the Quran and the Bible Assignment

Sin already existed in the world from the time of Adam's transgression up to the time of Moses who received the law, which imputed sin. Under this law, sin merited and merits death until recompensed by someone above it. Only a God could but He had to take on the nature of fallen man and pay the penalty in man's form but without the stain of sin. The Bible, the Word of God, teaches that only Jesus Christ, the prophesied Messiah, the Son of God and God the Son, the Second Person in the Blessed Trinity, was qualified for the task. He suffered and died in Calvary as atonement for the sin of man and, as He Himself predicted, rose back to life and later ascended into heaven by His own power (Haugaard, trans RKJV 2000).

Islam or the Quran denies that Jesus Christ Himself became sin and took on the entire punishment due the sin of man in his place, once and for all men and for all eternity (Dave and Angel 2004). St. Paul's epistle to the people of Corinth says:

For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him (2 Cor 5:21)." And to the Romans:

For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinner, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous (Romans 5:15-19)"

The Bible, the Word of God, teaches that salvation is freely offered by the sin-atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ, the Messiah, by grace and rebirth through belief in Jesus, Who is the only Way to the Father and heaven (Haugaard 2000). This faith in Jesus accords a man God's own righteousness, which is in Jesus Himself and not in any man's good works. The Quran (Ali 2001), in comparison, holds that salvation is a reward for a life of piety and righteousness:

Then those whose scales are heavy, they are successful. And those whose scales are light are those who lose their souls, in hell abiding (Sura, 23, 102,103)."

And... vie one with another for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for those who ward off.(Sura 3:133)."

The Gospel of Apostle John is clear as to how a man can be reborn into the family of God and restored to God's friendship:

Verily, verily, I say unto thee, except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom f God (John 3:3)."

And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up. That whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosever

Believeth in him should not perish but have everlasting life. For God sent not his

Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through him might be Saved. He that believes on him is not condemned, but he that believes not is Condemned already because he has not believed in the name of the only

Begotten Son (John 314)."

And the Quran denies that Jesus is God and instead teaches that He is not divine and has no divine sonship (Ali 2001). It completely rejects the doctrine that Jesus is God manifest in the flesh and that He is unable to forgive sins without someone satisfying divine justice. No human being, however great, can be a manifestation of God on earth or a divine incarnate (Azia 9 as qtd in Dave and Angel 2004).

The Bible is steadfast in teaching about the divinity of Jesus Christ: In his letter to Timothy, Paul wrote: "God was manifest in the flesh (1 Tim 3:16). John, the Beloved Apostle and evangelist, writes:

And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us (1:14)." And the Father are one. (John 10:30)." said therefore unto you, that you shall die in your sins, for if you believe not that I am he, you shall die in your sins (John 8:24)."

The Quran advocates war and the destruction of one's enemies in Sura:

Seek out your enemies relentlessly (4:103)."

Fighting is obligatory for you, much as you dislike it (2:216)."

Believers, when you encounter the infidels on the march, do not turn your backs to them in flight. If anyone on that day turns his back on them, except it be for tactical reasons, he shall incur the wrath of God and Hell shall be his home (8:12)."

Make war on the leaders of unbelief. Make war on them. God will chastise them at your hands and humble them. He will grant you victory over them (9:12)."

Fight against such as those to whom the Scriptures were given... until they pay tribute out of hand and are utterly subdued. (9:27)."

Prophet, make war on the unbelievers and the hypocrites and deal rigorously with them. Hell shall be their home (9:73)."

The Quran hard-line policy of justice against one's enemies was an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. But Jesus Christ of the Bible not only teaches the forgiveness of others' offenses but also that the enemy should be loved unconditionally:

But I say unto you, 'love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you and persecute you (Matt. 5:44)." because this is the way God the Father loves and will forgive:

For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses (Matt.6:14-15)."

Openness to forgiving the faults and offenses is also taught by Proverbs:

Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth (24:17)."

If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat, and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink (25:21)."

The Quran stands squarely on the justice principle while the Bible takes the position of compassion towards others, especially the enemy, from the example of Jesus Christ Himself, as in Paul's epistle to the Romans:

Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, bur rather give place unto wrath:

for it is written, 'vengeance is mine, I will repay,' saith the Lord (12:19)."

In direct contrast to the search and thirst for justice advocated by the Quran, the Bible bids the children of God to be new creatures on earth altogether as Paul exhorts the Galatians to avoid certain acts and forms of behavior:

Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these: adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, enyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like, of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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