Term Paper: Components of Adlerian Therapy

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¶ … components of Adlerian Therapy, Psychoanalytic Therapy (including the modern theorists)

Adlerian Therapy

Key points of each theory

Humans are motivated through various factors which include social interests, struggle to achieve the goals and facing different challenges and dealing with different phases of life. Emphasis is made on the individual's capacity and positive traits to live in a society with cooperation. Every person has the ability to understand, influence and create events. Every person tends to develop a specific life style at a very early age which stays the same throughout the life.

Ideas unique to the theory

Radically and logically, Adlerian psychotherapy is the procedure of encouragement and motivation, which is centered in the sense of collective humanity and a conviction that there is still a presence of slumbering capability in the patient or consumer of the service. During this treatment, patient is made mindful of his covert life and by this the therapist comes up with a better and substitute viewpoint adapted to the larger world. This motivating process enhances the value of this therapy and it is further approached by all those professionals which have concern regarding the education of children. Adler's central concern is therapeutic education.

(c)

Assumptions beneath the ideas (identifying the worldview elements behind the theory)

Adlerian therapy forces the unity of personality, requirement of viewing individuals from their subjective outlook along with the significance of life goals which provide direction to behavior (Ferguson, 1984, p.6). People are encouraged by having social interests and also by discovering their goals and aims to have a meaningful life. Other key perspectives of this therapy include the struggle to have important position in society, setting up a unique life style and understanding the importance of family life. This theory is all about motivating and empowering clients to change their cognitive view of life.

(d)

Implications of the ideas and assumptions

Primary objectives of Adlerian therapy include the challenging of client's basic premises and life's aims, to provide with assistance and motivation so that a client can develop socially, and also developing client's sense of belonging.

(e) Alternatives to the ideas and assumptions (integrating your personal worldview)

Adlerian therapy faces frequent criticism because of lack of depth. Many of people see it as an artificial process which limits the treatment to some issues and most of the issues which a client bring in the counseling room cannot be treated properly due to lack of constitution. Though there is lots of flexibility in its wide scope, the fortitude is weak. Most people have opinion about this therapy that this is similar to those who exaggerates about everything but are unable to perform much. Although there is much stress on birth orders and early recollection, there are non-tested assumptions made which say that many psychologists view it as placing excessive weight on concepts which are not critical about human growth.

(f) Strengths/weaknesses

Strengths of Adlerian Therapy

Alfred Adler placed a building block for one of the most human-related approaches to psychology. His ideas are implemented in various other therapies. This model is ideal for most of the existing approaches towards counseling. This therapy stresses on consciousness prefigured the approaches to cognitive behavioral. This therapy recognized the social context of parent/child interactions which ultimately made its way for various kinds of family therapy. Adlerian's approach has an impact on community mental health movement. The inter-personal focus is suitable for culturally different populations.

Limitations of Adlerian Therapy

Some of the basic concepts of Adlerian's approach are indefinite and not defined precisely which makes it hard to prove them. Critics have a perception that this approach has over simplified the difficult human actions and functioning and is based totally on common sense point-of-views.

(g) Your thoughts regarding the theory

I have more positive views about this therapy as I completely value the encouragement of family unity and group interactions. Adler recognized the difference amid developing a person's self-esteem and nurturing it within a group or society. I strongly believe on the power of team work and its positive influence because of individuals' self-worth. Group tends to be more powerful and motivating if it is functioning more promptly and fruitfully to bring a positive change.

Psychoanalytic Therapy

(a)

key points of each theory

Sigmund Freud proposed a theory which says that an individual's personality comprises of three different elements which are Id, Ego and the Super ego.

Id is that aspect of any personality which is driven by internal or basic requirements and needs. These are instinctive needs like hunger, sexual needs, libido or thirst. The id functions according to the pleasure principal, in which it avoids pain and seeks for pleasure and happiness. Id often stays unaware of action's implications due to its instinctive quality. However Ego performs to create a balance between Id and super ego. For the balance between these two traits, ego functions in the most realistic way to achieve Id's drive.

(b)

ideas unique to the theory

These terms knows as psychoanalyses theory and psychoanalytic theory are often used in inter-changing manner in order to refer to a certain set of therapeutic hypothesis and methods developed through Sigmund Freud's writings. These two approaches outlook the client's symptoms as a result of interaction and conflict between mental forces namely desires, impulses and motives. These elements regulate and monitor our behavior. The assessment of person's early childhood and his relationship with his parents and family aids the client and also allows counselor to identify central themes of client's life and how they apply to existing relationships and their attitude towards family, school and work (Usher, 1993).

(c) Assumptions beneath the ideas (identifying the worldview elements behind the theory)

According to the human behavior, psychoanalysis rely on two basic hypotheses

All mental events are held by some cause and nothing takes place by chance

A dynamic unconsciousness- many fundamental needs, wishes and desires lie externally from person's awareness (Brennar, 1973).

The objective of psychoanalysis for individual, couples, or group is the family assistance for the fulfillment of their empowerment by making unconscious stable and thus firming up the organization of the psychic structures, or ego and relate with reality particularly in the sphere of interpersonal relations.

(d) Implications of the ideas and assumptions

A normal and common psychoanalytical therapist will meet his client for a number of years up to five times per week. However Freud was not interested in client's existing reality however he was more inclined towards client's fantasies and dreams. Because of the fact that this unconsciousness of a person cannot be tested directly, Freud made use of many tactics to step in to the unconscious as well as increase awareness.

The 6 key techniques of this therapy are:

Maintenance of analytical framework

Interpretation

Dream analysis

Resistance analysis

Transference analysis

Free association

To make unconscious conscious is the primary goal of psychoanalytical therapy. It is done to make individual capable of being in a position to practice choices and empower the ego. This development of behavior is based on reality, guilt and rather instinctive cravings.

(e) Alternatives to the ideas and assumptions (integrating your personal worldview)

The psychoanalytic perspective of human nature is quite different from the humanistic outlook. Founder of the humanistic psychology movement, Carl Rogers founded a more positive view of human nature. This approach stresses on a fact that at the center of each and every individual there lays a positive center which comprises of two components: capability and trustworthiness (Corey, 2009). Even though previous experiences have not been overlooked in the therapy, there is more focus on the growth and development. Capability proposes that bad past experiences can be recovered by fining one's aim and purpose of life (Corey, 2009).

(f) strengths/weaknesses

Advantages

The theory stresses on the significance of childhood experiences.

It originated… [END OF PREVIEW]

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